Military Wiki
Islamic Jihad Union (IJU)
Participant in terrorism in Uzbekistan
War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
Flag of Jihad.svg
Flag of Jihad
Active 2002–present
Ideology Pan-Islamism
Leaders Najmiddin Jalolov(KIA)
Headquarters North Waziristan
Originated as Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Flag of Jihad.svg East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Flag of Jihad.svg Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Flag of Caucasian Emirate.svgCaucasus Emirate

Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan,
Flag of the International Security Assistance Force.svg International Security Assistance Force,
Flag of Germany.png Germany,

Flag of the United States.svg United States
Battles/wars Islamic insurgency in Uzbekistan
War in Afghanistan (2001–2021)

The Islamic Jihad Union (IJU; Arabic language: الإسلامي الجهاد لاتحادIttiḥad al-Islāmī al-Jihad), initially known as Islamic Jihad Group (IJG), is a militant Islamist organization that has conducted attacks in Uzbekistan and attempted attacks in Germany.[1]


The IJU was founded in March 2002 as a splinter group from the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas.[2] The organization failed attacks in Uzbekistan in 2004 and early 2005. Then it changed its name, Islamic Jihad Group, into Islamic Jihad Union. After this period, it became closer to core al Qaida.[2] Since its reorientation, the organization’s focus shifted and it began plotting terror attacks in Pakistan and Western Europe, especially Germany.[2] Mir Ali in North Waziristan is the organization's base where Western recruits for attacks in the West are trained.[2]


IJG setoff a series of bombs from 28 March to 1 April 2004 in Uzbekistan, killing 47 people. IJG has terror cells in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Russia. IJG members have trained at terror camps in Pakistan and Kazakhstan. The IJG bombed the Israeli and U.S. embassies and the Uzbek Prosecutor-General's Office in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on 30 July 2004, saying they targeted "apostate" governments. Several IJG members were arrested in Kazakhstan in late 2004.[3]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency Director Porter Goss testified in March 2005 that IJG "has become a more virulent threat to U.S. interests and local governments." The State Department designated IJG as a global terrorist organization in May 2005. The United Nations Security Council added IJG to its terrorism list in June 2005.[3]

On 13 October 2005, Hazel Anne Blears MP testified before the British House of Commons that the IJU should be identified as a banned organization because it posed a threat to British interests overseas.[4] Some Ministers dissented from this viewpoint, and former British Ambassador Craig Murray later claimed that the IJU attacks were highly controlled and limited operations orchestrated by the Government of Uzbekistan.[5] On the contrary, MP Blears asserted in her testimony that these conclusions were independently corroborated by British intelligence and security services sources, and that many UN members expressed concern regarding the IJG.

In 2007 three terrorists were arrested in Germany after being suspected of plans to attack the Frankfurt International airport and US-Military installations such as Ramstein Air Base. The three persons were directly affiliated with the Islamic Jihad Group.[6][7]

In 2008 two[1] suspected IJU members were arrested at Germany's Cologne Bonn Airport aboard a KLM flight bound for Amsterdam. The men, who had connecting flights to Uganda, were thought to have continuing itineraries on to Pakistan, where sources claimed they would participate in some sort of terrorist training or indoctrination. However, after being held for several days, evidence failed to materialize and the men (one Somali and one German citizen of Somali heritage) were released.

A video released online by the IJU's media arm, Badr al-Tawhid, in 2011, showed its members fighting alongside Taliban forces in Afghanistan’s northern and eastern provinces, and providing training to local Uzbek, Tajik and Pashtuns. The same video listed IJU fighters killed in Afghanistan, whose names indicated they had come from Turkey, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan.[8]

See also


External links

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