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Howie Hawkins
Personal details
Born Howard Gresham Hawkins
December 8, 1952(1952-12-08) (age 70)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Political party Green
Other political
affiliations
Socialist (Affiliated)[1]
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Marine Corps

Howard Gresham Hawkins (born December 8, 1952) is an American trade unionist and activist from New York. A co-founder of the Green Party of the United States, Hawkins is seeking the party's nomination for president in 2020. His primary campaign issues include enacting an eco-socialist Green New Deal, which he first proposed in 2010, and building a viable, independent working-class political and social movement in opposition to the Democratic and Republican parties and capitalism in general.[2]

Hawkins has played leading roles in anti-war,[3] anti-nuclear,[4] and pro-worker movements since the 1960s. Hawkins is a retired teamster and construction worker; from 2001 until his retirement in 2017, Hawkins worked the night shift unloading trucks for UPS.[5][6]

Hawkins has run for office on several occasions; he was New York's Green Party candidate for the U.S. Senate in 2006. In 2010, Hawkins ran as the Green Party's candidate for Governor of New York, which restored ballot status for the party when it received more than the necessary 50,000 votes. In 2014, Hawkins ran again for the same office and received five percent of the vote. Hawkins ran a third time for Governor of New York in 2018, and ran for Mayor of Syracuse in 2017.

Early life and career

Howard Gresham Hawkins[7][8] was born in San Francisco, California, in 1952, and raised in nearby San Mateo.[9] His father was an attorney who was a football and wrestling student-athlete at the University of Chicago and served in the counter-intelligence unit for the U.S. Army's Manhattan Project during World War II.[7][8] He became politically active at the age of 12, when he saw how the multiracial Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party was denied recognition at the 1964 Democratic Convention.[9] According to Hawkins he was drafted in June 1972, at the age of 19, and enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps, despite his previous anti-war activism. However, he states he was never ordered into active duty.[4]

Green Party

In the 1980s Hawkins joined the green movement. In 1988, he and Murray Bookchin founded the Left Green Network "as a radical alternative to U.S. Green liberals", based around the principles of social ecology and libertarian municipalism.[10] In the early 1990s a press conference was held in Washington, D.C., that featured Charles Betz, Joni Whitmore, Hilda Mason, and Howie Hawkins to announce the formation of the Greens/Green Party USA.[11] Later in December 1999, Mike Feinstein and Hawkins wrote the Plan for a Single National Green Party which was the plan to organize the ASGP and GPUSA into a single Green Party.[12] A perennial candidate, Hawkins ran in multiple New York Senate and House races.[13] In 2010 he surpassed the 50,000 vote requirement to stay on the ballot in the gubernatorial election and four years later he received enough to move the Green Party line to Row D as he had taken one-third more than the Working Families Party and twice as much as the Independence Party.[14] However, in 2018 he lost 80,000 votes, but retained ballot access and was only lowered one row down to Row E.[15]

In 2012 Hawkins was approached over the possibility of running for the Green Party nomination, but declined due to his employment commitments at UPS forcing him to campaign for offices in New York at most and would interfere with a national campaign.[16] Following Hawkins' retirement he was approached again to run by a draft movement with a public letter addressed to him that was signed by former Green vice presidential nominees Cheri Honkala and Ajamu Baraka, former Green mayoral candidate and Ralph Nader's 2008 running mate Matt Gonzalez, and other prominent Green Party members.[17]

Hawkins was accidentally listed on ballots in Minnesota as the Green Party candidate for vice president, along with Jill Stein for president in the 2016 general election. Although Ajamu Baraka was Stein's running mate on the party's national ticket, Hawkins was inadvertently placed on the Minnesota ballot due to the party using him as a stand-in before the vice-presidential candidate was chosen.[18] With Hawkins listed, the Green Party ticket for President of the United States in Minnesota received nearly 37,000 votes statewide, an increase of 0.82% from the party's previous result in 2012.

