|Manufacturer||Egyptian General Aero Organisation|
|First flight||7 March 1964|
|Primary user||Egyptian Air Force|
|Number built||3 prototypes|
|Program cost||EGP 135 million (EGP 14 billion in 2009 values)|
At various stages, Spain and India were also involved in the development program, where Spain accepted to finance the two projects HA-200 and HA-300, but it cancelled financing the HA-300 project before it had begun when it was just on paper, then Egypt financed it, and the program transformed to Egypt where every part was built.
At a late stage India financed the Egyptian development of the Egyptian E-300 engine in order to use it on the Indian fighter jet HF-24 Marut.
The HA-300 was an ambitious project for Egypt, at the time seeking to expand both its civilian and defense aviation industry.
There were three prototypes built before termination of the project in 1969 when the fighter jet was about to enter service.
The first prototype was restored in 1991 and is now located in the Deutsches Museum in Munich (Flugwerft Schleißheim).
Design and development
After World War II, Willy Messerschmitt (as a German citizen) was prohibited from undertaking any research or development related to the German military, including the manufacture of aircraft, until 1955. He therefore moved to Spain where he joined Hispano Aviación and started designing an ultra light fighter aircraft in 1951. The development was very slow and Messerschmitt was only able to build a delta shaped plywood glider without a tail. Towed by a CASA 2.111, the test flight for the glider wasn't completed due to instability and the airplane didn't even get airborne. Due to funding problems and the resultant long development time, the project was abandoned by the Spanish in 1960.
The design was then acquired by Egypt and the design team, headed by Messerschmitt, moved to Helwan, Egypt, to continue their work on the HA-300, which now stood for Helwan Aircraft 300. Ferdinand Brandner, an Austrian jet engine expert, was also invited to develop a turbojet for the new fighter. Egypt aimed to produce a lightweight supersonic, single-seat fighter which could join the Egyptian Air Force as an interceptor.
Development of the Egyptian HA-300 started in the test facilities and workshops in Factory No. 36 in Helwan, southeast of Cairo, under the supervision of the Egyptian General Aero Organisation (EGAO), officially the program started in 1959.
The first prototype of the HA-300, powered by a 2,200 kgp Orpheus Mk 703-S-10, first flew on 7 March 1964, and achieved Mach 1.13. Egypt sent two Egyptian pilots to India in 1964 to prepare for the HA-300 flight development. It was followed by a second Orpheus-powered prototype which first flew on 22 July 1965. The third and last prototype was fitted with the Egyptian E-300 engine, which it was hoped would make it capable of attaining 12,000 m and Mach 2.0 within 2.5 min of takeoff. This prototype was flight-tested at least one time when it achieved speed 2.1 Mach with the Egyptian Brandner E-300 engine.
A total of 135 million Egyptian pounds was spent on the development, and the E-300 engine was given to the Indian government for use in the HF-24 Marut fighter.
The HA-300 was originally designed for the afterburning Orpheus BOR 12 turbojet, but the engine did not achieve the minimum level of success Egypt required in the fighter jet, and president Nasser saw from the beginning a major threat to the national security in depending on British engine, because of the hostility that time between Egypt and Great Britain after the 1956 war suez crisis.
The fighter jet was then modified for the Egyptian Brandner E-300 engine, which would have an afterburning rating of 4,800 kgp, which achieved high level of performance.
After the Six-Day War defeat, Egypt needed most of its military budget for acquiring new tanks, artillery, TU-16 heavy bombers, aircraft and air defenses and so, due to this and the Soviet pressure to stop the program to prevent the HA-300 to win the challenge against the Soviet Mig-21, the high availability of Russian fighters with Soviet pilots, the special discounts for arms sales to Egypt, the Egyptian government terminated the project finally in May 1969.
The first HA-300 prototype was bought by Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG (DASA) in 1991 and was airlifted to Germany for restoration at Manching. The process took MBB five and a half years to complete and today the HA-300 is in the Deutsches Museum Flugwerft Schleissheim at Oberschleißheim near Munich. The second prototype is on display at the aviation museum at Al-maza Egyptian Air Force Base in Cairo away from public view, and the third,the first E-300 powered pre-production variant,is on display at the Helwan factory in Egypt.
- Crew: 1 (pilot)
- Length: 12.4 m (40 ft 8 in)
- Wingspan: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
- Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 16.7 m2 (180 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 3,200 kg (7,055 lb)
- Gross weight: 5,443 kg (12,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Orpheus 703 or Brandner E-300 turbojet, 21.6 kN (4,900 lbf) thrust (Orpheus)
- Maximum speed: Mach 2.1 with Brandner E-300 engine , 1.7 Bristol Orpheus engine.
- Combat range: 1,400 km (870 mi; 756 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,055 ft)
- Rate of climb: 203 m/s (40,000 ft/min)
- Guns: Two 30mm Hispano or four 23mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-23 cannon
- Missiles: Four infrared homing air-to-air missiles
- Group Captain Kapil Bhargava. "Messerschmitt's HA-300 and its Indian Connection". MEMOIRS. Indian Air Force. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/1960s/Kapil-HA300.html. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Hispano Aviácion HA 300". EADS N.V.. 2008-07-20. http://www.eads.net/1024/en/eads/history/airhist/1950_1959/ha300_1953/ha300_1953.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Ace (2006-12-10). "The Egyptian Helwan HA - 300". Aviationfans. http://www.aviationfans.com/node/4. Retrieved 2008-08-08. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "History" defined multiple times with different content
- Mohamed Bahaa (2007-11-28). "Helwan-300: The Egyptian Interceptor Project". Aviation Articles. www.e-sac.org. http://www.e-sac.org/articles/scripts/article.php?id=13&tit=Helwan-300%3A+The+Egyptian+Interceptor+Project&cat=avart. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Group Captain Kapil Bhargava. "Eyewitness to the Six-Day War". The Sixties. Indian Air Force. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/1960s/Six-Day.html. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- "Helwan HA-300". FLUG REVUE. 1998-07-14. http://www.flug-revue.rotor.com/FRTYPEN/FRHA-300.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
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