|IDF Achzarit Mk 2|
Achzarit armed with an OWS station
|Type||Heavy armored personnel carrier|
|Place of origin||Israel|
|Wars||South Lebanon conflict (1982–2000) |
2006 Lebanon War
|Designer||Israeli Defence Forces Corps of Ordnance|
|Produced||1988 - Present|
|Height||>2 m (estimate)|
|Crew||3 + 7 passengers|
|2×7.62mm machine gun, 1×7.62mm Rafael Overhead Weapon Station|
850 hp (630 kW)
The Achzarit is based on the Soviet-built T-54/T-55 tank, beginning with those captured from Arab armies during the Arab-Israeli wars. The IDF took the old T-55 tank and removed its turret and the chassis was modified for troop carriage by adding a troop compartment and a rear door. The original Soviet-made water-cooled diesel engine was replaced with a more compact and powerful diesel engine, and other internal systems were upgraded. Reactive armor was installed over the original armored tank chassis. The APC was created in 1988.
The Achzarit Mk 1 has a 650-hp engine, while the Mk 2 has an 850-hp engine.
It is armed with three 7.62 mm machine guns, including one Rafael Overhead Weapons Station, a machine gun controlled from within the cabin, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems As a lesson from the Second Intifada, a bulletproof glass turret was installed over one of the hatches to enable the commander to see outside without being exposed to small arms fire and shrapnel.
Because of its heavy armor, the Achzarit is sometimes called a Heavy APC (HAPC). Achzarit APCs are in service with the IDF Golani Brigade, which operates near the Lebanese border and in the northern part of the West Bank and with part of the IDF Givati Brigade.
- VIU-55 Munja, similar example from Serbia
- BTR-T, similar example from Russia
- BMPT, a Russian tank-derived AFV designed to fight infantry rather than transport it
- Kangaroo (armoured personnel carrier), a series of Allied World War 2 armoured personnel carriers that were based on converted tanks.
- "Achzarit". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/israel/achzarit.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-05.
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