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Internal Troops
Belarusian language: Унутраныя войск МУС
Russian: Внутренние войска МВД
Belarus Internal Troops patch.png
Shoulder Patch of the Internal Troops
Active 1991
Country  Belarus
Branch Ministry of Internal Affairs
Type Gendarmerie
Size 12,000[1]
Headquarters Minsk
Anniversaries 18 March
Commanders
Deputy Interior Minister – Commander of the Internal Troops Major General Yury Nazarenko[2][3]
Deputy Commander Khazalbek Atabekov[4]
Insignia
Emblem Belarus Internal Troops emblem.png

The Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Belarusian language: Унутраныя войск МУС; Russian: Внутренние войска МВД) is a paramilitary law enforcement force in the Republic of Belarus under the national Ministry of Internal Affairs.

All personnel are trained in the Internal Troops College of the Military Academy of Belarus.

History

The Internal Troops trace their history to a separate command of guards in Vitebsk, formed on 18 March 1918. Subsequently, the team was transformed into the 5th Byelorussian Convoy Regiment. Later, as the organs of the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, units of NKVD were formed. All of the units participated in Russian Civil War, the Second World War, the Soviet-Afghan War and in responding to the aftermath of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in the country's southwest. On 22 November 1968, the 22nd Department of Escort and Protection (sometimes translated as Convoy and Protection) was reorganised as the 43rd Escort [or Convoy] Division, with its headquarters at Minsk.[5] Two years later it had reached a strength of three escort or convoy regiments, a motorised regiment, and an independent special motorised militia battalion.

At the end of the 1980s, Internal Troops units were involved in the interethnic conflicts in the territory of the Soviet Union. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the formations and units of the troops deployed in Belarus became the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, created on the organizational basis of the 43rd Convoy Division.

On 3 June 1993, the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus" was adopted, the process of qualitative changes and reforming began.[6] In 1994, civil defense headquarters was incorporated into the internal troops. On 8 November 1995, President Alexander Lukashenko approved the organizational structure and deployment of internal troops. On 7 May 1998, the internal troops were presented with the Combat Banners and new state symbols. The conclusion of the process of reforming the troops was declared on 19 June 2001. The corresponding decree provides for the establishment of the Day of Internal Troops on March 18, celebrated annually.[7][8] In 2003, the Belarusian House of Representatives adopted a new version of the Law "On Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus".[9]

Organization

The Special Purpose Unit of the Internal Troops.

As of 2020, they consist of the following elements:[citation needed]

  • High Command of the Internal Troops
  • Special Purpose Brigades
    • 3rd Separate Special-Purpose Brigade (Minsk)
  • Police Brigades
    • 2nd Separate Special-Police Brigade[10]
    • 4th Separate Special-Police Brigade[11][12]
    • 5th Separate Special-Police Brigade[13]
    • 6th Separate Special-Police Brigade
    • 7th Separate Special-Police Brigade[14]
  • 2 security teams
  • 7 battalions
    • 2nd Separate Special-Police Battalion[15]
    • 5th Separate Special-Purpose Battalion[16]

Among the Internal Troop formations is the Minsk-based 3rd Separate Special-Purpose Brigade (Military Unit 3214, nicknamed the "Uruchenskaya Brigade"),[17] which was formed in the 1990s on the basis of the 334th Regiment of the 120th Guards Motor Rifle Division, and has the specific role of performing crowd control and anti-terrorism tasks.

Missions

The missions of the Internal Troops are as follows:[18]

  • Guard important cargo
  • Guard of corrective institutions
  • Maintain of a social order and stop violations the law that risk public safety
  • Dismantle illegal armed formations
  • Prevent domestic and foreign terrorism on Belarusian soil
  • Prepares for combined arms operations in the event an armed conflict[19]

References

  1. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел Республики Беларусь". www.mvd.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"НАЗАРЕНКО Юрий Геннадьевич". www.mvd.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. http://president.gov.by/ru/news_ru/view/tseremonija-chestvovanija-vypusknikov-vysshix-voennyx-uchebnyx-zavedenij-i-vysshego-ofitserskogo-sostava-23976/
  4. https://www.belta.by/president/view/hazalbek-atabekov-naznachen-zamestitelem-komandujuschego-vnutrennimi-vojskami-mvd-belarusi-303736-2018/
  5. Michael Holm, 43rd Red Banner Escort Division VV MVD SSSR, accessed July 2020.
  6. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Law of the Republic of Belarus "About internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus"". cis-legislation.com. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  7. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"18 марта — День внутренних войск МВД РБ. Два вопроса ветеранам - Волковысская газета "Наш час", новости Волковыска". volkovysknews.by. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  8. https://www.tvr.by/news/obshchestvo/18_marta_den_vnutrennikh_voysk_mvd_rb/
  9. История внутренних войск на сайте МВД РБ
  10. https://minobl.mvd.gov.by/m/ru/page/vojskovaya-chast-3310
  11. http://baranovichy.by/ru/voiskovaya-chast-7404/
  12. http://nashkraj.by/news/obshchestvo/vnutrennie_voyska_mvd_belarusi_otmechayut_100_let/
  13. http://mogilev.gov.by/vojskovye-chasti/3211-5577-vojskovaya-chast-6713.html
  14. http://vitebsk.mlh.by/ru/boycy-vnutrennih-voysk-prodemonstrirovali-navyki-v-centre-vitebska-po-sluchayu-professionalnogo
  15. http://vitvesti.by/obshestvo/dlia-vitebskikh-shkolniki-v-voinskoi-chasti-5524-proveli-den-otkrytykh-dverei.html
  16. https://pogovorim.by/3996-vnutrennie-voyska-ministerstva-vnutrennih-del/amp.html
  17. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Minsk riot militia headed by former commander of brigade of internal troops". charter97.org. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  18. Внутренние войска на сайте МВД РБ
  19. Ryadovoy.ru, <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2011-11-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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