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Hercule-class ship of the line
the Tage
Model workshop of Brest arsenal for the Tage, circa 1847
Class overview
Name: Hercule
Builders: Toulon, Brest
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Suffren class
Succeeded by: Napoléon class
Algésiras class
Completed: 13
Cancelled: 2
General characteristics
Class & type: Hercule class
Displacement: 4440 tonnes
Length: 62.50 m (205 ft 1 in)
Beam: 16.20 m (53 ft 2 in)
Draught: 8.23 m (27 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 3,150 m2 (33,900 sq ft) of sails
Complement: 955 men
Armament:
  • 100 guns, including:
  • 32 × long 30-pounders (lower deck)
  • 30 × short 30-pounders (middle deck)
  • 30 × 30-pounder carronades (upper deck)
  • 4 × long 18-pounders (upper deck)
Armour: Timber

The Hercule class was a late type of 100-gun ships of the line of the French Navy. While the first units were classical straight-walled ships of the line, next ones were gradually converted to steam, and the last one was built with an engine.

Design

The Hercule class evolved as an enlargement of the straight-walled, 90-gun Suffren class, suggested by Jean Tupinier.[1]

With the Henry IV, a rounded stern was introduced. The next ships were built with the rounded stern, and it was retrofitted on the early units of the class.

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  • Henry IV
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  • Fleurus
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  • Dugay Trouin
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References

  1. Roberts, Stephen S. (2011). "Hercule-class sail ship of the line (2nd class, 100 guns)". shipscribe.com. http://www.shipscribe.com/marvap/112a.pdf. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  • Jean-Michel Roche, Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, tome I

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