Political positions

In 1993, Hawkins favored anarcho-communism as well as libertarian municipalism, as the "best way of integrating worker's control and community control in a process of social change that ultimately yields in a marketless, moneyless, stateless cooperative commonwealth".[19] Hawkins is also a member of the Industrial Workers of the World.[20]

Hawkins disagrees with the "party-within-the-party" approach to the Democratic Party advocated by organisations such as the Democratic Socialists of America or by individuals such as Bernie Sanders.[21] Instead, he believes that socialists should create an independent left-wing party.[21]

Hawkins became the first politician to include the Green New Deal in their election platform when he ran for Governor of New York in 2014.[22] Hawkins supports the Green Party's version of the Green New Deal that would serve as a transitional plan to a one hundred percent clean, renewable energy by 2030 utilizing a carbon tax, jobs guarantee, free college, single-payer healthcare and a focus on using public programs.[23][24]

New York politics

Hawkins was the Green Party of New York's candidate for the United States Senate in the state of New York. Hawkins received 55,469 votes in the November 2006 election (during which Hillary Clinton was re-elected), for 1.2% of the total votes cast.[25]

In 2008, Hawkins ran for the United States House of Representatives in New York's 25th congressional district on the Green Populist line. Hawkins won 9,483 votes, losing to Democrat Dan Maffei.[26]

Hawkins' Gubernatorial Performance

In May 2010, Hawkins was nominated to run for Governor of New York as the Green Party candidate. His campaign was also supported by the Socialist Party of New York.[1]

Hawkins was critical of his Democratic opponent, Andrew Cuomo, and challenged him to participate in public forums with the other gubernatorial candidates. In a New York Daily News interview, Hawkins expressed his concerns with some of Cuomo's positions:

... he [Cuomo] wants to solve the state budget crisis by cutting spending such as for state workers and schools. He ignores that the root cause of the problem is not spending but the huge tax cuts for the wealthy that began when he was helping his father as Governor. Instead of spending caps, we need the wealthy and Wall Street to pay their fair share.[27]

On November 2, 2010, Hawkins received nearly 60,000 votes (1.3%), allowing the Green Party of New York to be listed on the ballot for the next four years.[28][29]

In December 2010, Hawkins was named co-chair of the newly recognized Green Party of New York.[30]

Hawkins announced his candidacy for 4th District Common Councilor in Syracuse in September 2011, running as a Green Party candidate.[31][32] His opponent was a Democrat, Khalid Bey. Hawkins received endorsements from the Syracuse Post Standard, the Green Party of Onondaga County, UNITE HERE Local 150, and the Greater Syracuse Labor Council.[33][34] Hawkins planned to sponsor resolutions for state tax code reforms to require more from the state's wealthiest, and to share more revenues with cities. He also supported the establishment of a municipal development bank to provide financing for local cooperative businesses and a 0.4% "commuter tax" on the incomes of suburbanites working in the city.[35] Hawkins lost the election to Bey.[36]

On May 20, 2013, Hawkins announced that he would again run for 4th District Common Councilor in Syracuse. His opponent was incumbent Democrat Khalid Bey.[37] On October 16, 2013, Hawkins published a fiscal position paper with mayoral candidate Kevin Bott focused on a new scaled local income tax, and the role of the state in the fiscal crisis in Syracuse. Bott and Hawkins point out that New York revenue sharing with its biggest cities has decreased from the teens to just about one percent since the 1970s.[38][39] Hawkins lost the election to Democrat Bey by a vote of 1,471 to 995.[40]

On April 9, 2014, Hawkins announced his second candidacy for Governor of New York at the LCA Pressroom in Albany, New York. His campaign positions included a "Green New Deal" platform, a "Clean Money" system for public financing of elections, ending New York's role in the national Common Core standards, and a minimum wage increase to $15 an hour from the then-current $8 an hour in New York.[41] Hawkins' running mate for Lt. Governor was New York City educator and union activist Brian Jones.[42] Hawkins and the Green Party received 184,419 votes (4.8% of the vote), which moved the Green Party up to the fourth line on state ballots for the next four years (surpassing the Working Families and Independence parties).[43]

In 2015, Hawkins ran for Syracuse City Auditor against incumbent Marty Masterpole. Hawkins noted that Masterpole had filed only two financial audits, and criticized him for auditing city skating rinks and golf courses while the city suffered from high poverty, failing infrastructure and struggling schools.[44] Former District 2 city councilor Pat Hogan suggested to Hawkins that he should run for auditor, stating, "I'm not turning Green ... I am more concerned about the city than the party. The auditor is supposed to be a watchdog on the city budgets and Marty isn't doing any watching. There's a dearth of independence in city government."[45] Hawkins lost the election, winning 35 percent of the vote.[46]

