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Harold Huglin
Born (1906-09-22)22 September 1906
Died 24 November 1975(1975-11-24) (aged 69)
Place of birth Fairfield, Iowa, US
Place of death St Petersburg, Florida, US
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States
Service/branch US Department of the Army seal.png United States Army
Seal of the U.S. Department of the Air Force.png United States Air Force
Years of service 1929–1959
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General
Service number O-17548
Commands held
Battles/wars World War II:Template:Bulleted list
Awards

Harold Quiskey Huglin (22 September 1906 – 24 November 1975) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force general who served in World War II.

A 1929 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, Huglin was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery. He applied for pilot training, and transferred to the United States Army Air Corps in 1931. He flew air mail routes when the Army was called upon to deliver air mail in 1934. During World War II he served in Europe with the Eighth Air Force. He commanded the 100th Bombardment Group, 13th Combat Bombardment Wing, 4th Combat Bombardment Wing and 92nd Bombardment Wing, and flew nine combat missions, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross for leading one on Magdeburg in August 1944. After the war he served on the staff of the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, in the Pacific with the Military Air Transport Service, and in Washington, DC, in the Office of Defense Mobilization.

Early life

Harold Quiskey Huglin was born in Fairfield, Iowa, on 22 September 1906, He was the eldest of three sons of John Albert Huglin, a lawyer, and his wife Clara Lenore née Porter.[1] His two younger brothers, Harvey Porter and Henry Charles Huglin, also went to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, and also joined the United States Air Force.[2][3] His paternal grandfather, Carl Alexander Quiskey, had served in the British Army before emigrating to the United States and had changed his name to Huglin when he enlisted in the United States Army during the American Civil War.[2] Huglin attended Parsons College for a year before he entered West Point on 1 July 1925.[1] He graduated on 13 June 1929, ranked 56th in his class, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery. He was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 16th Field Artillery Regiment, at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.[4][5]

Huglin volunteered for pilot training, and was a student officer at the Air Corps Primary Flying School at Randolph Field, Texas, from 1 July 1930 to 28 February 1931. He then attended the Air Corps Advanced Flying School at Kelly Field, Texas,[5] from which he graduated on 13 October, rated as an Airplane Pilot and Airplane Observer. He was stationed at Langley Field, Virginia, with the 49th Bombardment Squadron, and formally transferred to the United States Army Air Corps on 22 December 1931. He became the assistant operations officer of the 2nd Bombardment Group until 31 August 1932, when he assumed command of a flight of the 16th Observation Squadron, also based there. When the Army was called upon to deliver air mail, he flew air mail routes from Miami, Florida, to Richmond, Virginia, and from Jacksonville, Florida, to Washington, DC, between February and April 1934. He was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant on 1 October 1934.[6]

In June 1935, he was posted to Nichols Field in the Philippines, where he served with the 2nd Observation Squadron.[6] He married Florence Fuqua from Roanoke, Virginia, in 1936;[1] she travelled to the Philippines for the wedding.[2] They had a daughter, Judith, and two sons, Robin and John, but later divorced.[1] On returning to United States, he joined the 32nd Bombardment Squadron at March Field, California. From 1 June to 26 August 1939, he was a student at the Air Corps Tactical School. While there he was promoted to captain on 13 June 1939. After graduation, he became the Materiel Officer of the 3rd Attack Group at Barksdale Field, Louisiana.[6]

World War II

Huglin commanded the 90th Bombardment Squadron from 1 June to 16 December. It was initially based at Barksdale Field, but moved to Army Air Base Savannah on 6 October.[6] He was the assistant operations officer of the 3d Bombardment Group, with the rank of major from 15 March 1941. On 1 September 1941, he became the assistant G-3 (operations officer) at GHQ Air Force at Bolling Field in Washington, DC. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 5 January 1942 and colonel on 1 March 1942.[7] He became the chief of the Training Division in the Directorate of Bombardment at Air Corps headquarters in Washington, DC, in March 1942.[4]

In February 1943, Huglin went to England, where he was the Assistant Chief Of Staff, A-3, of the 3rd Bombardment Wing. He commanded the 100th Bombardment Group from 6 June to 2 July 1943. He was Chief of Staff of the 13th Combat Bombardment Wing from 14 to 24 September 1943, and commanded it from 25 September to 1 December 1943. He then commanded the 4th Combat Bombardment Wing from 2 December 1943 to 25 January 1944, the 92nd Bombardment Wing from 26 January to 19 November 1944, and the 13th Combat Bomb Wing again from 20 November 1944 to 17 July 1945. He was promoted to brigadier general on 23 January 1945.[4] For his service in Europe with the Eighth Air Force, during which he flew nine combat missions,[8] he was awarded the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Bronze Star Medal, the Air Medal and the Commendation Ribbon with two oak leaf clusters.[4] His citation for the Distinguished Flying Cross read:

