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Hassan Bagheri
Birth name Gholamhossein Afshordi
Nickname Hassan Bagheri
Born March 16, 1956
Died January 29, 1983(1983-01-29) (aged 26)
Place of birth Tabriz, Iran
Place of death Fakeh, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Allegiance Iran
Service/branch Islamic Revolution Committees
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Years of service 1979–1983
Commands held Nasr HQ
Karballa HQ
South HQ

Hasan Bagheri (Persian: حسن باقری‎, March 16, 1956 – January 29, 1983) with true name of Gholamhosayn Afshordi was the young commander of Iran in Iran-Iraq wartime.He was the founder of the intelligence department of IRGC and was its first ground force commander. Before the revolution he was a law student and After the revolution he became a reporter but accidentally joined IRGC for intelligence analysing then became a key military strategist of IRGC during 2 years.He is the older brother of General Mohammad Bagheri , the chief of staff of the Armed forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

He played an important role as headquarters commander of Nasr and Karballa for success of Iranian forces in Operation Ramadan and Operation Fath ol-Mobin. His role also was significantly important in Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas and The Liberation of Khorramshahr.

He was admitted in Tehran University in law and work for Jomhuri Eslami newspaper as a reporter. Hasan Bagheri was his nickname as he began his activities in the army intelligence department. Major-General Bagheri passed the levels of growth and excellence so quickly that his name was recorded as the Genius and top strategist in the history of the Imposed War.

He was deputy commander of Ground Forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps when he was killed. Bagheri was killed at the age of 26.

Birth and early life

He was born on March 16, 1956 in Tehran. His birthday coincided with the birthday of Imam Husayn ibn Ali and on that day, he was born very thin and weak so for the honor and glory of Imam Husayn he was named Gholamhosayn. After having several dangerous diseases such as diphtheria and pertussis, he was saved from the threat of these diseases and the risk to be left behind. His family took him to visit the Imam Husayn Shrine at the age of two. He ended the primary school in Motarjem-ol-Dole school and secondary school in Marvi high school. during which, in addition to doing religious activities, he took advantage of Mohammad Beheshti lectures.[1]

Before the Iranian Revolution

after graduating in mathematics in 1974, he began his studies at the Faculty of Agriculture in Urmia. In addition to conducting regular studies on Islamic issues during these days, he pursued his religious activities by lecturing to students and instituting classes on the principles of school students and repeatedly denigrating some Western scholars who denied Islamic culture. And they promoted decadent Western manifestations, debated them, and exposed the nature of westernized culture and elements. Therefore, as a religious and active element, he had raised the sensitivity of university officials and guards, eventually being expelled from the university after a year and a half of study. In 1977 he started the military service and was sent to Ilam when he passed the training period in Naqadeh. In there, he had communication with Clergymen of the city including Sayyed Yad-ol-allah Sadri, Imam of Friday prayer and took him news from the garrison. In 1979 he used the negligence of the officers and escaped from the military service in following Ruhollah Khomeini's command who ordered soldiers to flee from garrisons. He participated significantly in the activities of the welcoming committee on the arrival of Imam Khomeini in Iran and because of military training he had, his family members and friends and he played a sensible role in the occupation the police station 14 and Garrison Eshratabad in Tehran.[2]

After the Iranian Revolution

He worked for Islamic Revolution Committee and some other institutions until June 1979. He decided to study in human sciences after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in March 1979, and after two weeks studying he was admitted in Tehran University in law. Alongside the education, he began to work for Jomhuri Eslami newspaper as a reporter. During which time he traveled to Lebanon and Jordan for 15 days on behalf of that newspaper at the invitation of the Amal Movement. He provided a comprehensive analytical report about the abnormal situation of Muslims in the region.

He was hired at the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in 1980. He chose Hasan Bagheri as his nickname when he began his activities in the army intelligence department.[3]

Bagheri's role in Iran–Iraq War

Bagheri had important roles in Iran–Iraq War, including:

  • Founder of intelligence of war operations,
  • Establishing the war document archives,
  • Founder of regions identification, interrogation of prisoners, surveillance and translation of documents,
  • Forming IRGC war room,
  • Forming the IRGC combat organization,
  • Providing detailed military maps,
  • Commander of Operation Samen-ol-A'emeh in darkhoveyn region,
  • Deputy commander of Operation Tariq al-Qods,
  • Commander of Nasr headquarters in Operation Fath ol-Mobin, Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas and Operation Ramadan,
  • Commander of Karballa headquarters in operation Moharram,
  • Commander of south headquarters in 1982,
  • Main member of operations designing team.[4]


Bagheri passed the levels of growth and excellence so quickly that his name was recorded as the top strategist in the history of the Iran–Iraq War. When he took the burden of commanding IRGC's operations and intelligence he was just 26.[1] On January 29, 1983 Majid Baghaie and him were hit by mortar fire in the watch trench and he was killed, while they were studying the enemy's area. Bagheri was 26 when he died. He is buried in the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran.[5]

See also


External links

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