In 2017, Hawkins ran for Mayor of Syracuse as a Green Party candidate to replace outgoing mayor Stephanie Miner. One of his central campaign points was to restore the Erie Canal through Downtown Syracuse to help aide in the revitalization of the neighborhood, with the belief that 'Cities that capitalize on their waterways tend to have more vibrant downtowns[47]'. Hawkins won 4.1% of the vote (excluding write-ins) and lost to independent Ben Walsh (54,4%, excluding write-ins),[48] the first independent in the City's history.

On April 12, 2018, Hawkins announced his third run for Governor of New York on the Green Party line. Hawkins and running mate Jia Lee received 95,716 votes (1.7%).[49]

2020 presidential campaign

The 2020 presidential campaign of Howie Hawkins was informally launched on April 3, 2019 when Hawkins announced the formation of an exploratory committee. He formally announced his campaign on May 28, 2019, to seek the Green Party nomination for the presidency of the United States in the 2020 presidential election and later the Socialist Party USA.[50][51]

On October 26, 2019, Hawkins won the nomination of the Socialist Party USA in his effort to unite smaller left-wing parties together.[52] In November, Hawkins won the nomination of Solidarity.[53]

Background

In the 1980s Hawkins joined the green movement and in the early 1990s a press conference was held in Washington, D.C., that featured Charles Betz, Joni Whitmore, Hilda Mason, and Howie Hawkins to announce the formation of the Greens/Green Party USA.[54] Later in December 1999, Mike Feinstein and Hawkins wrote the Plan for a Single National Green Party which was the plan to organize the ASGP and GPUSA into a single Green Party.[55] Over the next decade he would run in multiple New York Senate and House races.[56] In 2010 he surpassed the 50,000 vote requirement to stay on the ballot in the gubernatorial election and four years later he received enough to move the Green Party line to Row D as he had taken one-third more than the Working Families Party and twice as much as the Independence Party.[57] However, in 2018 he lost 80,000 votes, but retained ballot access and was only lowered one row down to Row E.[58] In 2012 Hawkins was approached over the possibility of running for the Green Party nomination, but declined due to his employment commitments at UPS forcing him to campaign for offices in New York at most and would interfere with a national campaign.[59]

However, following Hawkins' retirement he was approached again to run by a draft movement with a public letter addressed to him that was signed by former Green vice presidential nominees Cheri Honkala and Ajamu Baraka, former Green mayoral candidate and Nader's 2008 running mate Matt Gonzalez, and other prominent Green Party members.[60]

Campaign

On April 3, 2019, Hawkins announced that he was forming an exploratory committee to prepare for a potential candidacy for the Green Party 2020 presidential nomination and later Hawkins formally launched his campaign on May 28, 2019, in Brooklyn, New York.[61][62][63]

On August 23, 2019, the Hawkins campaign announced they had met the requisite federal matching funds for California and New York.[64] The campaign must receive $5,000 from residents, with no more than $250 counted for each contribution, in at least 20 states to qualify for the funds. Only his campaign and Steve Bullock's applied for primary season matching funds.[65]

Electoral history

Data unknown for local elections prior to 2009.

