Henry J. Reilly (1881–1963) was an American soldier and journalist. The son of an artillery officer who died in the 1900 Battle of Peking, Reilly graduated from West Point in 1904. During World War I, he commanded the 83rd Infantry Brigade of the 42nd ("Rainbow") Division in combat in France. After the war, he edited the Army and Navy Journal from 1921 to 1925. He wrote several books, including Why Preparedness? (1916), based on what he had seen on Europe's eastern and western fronts in 1914 and 1915; America's Part (1926); and Americans All: History of the Rainbow Division (1936), which described the division's military actions, including stories about soldiers and officers from private to general.
Reilly became well known as a speaker on military affairs. He served as a war correspondent, covering conflicts in Poland, Spain, Albania, and France. In 1922, he helped found the Reserve Officers Association and served as its first president. Today, the association has a scholarship named after him.
He was an avid reader whose library is now part of the collection of the Pritzker Military Library in Chicago, Illinois.
- "THE MACHINE GUN PLATOON: IT SHOULD BE RETAINED AS A PART OF THE REGIMENTAL ORGANIZATION By Second Lieutenant HENRY J REILLY Thirteenth Cavalry Commanding Machine Gun Platoon", an article in the Journal of the United States Cavalry Association, Volume 19 (1908).
- Patterson, Michael Robert (25 December 2007). "Henry Joseph Reilly Captain, United States Army Artillery". arlingtoncemetery.net. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/henryjre.htm. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- Richard J. Sommers and Clifton P. Hyatt, U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (March 14, 2011). "THE LAST SOLDIERS -- THE LASTING SOLDIERS". U.S. Army. http://www.army.mil/article/53210/_quot_THE_LAST_SOLDIERS____THE_LASTING_SOLDIERS_quot__/. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "PEACE or WAR! WHAT NEXT? WHY?". Promotional flyer by Reilly's booking agent. CLARK H. GETTS, Inc.. 1939. http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/tc/id/51715/rec/3. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "Henry J. Reilly Memorial Scholarship". Reserve Officers Association of the United States. http://www.roa.org/site/PageServer?pagename=reilly_scholarship. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- Young, Robert J. (2000). Under Siege: Portraits Of Civilian Life In France During World War I. Berghahn Books. p. 179. http://books.google.com/books?id=620pDL19VrIC&pg=PA179&lpg=PA179&dq=%22Henry+J.+Reilly%22+Army+Navy+journal&source=bl&ots=9J8kb7vNti&sig=dklyPAcQTehQddmxhYbgSIClvHA&hl=en&ei=d1RqToD2Manj0QG2mYmGBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CEYQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=%22Henry%20J.%20Reilly%22%20Army%20Navy%20journal&f=false. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
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