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Hasan Rıza
Pasha
Hasan Rıza Pasha
Born 1871
Died 30 January 1913
Place of birth Baghdad, Ottoman Empire
Place of death Shkodër, Ottoman Empire
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Service/branch  Ottoman Empire Army
Rank general
Battles/wars Siege of Shkodër
Relations Mehmed Namık Pasha (father)

Hasan Rıza Pasha (1871 – 30 January 1913) was a general in the Ottoman Army. He was of Albanian origin. The son of the distinguished Ottoman statesman Mehmed Namık Pasha, he was born in Baghdad. He entered the Ottoman Military Academy in 1892 and graduated on March 13, 1895. He continued his studies in Germany (1899–1900). After serving in Iraq (1901–-1911) he was promoted to the rank of General and assigned as wali of Shkodër.[1]

He was the main commander during the Siege of Shkodër and became the symbol of resistance against the Montenegrin invasion. He did his utmost to defend the town, stating "Shkodra is our fate or our grave, but not our shame".[1] He was shot dead by Osman Bali and Mehmet Kavaja,[2] two Albanians who were servants of Essad Pasha,[3] on 30 January 1913.[4] Soon after, Essad Pasha would hand the town over to the Montenegrins.

A Turkish-Albanian college in Shkoder bears his name. He got decorated for "First Class Bravery" (Albanian language: "Trimëri e Klasit të Parë) in August 1996, bu Albanian President Sali Berisha.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert Elsie (2012). "A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History". I. B. Tauris. p. 192. ISBN 978-1780764313. https://books.google.com/books?id=pgf6GWJxuZgC&pg=PA192. 
  2. Vickers, Door Miranda (1999). The Albanians: A Modern History. https://books.google.com/books?id=IzI0uOZ2j6gC&pg=PA72. 
  3. Ulli, Prenk (1995). Hasan Riza Pasha: Mbrojtës i Shkodrës në Luftën Ballkanike, 1912-1913. Shkodër, Albania: Albin. pp. 34–40. https://books.google.com/books?id=ccUzHAAACAAJ&dq=Hasan+Riza+Pasha&hl=en&ei=lx32TfXBGomZOuzuiLYH&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  4. "Hasan Riza Pasha", in A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History, Robert Elsie, ed. (I.B. Tauris, 2012) p.193
  5. "Shkodra përkujtoi Hasan Riza Pashën" (in Albanian). Shkodra commemorates Hasan Riza Pasha. lajmeshqip.com. 2011-03-18. http://www.lajmeshqip.com/kultura/shkodra-perkujtoi-hasan-riza-pashen. Retrieved 2014-12-06. 

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