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753 BC – AD 476
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Hasta is a Latin word meaning spear. Hastae were carried by early Roman Legionaries, in particular they were carried by and gave their name to those Roman soldiers known as Hastati. However, during Republican times, the hastati were re-armed with pila and gladii and the hasta was only retained by the triarii.
A hasta was about six and one-half feet (2 m) in length, with a shaft generally made from ash, while the head was of iron.
The Hasta pura was a spear without iron – presumably without the iron tip that was used in combat, or with the tip made of another material – that was awarded as a military decoration.
A hasta was also used as a sign that would be conventionally understood in Roman culture as announcing an auction. Hence, an auction was called hasta and an auction-room a hastarium.
The Latin word hasta passed in modified form and/or meaning into several Romance languages (Portuguese, Spanish, Italian) and also into Albanian (heshtë, "spear").
- Ovid. F. 2, 560
- Lewis & Short (1879). A Latin Dictionary. Perseus Project: Clarendon Press. pp. entry 'hasta'. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/morph?l=hasta&la=la&prior=Hastas&d=Perseus:text:1999.02.0126:chapter=85&i=1#Perseus:text:1999.04.0059:entry=hasta-contents.
- Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 38; 3, 3, 24
- Rev. John Selby Watson, M.A. (1899). Sallust. The Jugurthine War.. Perseus project: Harper & Brothers.. pp. Footnotes to Sal. Jug. 85. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.02.0126:chapter=85&highlight=pura.
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