2000 US House of Representatives election (NY-25)[66]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican James T. Walsh 132,120 59.99%
Independence James T. Walsh 10,512 4.77%
Conservative James T. Walsh 9,248 4.20%
Total James T. Walsh (inc.) 151,880 68.96%
Democratic Francis Gavin 64,533 29.30%
Green Howie Hawkins 3,830 1.74%
Majority 87,347 39.66%
Totals 220,243 100.00%
Republican hold
2004 US House of Representatives election (NY-25)[67]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican James T. Walsh 155,163 74.18%
Independence James T. Walsh 20,184 9.65%
Conservative James T. Walsh 13,716 6.56%
Total James T. Walsh (inc.) 189,063 90.39%
Peace and Justice Howie Hawkins 20,106 9.61%
Majority 168,957 80.78%
Totals 209,169 100.00%
Republican hold
2006 United States Senate election, New York[68]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Hillary Clinton 2,698,931
Independence Hillary Clinton 160,705
Working Families Hillary Clinton 148,792
Total Hillary Clinton (inc.) 3,008,428 67.0%
Republican John Spencer 1,212,902
Conservative John Spencer 179,287
Total John Spencer 1,392,189 31.0%
Green Howie Hawkins 55,469 1.20%
Others 33,967 0.8%
Majority 1,616,239 36.0%
Totals 4,490,053 100.00%
Democratic hold
2008 US House of Representatives election (NY-25)[69]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Dan Maffei 148,290 51.65%
Working Families Dan Maffei 9,085 3.16%
Total Dan Maffei 157,375 54.82%
Republican Dale Sweetland 106,653 37.15%
Conservative Dale Sweetland 13,564 4.72%
Total Dale Sweetland 120,217 41.87
Green Howie Hawkins 9,483 3.30%
Write-ins 24 0.01%
Majority 37,158 12.95%
Totals 287,099 100.00%
Democratic gain
2009 Syracuse common councilor election (District 4)[70]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Thomas Seals 1,529 59.17%
Green Howie Hawkins 1,055 40.83%
Majority 474 18.34%
Turnout 2,584
Democratic hold Swing
2011 Syracuse common councilor election (District 4)[71]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Khalid Bey 1,214 52.08% -7.10%
Green Howie Hawkins 1,117 47.92% +7.10%
Majority 97 4.16% -14.18%
Turnout 2,331
Democratic hold Swing
2013 Syracuse common councilor election (District 4)[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Khalid Bey (inc.) 1,471 59.65% +7.57%
Green Howie Hawkins 995 40.35% -7.57%
Majority 476 19.3% +15.14
Turnout 2,466
Democratic hold Swing
2015 Syracuse city auditor election[72]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Martin Masterpole 8,887 58.21%
Working Families Martin Masterpole 948 6.21%
Reform Martin Masterpole 153 1.00%
Total Martin Masterpole (inc.) 9,988 65.42%
Green Howie Hawkins 5,249 34.38%
Write-ins 30 0.20%
Majority 4,739 31.04%
Totals 15,267 100.00%
Democratic hold
2017 Syracuse Mayoral election[73]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Independence Benjamin Walsh 12,351 48.81%
Reform / Upstate Jobs Benjamin Walsh 1,233 4.87%
Total Benjamin Walsh 13,584 53.68%
Democratic Juanita Perez Williams 9,701 38.34%
Green Howie Hawkins 1,017 4.02%
Republican Laura Lavine 673 2.66%
Working Families Joe Nicoletti 305 1.20%
Write-ins 25 0.10%
Majority 3,883 15.34%
Totals 25,305 100.00%
Independence gain

Publications

  • Howie, Hawkins (2020). The Case For An Independent Left Party: From The Bottom Up. 

