Military Wiki
Homer Martin Adkins
32nd Governor of Arkansas

In office
January 14, 1941 – January 9, 1945
Lieutenant Robert L. Bailey
James L. Shaver
Preceded by Carl Edward Bailey
Succeeded by Benjamin Travis Laney
Personal details
Born (1890-10-15)October 15, 1890
Jacksonville, Arkansas, U.S.
Died February 26, 1964(1964-02-26) (aged 73)
Malvern, Arkansas, U.S.
Resting place Roselawn Memorial Park in Little Rock, Arkansas
Political party Democratic
Alma mater
  • Draughon's Business College
  • Little Rock College of Pharmacy
Profession Pharmacist
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Rank Captain of the Medical Corps
Battles/wars World War I

Homer Martin Adkins (October 15, 1890 – February 26, 1964) was the 32nd governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas. Prior to his public service as Governor of Arkansas, he had a career as a pharmacist, salesman, and military officer.

Early life and education

He was born near Jacksonville in Pulaski County. In 1908, he attended Draughon's Business College and graduated from the Little Rock College of Pharmacy in 1911 as a licensed pharmacist.[1]


Adkins served in the United States Army during World War I as a captain in the Medical Corps.[1] Adkins served one term as sheriff of Pulaski County and was the collector of internal revenue from 1933 to 1940, when he was first elected as governor.[1]

In the 1940 general election, Adkins defeated the Republican Harley C. Stump, the mayor of Stuttgart and a leader of the Arkansas Municipal League, 91.8 to 8.2 percent. In that campaign Stump claimed the employees of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration were underpaid. Adkins was unopposed in the 1942 general election for his second term.[1]

Adkins was a member of the Ku Klux Klan, whose support was important in obtaining his first political victory, and its racist views remained a hallmark of his political career.[2]

Adkins sought to build a voting base based on his background as a Methodist Sunday school teacher and church employee. His detractors often referred to him as "Holy Homer." He campaigned on a platform of reform and ending the practice of bootlegging.[citation needed]

The Adkins administration presided over a doubling of the surplus in the state's treasury. His administration focused on highway construction and financing, electrification, and worker's compensation.[citation needed]

In his second term, Adkins signed into law a bill that would prevent anyone of Japanese descent from owning land in Arkansas. Looking for a new challenge, he was defeated in 1944 in a bid for the U.S. Senate. He opposed Senator Hattie Caraway and the freshman U.S. Representative J. William Fulbright of Fayetteville. Mrs. Caraway finished third, with Fulbright later winning the Democratic runoff against Adkins. Fulbright then claimned the Senate seat when he defeated the Republican Victor Wade of Batesville, 85.1 to 14.9 percent.[citation needed]

In 1948, Adkins was appointed administrator of the Arkansas Employment Security Division, the agency responsible for worker's unemployment insurance.[citation needed]

In 1954, Adkins strongly supported the Democrat Orval Faubus in the gubernatorial general election against Pratt C. Remmel, the Republican mayor of Little Rock.[citation needed]

In 1956, he established a public relations firm in Little Rock.[citation needed]

Death and legacy

Adkins died in 1964 in Malvern, Arkansas.[1] He is interred at the Roselawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Little Rock.

See also

  • List of Governors of Arkansas


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. P. 4 ISBN 0837932017 OCLC 657162692
  2. [1]
Political offices
Preceded by
Carl Edward Bailey
Governor of Arkansas
Succeeded by
Benjamin Travis Laney

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