September 14, 1953|
Burlington, North Carolina, U.S.
July 14, 2018 (aged 64)|
Bremerton, Washington, U.S.
|Known for||Neo-Nazi political advocacy|
|Years of service||1971–1973|
Harold Armstead Covington (September 14, 1953 – July 14, 2018) was an American neo-Nazi activist and writer. Covington advocated the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest (known as the Northwest Territorial Imperative), and was the founder of the Northwest Front, a website which promotes white separatism.
Early life (1953–1971)
Covington was born in North Carolina, North Carolina in 1953. He was the oldest of 3 children. In 1968, at age 15, he was sent to Chapel Hill High School.
Early political activities and life in Rhodesia and South Africa (1971–1976)
In 1971, Covington joined the National Socialist White People’s Party, the political successor to the American Nazi Party. He moved to South Africa in December 1973, after his discharge from the U.S. Army, and later to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Covington was a founding member of the Rhodesian White People's Party, and later claimed to have served in the Rhodesian Army – the Zimbabwe government has said that Covington never served in any capacity. He was deported from Rhodesia in 1976, after sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation.
Political activities after returning from Rhodesia
In 1980, while leader of the NSWPP, he lost a primary election for the Republican nomination for candidates for attorney general of North Carolina. Covington resigned as president of the NSWPP in 1981. That same year, Covington alleged that would-be presidential assassin John Hinckley Jr. had formerly been a member of the Nazi Party. Law enforcement authorities were never able to corroborate this claim, and suggested the alleged connection "may have been fabricated for publicity purposes".
Covington later settled in the United Kingdom for several years, where he made contact with British far-right groups and was involved in setting up the neo-Nazi terrorist organisation Combat 18 (C18) in 1992. C18 openly promotes violence and antisemitism, and has adopted some of the features of the American far right.
In 1994, Covington restarted the NSWPP in North Carolina, North Carolina. He launched a website in 1996; using the pseudonym "Winston Smith" (taken from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four), Covington became one of the first neo-Nazi presences on the Internet. Covington used the website and the Winston Smith pseudonym to disseminate Holocaust-denial material. Beginning in 2005, Covington maintained a political blog titled "Thoughtcrime". As a fiction writer, Covington also authored several occult-themed novels.
Covington was mentioned in the media in connection with the Charleston church shooting, whose perpetrator Dylann Roof cited Covington as an influence. According to Covington, the shooting was "a preview of coming attractions", but he also believed it was a bad idea for his followers to engage in random acts of violence, supporting organized revolution instead.
- Lenz, Ryan (July 25, 2018). "Harold Covington, founder of white separatist group, dies at 64". https://www.splcenter.org/hatewatch/2018/07/25/harold-covington-founder-white-separatist-group-dies-64. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- Donner, Andreas (24 July 2018). "On the death of Harold Covington". http://northwestfront.org/2018/07/on-the-death-of-harold-covington/. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Murhpy, Dan (18 June 2015). "Why would an American white supremacist be fond of Rhodesia?". Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Security-Watch/Backchannels/2015/0618/Why-would-an-American-white-supremacist-be-fond-of-Rhodesia-video. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- Brennan Clarke (July 25, 2011). "Neo-Nazi sympathizer fatally shot by Nanaimo police didn’t fire flare gun, probe told". Toronto Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- NorthwestFront.org. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Johnson, Greg. "Interview with Harold Covington". https://www.counter-currents.com/2010/07/interview-with-harold-covington/. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- Codename Greenkil: The 1979 Greensboro Killings – p.46. Elizabeth Wheaton via Google books. https://books.google.com/books?id=kbKJU3e59MsC&pg=PA45&dq=Covington++%22Rhodesian+Army%22&hl=en&ei=VRh0TP--DMKB8gbFyqj2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Covington%20%20%22Rhodesian%20Army%22&f=false. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Nazi Loses in Republican Primary". Reading Eagle via Google News. May 7, 1980. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "N.C.Nazi Chief Quits". The Sumter Daily via Google News. March 27, 1981. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=VYgiAAAAIBAJ&sjid=nqoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5063,4821415&dq=harold-covington+underground&hl=en. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Doubts grow over Hinkley's nazi ties". Hendersonville Times-News via Google News. April 2, 1981. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=AD8aAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SSQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4414,3778065&dq=hinckley+covington+law-enforcement-authorities&hl=en. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "antisem/archive". Institute for Jewish Policy Research. September 1998. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150713035219/http://www.axt.org.uk/antisem/archive/archive2/uk/uk.htm. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Hate on the Internet: The Anti-Defamation League Perspective – Statement of Anti-Defamation League before the Senate Judiciary Committee". Hatemonitor.csusb.edu via Waybackmachine. September 14, 1999. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080103132832/http://hatemonitor.csusb.edu/US_Senate/Howard_Berkowitz.html. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2001). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. p.28. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4.
- Gardell, Mattias (2003). Gods of the blood : the pagan revival and white separatism. Durham: Duke university press. p. 106. ISBN 9780822330714. https://books.google.com/books?id=FIwwWSSL5JIC&lpg=PA106&pg=PA106#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- Tsai, Robert (2014). America's Forgotten Constitutions: Defiant Visions of Power and Community. Harvard University Press. p. 338. ISBN 978-0674059955. https://books.google.com/books?id=09aDAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA338&dq=%22Harold+Covington%22++++blog++%22Thoughtcrime%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=88yNU9H9JqGe0QWhm4DQCQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Harold%20Covington%22%20%20%20%20blog%20%20%22Thoughtcrime%22&f=false.
- "Internet Archive Search: Harold Covington". https://archive.org/search.php?query=harold%20covington. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Neo-Nazi Harold Covington Authors Cheesy Occult Novels". Southern Poverty Law Center. Summer 2003. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/intelligence-report/2003/neo-nazi-harold-covington-authors-cheesy-occult-novels. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "White supremacist calls Charleston 'a preview of coming attractions'". https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jun/28/harold-covington-northwest-front-dylann-roof-manifesto-charleston-shooting.
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