Military Wiki
INS Jalashwa (L41)
USS Trenton
INS Jalashwa on it's way
Career (India)
Name: INS Jalashwa (L41)
Namesake: Sanskrit/Hindi for Hippopotamus
Laid down: 8 August 1966 (as USS Trenton)
Launched: 3 August 1968 (as USS Trenton)
Acquired: 17 January 2007 (formerly USS Trenton)
Commissioned: 22 June 2007
Homeport: Visakhapatnam
Motto: "The fearless pioneers"
Status: Active
General characteristics
Class & type: Austin class amphibious transport dock


Full load:16,600tonnes,
Length: 173.7 meters (570 feet) overall, 167 meters (548 feet) waterline
Beam: 30.4 meters (100 feet) extreme, 25.6 meters (84 feet) waterline
Draught: 6.7 meters (22 feet) maximum, 7 meters (23 feet) limit
Propulsion: Two boilers, two steam turbines, two shafts; 24,000 shp
Speed: 20 knots (40 km/h)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
1 × LCAC, or
1 × LCU, or
4 × LCM-8, or
9 × LCM-6, or
24 × AAV
Complement: 27 officers, 380 sailors
Landing force: up to 1000 troops
Armament: 4 × 3 in / 50 caliber AA gun mounts
2 × Phalanx CIWS
Aircraft carried: 6 x UH-3 Sea King helicopters

INS Jalashwa (L41) (Sanskrit/Hindi: Hippopotamus) is an amphibious transport dock currently in service with the Indian Navy. Formerly the USS Trenton, she was procured from the United States by India for USD 48 million. She was commissioned on 22 June 2007.

INS Jalashwa is the only Indian naval ship to be acquired from the United States. She is based in Visakhapatnam under the Eastern Naval Command.

Acquisition History[]

Indian Navy jack is raised on INS Jalashwa during her commissioning.

The Indian Navy felt the need for better amphibious landing capability in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, when the Navy's rescue and humanitarian efforts were hampered by inadequacy of existing amphibious ships in its fleet.[1] In 2006, the Indian government announced it would purchase the US Navy's retired Austin-class Landing Platform Dock USS Trenton (LPD-14) for approximately Rs. 228 crore ($48.44 million).[2] Her sister ship USS Nashville (LPD-13) was also offered, but India declined the offer.

The Indian Navy took possession of the ship on 17 January 2007 in Norfolk, Virginia after the transfer agreement was signed by Commodore P. Murugesan, Naval Attaché at the Embassy of India to the US, and Rear Admiral Garry E. Hall of US Navy. She then underwent a refit at the Norfolk Naval Base until May 2007.[3] The Indian Navy also purchased six UH-3 Sea King maritime utility transport helicopters for $39 million[4] for operation from the ship.[5] Sea Harrier aircraft can be operated from the deck of the ship.[6]

The ship was commissioned as INS Jalashwa on 22 June 2007 at Norfolk by Shri Ronan Sen, then the Indian ambassador to the United States. Captain B.S. Ahluwalia and Commander Dinesh Singh were her first Commanding Officer and Executive Officer, respectively.

The Jalashwa features a well deck, which can house up to four LCM-8 mechanized landing craft that can be launched by flooding the well deck and lowering the hinged gate aft of the ship. She also has a flight deck for helicopter operations from which up to six medium helicopters can operate simultaneously. The deck can also be used to operate vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft like the Sea Harrier, in special circumstances. She is also capable of embarking over 1000 troops, and is fully equipped with extensive medical facilities including four operation theatres, a 12-bed ward, laboratory and a dental centre.[7]


On 1 February 2008, five Indian Navy personnel were killed, and three others critically injured by inhaling poisonous hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gas aboard INS Jalashwa. The mishap occurred during an exercise in the Bay of Bengal, between Vishakapatnam and the Andaman Islands.[8][9][10] Jalashwa immediately headed to Port Blair, with the critically injured seamen and two officers being airlifted from the ship.[11] Lieutenant Commander Shwet Gupta and Lieutenant Ruchir Prasad were critically injured while trying to rescue their sailors. Lt Cdr Shwet Gupta died subsequently.

The purchase terms for the ship also resulted in controversy, with the Comptroller and Auditor General of India censuring the Indian navy for a hasty purchase without exercising sufficient due diligence and for accepting restrictions on use and access.[12] According to the report, the United States obtained an assurance that the naval ship could not be used for any offensive purposes, and had the right to regularly inspect it. In addition, no physical assessment was done by India prior to purchase and the US Navy reportedly did not reveal the need for upgrades and modifications.[13] A response to this criticism was that the ship was acquired primarily to aid the Navy in gaining vital operational information for expanding its amphibious warfare capabilities.


On 26 February 2011, INS Jalashwa and INS Mysore (D60) were deployed to the Mediterranean Sea under Operation Safe Homecoming to evacuate Indian citizens from Libya in the aftermath of the turmoil from the 2011 Libyan civil war. They carried their full air wings, and a contingent of Marine special forces.[14]

See also[]


  1. "Indian Navy acquires new potent weapons". YouTube. 2007-12-10. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  2. "India to buy $50 million ship from US". DNA India. 2006-08-25. Retrieved 2007-01-05. 
  3. Rajghatta, Chidanand (2007-01-18). "Indian Navy takes charge of US ship Trenton". Times of India. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. "Accidental Fire Killed Five, Injured Several On INS Jalashwa". Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  5. "Indian navy buys six former US Navy Sea King helicopters". Rotorhub. Archived from the original on 24 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-05. 
  6. "INS Jalashwa Joins the Eastern Fleet". Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  7. PTI, Jul 14, 2007, 05.30pm IST (2007-07-14). "India, US likely to ink military logistics support agreement". The Times of India. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  8. Hindustan Times, 1 February 2008, Five die in accident on troop carrier INS Jalashwa. IANS report.
  9. Poison gas caused five to die on troop carrier INS Jalashwa.[dead link]
  10. Sailors died due to gas leak, says Navy Article in the Indian Express
  11. "Death toll in Jalashwa gas leakage rises to six as sailor succumbs". 2008-02-10. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  12. India all at sea over US defense ties
  13. 07:00. "After Gorshkov now its Trenton – Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums". Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  14. "Naval ships to bail out Indians stranded in Libya – Times Of India". 2011-02-27. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 

External links[]

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