Military Wiki
Henry Brewerton
Born (1801-09-25)September 25, 1801
Died April 17, 1879(1879-04-17) (aged 77)
Place of birth New York City, New York
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1819 - 1867
Rank Colonel
Brevet Brigadier General
Commands held Superintendent, United States Military Academy
Battles/wars American Civil War

Henry Brewerton (September 25, 1801 – April 17, 1879) was a career engineering officer in the United States Army, serving as the Superintendent of the United States Military Academy and then as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and career

Henry Brewerton was born in New York City, New York. He lost his parents at a very early age, but, under the guardianship of Daniel D. Tompkins, entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He graduated on July 1, 1819, 5th in a class of 29 cadets and was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant the same day. He was not yet 18 years old at the time of his commencement.[1][2] After a brief tour at Rouses Point helping to survey and establish the 45th parallel along the border between the United States and Canada, Brewerton taught engineering at the academy. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on January 1, 1825, and to captain on September 21, 1836.

He later worked as an engineer on seacoast defenses and on the construction of the National Road in Ohio. He returned to West Point as superintendent of the military academy in 1845. Replaced in 1852 by Robert E. Lee, Brewerton was promoted to major of engineers on August 23, 1856, after almost 19 years in the rank of captain.[3]

Civil War service

At the outset of the conflict in April 1861, Brewerton was on an extended tour of Western Europe, Greece, Palestine, and Egypt, escorted by Zealous B. Tower. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, on August 6, 1861, Brewerton was thereafter superintending engineer of the fortifications and improvements of Baltimore Harbor, Fort Monroe, and Hampton Roads. He was promoted to colonel on April 22, 1864, and was Breveted as a brigadier general of engineers at the war's close. Brewerton retired on March 7, 1867, after more than 47 years active service, not including his almost 6 years as a cadet at West Point. He spent his last years in Delaware.

Brewerton is buried at the Island Cemetery in Newport, Rhode Island.

His son George Douglas Brewerton was a noted painter, poet, and journalist.

See also


  1. Boatner, p. 84.
  2. United States Military Academy Association of Graduates' Annual Report of 1879.
  3. USMA AoG Annual Report of 1879


  • Mark Mayo Boatner (1988-08-19). The Civil War dictionary. Crown Business. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Richard Delafield
Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
1845 - 1852
Succeeded by
Robert E. Lee

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).