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mariani, John. "Socialists back Howie Hawkins' Green bid for governor". June 14, 2010. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2010/06/socialists_back_howie_hawkins.html. Retrieved June 15, 2010.  The Syracuse Post Standard, Monday June 14, 2010
  2. Hawkins, Howie (April 11, 2006). Independent politics : the Green Party strategy debate. Haymarket Books. ISBN 9781931859301. 
  3. "U.S. Vets Lead Civil Disobedience Action at Crestwood to Protest Seneca Lake Gas Storage" (in en). www.veteransforpeace.org. 27 January 2016. https://www.veteransforpeace.org/who-we-are/member-highlights/2016/01/27/us-vets-lead-civil-disobedience-action-crestwood-protest-sen. Retrieved 16 March 2020. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 McKinley, Jesse (19 October 2018). "0-for-23: An Undeterred Green Party Candidate on His Long Losing Streak". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/19/nyregion/howie-hawkins-green-party-governor.html. Retrieved 16 March 2020. 
  5. Baker, Chris (3 April 2019). "Syracuse’s Howie Hawkins mulls a run for president" (in en). syracuse. https://www.syracuse.com/politics/2019/04/syracuses-howie-hawkins-mulls-a-run-for-president-with-green-party.html. Retrieved 16 March 2020. 
  6. "It Ain’t Easy Being Green". Eugene Weekly. 9 January 2020. https://www.eugeneweekly.com/2020/01/09/it-aint-easy-being-green/. Retrieved 16 March 2020. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-2000-08-06-0008060178-story.html
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://photoarchive.lib.uchicago.edu/db.xqy?show=browse5.xml%7C2069
  9. 9.0 9.1 Tarleton, John (October 28, 2014). "Meet Howie Hawkins, the Anti-Cuomo". The Indypendent. http://indypendent.org/2014/10/28/meet-howie-hawkins-anti-cuomo. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  10. Biehl, Janet (22 March 2015). "The Left Green Network (1988-91)". http://www.biehlonbookchin.com/left-green-network/. Retrieved 16 November 2019. 
  11. "Official Formation of the Green Party-USA". c-span.org. https://www.c-span.org/video/?20897-1/official-formation-green-partyusa. 
  12. "The Greens/Green Party USA". Greenparty.org. https://www.greenparty.org/gatheringminutes.php. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
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  14. "Third party's profile rises". November 28, 2014. https://www.timesunion.com/local/article/Third-party-s-profile-rises-5921969.php. 
  15. Breidenbach, Michelle (November 6, 2018). "Howie Hawkins wins enough votes to keep Green Party status in NY". https://www.syracuse.com/politics/2018/11/green_party_howie_hawkins_new_york_governor_2018_election.html. Retrieved November 7, 2018. 
  16. "Why is Syracuse's Howie Hawkins running for president? 'It's hard to say no' | Eye on NY | auburnpub.com". April 10, 2019. https://auburnpub.com/blogs/eye_on_ny/why-is-syracuse-s-howie-hawkins-running-for-president-it/article_56758623-4e45-5635-859a-859f3889612b.html. 
  17. "Sign On: Greens And Allies Urge Howie Hawkins To Seek Presidential Nomination | Independent Political Report". April 2, 2019. https://independentpoliticalreport.com/2019/03/sign-on-greens-urge-howie-hawkins-to-seek-presidential-nomination/. 
  18. Pugmire, Tim (August 22, 2016). "MN ballot will show wrong Green Party veep candidate". http://blogs.mprnews.org/capitol-view/2016/08/mn-ballot-will-show-wrong-green-party-veep-candidate/. 
  19. Hawkins, Howie (1993). "Community Control, Worker’s Control and the Cooperative Commonwealth.". p. 60. http://social-ecology.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Peter.3.Cooperative_Commonwealth.pdf. 
  20. Dunn, Brendan Maslauskas. "Howie Hawkins for 4th District Councilor - Interview by Brendan Maslauskas Dunn". http://howiehawkins.com/2010/index.php/interviews/399-interview-by-brendan-maslauskas-dunn. Retrieved 17 November 2019. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Hawkins, Howie. "The case for an independent Left party" (in en). https://isreview.org/issue/107/case-independent-left-party. Retrieved 17 November 2019. 
  22. Stewart, Andrew (November 29, 2018). "Sorry Democrats, the Green Party Came Up With the Green New Deal!". Counter Punch. Archived on 2019-04-16. Error: If you specify |archivedate=, you must also specify |archiveurl=. https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/11/29/sorry-democrats-the-green-party-came-up-with-the-green-new-deal/. 
  23. Atkin, Emily (February 22, 2019). "The Democrats Stole the Green Party's Best Idea". The New Republic. Archived on 2019-03-01. Error: If you specify |archivedate=, you must also specify |archiveurl=. https://newrepublic.com/article/153127/democrats-stole-green-partys-best-idea. 
  24. Schroeder, Robert (February 12, 2019). "The 'Green New Deal' isn't really that new". Market Watch. Archived on 2019-04-16. Error: If you specify |archivedate=, you must also specify |archiveurl=. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/the-green-new-deal-isnt-really-that-new-2019-02-11. 
  25. "C:\Documents and Settings\hhardwick\Desktop\WEBSITE\EOU\2006 STATEWIDE JD GOV BY AD.qpw". https://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/elections/2006/general/2006_ussen.pdf. Retrieved 2019-04-05. 
