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Henry Washington Hilliard (August 4, 1808 – December 17, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Alabama.

Early life

Hilliard was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina and was graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1826. While at South Carolina College, he was active in the Euphradian Society.[1] He studied law and moved to Athens, Georgia, where he was admitted to the bar in 1829. He was a professor in the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa from 1831 to 1834, when he resigned to practice law in Montgomery, Alabama.

He served as member of the state house of representatives 1836-1838, as member of the Whig National Convention at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1839, Whig presidential elector in 1840 and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Twenty-seventh Congress in 1840. He was chargé d'affaires to Belgium from May 12, 1842, to August 15, 1844. Hilliard was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-first Congresses (March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1851) but he was not a candidate for renomination in 1850.

In 1856, he served as presidential elector on the National American ticket.

Civil War service

During the Civil War, he served as colonel in the Confederate States Army.

Hilliard's Legion was organized at Montgomery, Alabama in June, 1862, and consisted of five battalions; one of these, a mounted battalion, was early detached and became part of the Tenth Confederate cavalry. The Legion proceeded to Montgomery nearly 3,000 strong, under the command of Col. H. W. Hilliard, and was placed in McCown's Brigade. It took part in the siege of Cumberland Gap, and spent the fall and winter in Kentucky and east Tennessee.


He moved to Augusta, Georgia, in 1865 and resumed the practice of his profession. He was appointed by Jefferson Davis Confederate commissioner to Tennessee. He was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for election in 1876 to the Forty-fifth Congress.

He resumed the practice of law in Augusta, Georgia, moving later to Atlanta. He was Minister to Brazil 1877-1881.

He died in Atlanta, Georgia, December 17, 1892 and was interred in Oakwood Cemetery, Montgomery, Alabama.

See also


  1. Durham, David. A Southern moderate in radical times: Henry Washington Hilliard, 1808-1892 (Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2008), 13-14.
  • Henry Washington Hilliard at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2009-04-16
  • This article incorporates facts obtained from: Lawrence Kestenbaum. "The Political Graveyard". 
  • Durham, David R. (2008). A Southern Moderate in Radical Times: Henry Washington Hilliard, 1808-1892. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8071-3328-6
  • Evans, Clement A. ed., Confederate Military History, Vol. VII, p. 234, Confederate Pub. Co., Atlanta, 1899.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Edwin Belser
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1845-March 3, 1851
Succeeded by
James Abercrombie
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
James R. Partridge
United States Minister to Brazil
October 23, 1877–June 15, 1881
Succeeded by
Thomas A. Osborn

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

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