For extraordinary achievement while serving as Commander in the Air of a Wing of B-17 aircraft on a heavy bombardment mission against the enemy over Germany, 5 August 1944. The Target on this very deep penetration into enemy territory was an important aircraft and motor works plant at Magdeburg, Germany. Under Colonel Huglin's efficient direction, wing assembly was made and a superior formation maintained throughout the mission. Intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire was encountered over Magdeburg, but despite this and the added difficulty of clouds obscuring the target, Colonel Huglin led his formation directly to the target. The success obtained on this operation was largely due to the superb leadership of Colonel Huglin. His action on this occasion reflects the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.[8]

Post-war

Huglin was the deputy commander of the 3rd Air Division from 18 July to 12 November 1945. He was deputy chief of staff of U.S. Air Forces in Europe at Wiesbaden Air Base in Germany from 13 November 1945 to 26 February 1946, its chief of staff from 1 to 17 March, assistant chief of staff, A-3 from 18 March to 24 December, and deputy chief of staff from 25 December 1946 to 27 January 1947.[4] He married Desiree Cooper of Surrey, England, in 1947.[1]

Returning to the United States in February 1947, Huglin became the deputy commanding general and chief of staff of the Air Transport Command at Gravelly Point, Virginia. On 25 June 1948, he became the commander of the 530th Air Transport Wing at Fairfield-Suisun Field, California. It became the 1501st Air Transport Wing on 1 October 1948. In June 1949 he became deputy commander of the Pacific Division of the Military Air Transport Service at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, also becoming commander of the U.S. Air Forces in the Pacific, the United States Air Force component of the Pacific Command the following month.[1]

In July 1952 Huglin returned to the Pentagon as the director of the Management Analysis Service in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force. On 1 August 1955, he became the director of the Planning Program Division in the Office of Defense Mobilization. He remained in this position until he retired in 1959. He was awarded an oak leaf cluster to his Legion of Merit for his service.[1]

Huglin entered Duke University, from which he earned a master's degree in mathematics. He then moved to St Petersburg, Florida, where he died on 24 November 1975. His remains were interred in Arlington National Cemetery.[1][9]

Military decorations

Silver Star Medal ribbon.svg Silver Star [4][7][8]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster [7][1]
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Flying Cross [4][7][8]
Bronze Star [4][7]
Air Medal [4][7][8]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Commendation Ribbon with two oak leaf clusters [4][7]
U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg Distinguished Unit Citation [4]
American Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg American Defense Service Medal [4]
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal [4]
Silver star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal [4]
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal [4]
Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg
Légion d'honneur (Chevalier) (France) [4][7]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with palm (France) [4][7][8]
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with palm (Belgium) [4][7]
Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Ribbon.png War Cross 1939–1945 (Czechoslovakia) [4][7]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.svg Commander of the Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom) [4][7]

Dates of rank

Insignia Rank Component Date Reference
US-O1 insignia.svg
Second lieutenant Field Artillery 13 June 1929 [10][5]
US-O1 insignia.svg
Second lieutenant Air Corps 1 July 1930 [10]
US-O2 insignia.svg
First lieutenant Air Corps 1 October 1934 [10][6]
US-O3 insignia.svg
Captain Air Corps 14 May 1936 [6]
US-O2 insignia.svg
First lieutenant Air Corps 2 June 1936 [6]
US-O3 insignia.svg
Captain Air Corps 13 June 1939 [10][6]
US-O4 insignia.svg
Major Army of the United States 15 March 1941 [10][7]
US-O5 insignia.svg
Lieutenant colonel Army of the United States 5 January 1942 [10][7]
US-O6 insignia.svg
Colonel Army of the United States 1 March 1942 [10][7]
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier general Army of the United States 23 January 1945 [10][7]
US-O4 insignia.svg
Major Air Corps 13 June 1946 [10][7]
US-O6 insignia.svg
Colonel United States Air Force 2 April 1948 [10][7]
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier general United States Air Force 30 June 1948 [7]
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier general Retired 1959 [1]

Notes

References

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