  26. "Results". 2008. https://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/elections/2008/General/USCongress08.pdf. 
  27. Katz, Celeste Katz, Celeste (May 22, 2010). "Green Party's Howie Hawkins Weighs In On Cuomo". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on May 24, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100524020740/http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/dailypolitics/2010/05/green-partys-howie-hawkins-wei.html. Retrieved July 4, 2010.  The New York Daily News, May 22, 2010
  28. "Election 2010: Election Results". The New York Times. http://elections.nytimes.com/2010/results/new-york. Retrieved November 3, 2010.  The New York Times
  29. Mariani, John "Howie Hawkins' votes for governor boost Green Party's ballot status". November 3, 2010. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2010/11/hawkins_votes_for_governor_boo.html. Retrieved November 3, 2010.  The Post Standard, November 3, 2010
  30. Green Party certified as ballot qualified Party in NY; elects statewide officers Archived December 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. GPNY.org
  31. "Howie Hawkins to run for Syracuse Common Council". September 12, 2011. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2011/09/howie_hawkins_to_run_for_syrac.html. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  32. "Howie Hawkins: Perennial power to the people". October 7, 2011. http://www.eaglenewsonline.com/news/2011/oct/07/howie-hawkins-perennial-power-people/. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  33. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". http://www.howiehawkins.com/2011/index.php/endorsements. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  34. "Our Endorsements: Syracuse Common Council". November 2011. http://blog.syracuse.com/opinion/2011/11/our_endorsements_syracuse_comm.html. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  35. "Syracuse city council race pits familiar face against party favorite". October 27, 2011. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2011/10/syracuse_city_council_race_pit.html#comments. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
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  37. "Green Party's Howie Hawkins announces race for 4th District Syracuse city council in live chat". May 20, 2013. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/05/live_qa_with_the_green_partys.html. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  38. Delaney, Ryan (Oct 17, 2013). "Greens call for more state aid and local income tax". wrvo.org. http://wrvo.org/post/greens-call-more-state-aid-and-local-income-tax. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  39. Knauss, Tim (Oct 16, 2013). "Syracuse Green Party candidates tout higher state aid, city income tax". syracuse.com. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/10/syracuse_green_party_candidates_tout_higher_state_aid_city_income_tax.html. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  40. 40.0 40.1 Knaus, Tim (November 5, 2013) "Two new faces to join Syracuse Common Council, if results hold." Syracuse Post-Standard. (Retrieved Mar 24, 2013.)
  41. Gormley, Michael (April 9, 2014). "Green Party candidate for NY governor calls for $15-an-hour minimum wage". newsday.com. http://www.newsday.com/long-island/politics/spin-cycle-newsday-blogs-long-island-new-york-national-politics-1.812042/green-party-candidate-for-ny-governor-calls-for-15-an-hour-minimum-wage-1.7655298?. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  42. Moody, Richard "Green party solidifies ticket". http://www.legislativegazette.com/Articles-Top-Stories-c-2014-05-27-88072.113122-Green-party-solidifies-ticket.html.  legislativegazette.com| accessdate=May 27, 2014
  43. "Results". 2014. http://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/elections/2014/general/2014Governor.pdf. 
  44. Knauss, Tim "Race for Syracuse city auditor heats up: Are 4 audits a year enough?". October 9, 2015. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2015/10/race_for_syracuse_city_auditor_heats_up_are_4_audits_a_year_enough.html.  Syracuse.com , October 9, 2015
  45. Shepperd, Walt "Green Wants to Watch City's Greenbacks". October 14, 2015. http://www.syracusenewtimes.com/green-wants-to-watch-citys-greenbacks/.  Syracuse New Times , October 14, 2015
  46. O'Brien, John (November 3, 2015) "Syracuse auditor: Marty Masterpole beats Howie Hawkins." Syracuse.com. (Retrieved 11-15-2015).
  47. "Let's bring back the Erie Canal: 5 policies Howie Hawkins proposes to fix Syracuse" (in en). 2017-10-31. https://www.syracuse.com/news/2017/10/5_novel_policies_howie_hawkins_thinks_will_fix_a_broken_syracuse.html. 
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External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
none
Green Party Candidate for New York State Comptroller
1998 and 2002
Succeeded by
Julia Willebrand
Preceded by
David McReynolds
Green Party Candidate for United States Senator from New York
2006
Succeeded by
Cecile Lawrence
Preceded by
Malachy McCourt
Green Party Candidate for New York State Governor
2010, 2014, 2018
Succeeded by
most recent

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