Military Wiki
Ivan Nikolayevich Banov
Nickname "Chyorny", "Ivan Chyorny"
Born (1916-08-29)29 August 1916
Died 9 February 1982(1982-02-09) (aged 65)
Place of birth Tatsinskaya, Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire
(now in Rostov Oblast, Russian Federation)
Place of death Moscow, Russian SFSR
Soviet Union
Allegiance Soviet Union Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army flag.svg Red Army / Soviet Army
Years of service 1935 - 1977
Rank Major-general
  • Hero of the Soviet Union — 1944 Order of Lenin (2)
  • Order of the Red Banner
  • Order of the Red Star
  • and other awards

    Ivan Nikolayevich Banov (Russian: Ива́н Никола́евич Ба́нов; 29 August 1916 [O.S. 16 August], Tatsinskaya stanitsa - 9 February 1982, Moscow) was a Soviet military intelligence officer and partisan movement leader in World War II.


    Ivan Banov was born on 29 August 1916 [O.S. 16 August] in the stanitsa of Tatsinskaya in the Don Host Oblast of the Russian Empire (now in Rostov Oblast, Russian Federation). He entered the Red Army in 1935 and joined the Communist Party in 1939.[1]

    An officer in the Red Army's military intelligence at the time of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Banov organized several partisan groups behind the German lines that grew to become sizeable formations during the Nazi occupation.[1]

    Commemorative plaque about partisan groups

    Ivan Banov's partisan fighters carried out significant raids on the occupying German forces and facilitated the Red Army's liberation of the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union in 1942-1944. Credited with disrupting the enemy supply lines, detonating twenty railroad bridges, and accumulating valuable intelligence material, Banov was recognized with the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1944.[1]

    He graduated from Frunze Military Academy in 1949 and was promoted in rank to major-general during his post-war service. Banov retired from the military in 1977.[1]

    He lived in Moscow and died on 9 February 1982.[1]


    Banov's decorations included both Soviet and foreign military awards, they include:


    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Lurye, V. M. & V. Ya. Kochik (2002). GRU: Dela i Lyudi. Moscow: OLMA. p. 342. ISBN 5-224-03528-7. (Russian)

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