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Harakat Sham al-Islam
Syrian Islamic Movement[1]
حركة شام الإسلام
Participant in Syrian Civil War
140px
Harakat Sham al-Islam Logo
Active August 2013-present[2]
Ideology Salafist jihadism[3]
Leaders Ibrahim bin Shakaran[4]
Area of
operations
Latakia Governorate, Syria
Aleppo Governorate, Syria[2]
Strength 500 (April 2014)[5]
Allies

Al-Nusra Front[2]
Ahrar ash-Sham
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar
Suqour al-Ezz

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[3]
Opponents Syria Syrian Armed Forces
Battles/wars

Syrian Civil War

Harakat Sham al-Islam (Arabic language: حركة شام الإسلام‎, meaning "Islamic Movement of the Levant") is a jihadist group composed of primarily Moroccans that has been active during the Syrian Civil War.[8]

Founded in August 2013[2] by three Moroccan freed detainees from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Ibrahim bin Shakran, Ahmed Mizouz and Mohammed Alami,[4][5] Harakat Sham al-Islam first came to notice became of the role it played in the 2013 Latakia offensive.[7] The following year the group was one of the three primary factions, alongside Al-Nusra Front and Ansar al-Sham, that look part in the 2014 Latakia offensive.[6] Harakat Sham al-Islam also has a presence in Aleppo, being involved in battles for Kindi Hospital and the Aleppo Central Prison.[7]

The group's leader, Shakran, was killed in a battle with Syrian Government forces in April 2014,[3] as was the group's military commander Abu Safiya Al-Masri.[9]

See also[]

References[]

  1. "Ex-Guantánamo detainee dies fighting Assad in Syria". 18 September 2013. http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/09/17/3633584/ex-guantanamo-detainee-dies-fighting.html. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Muhajireen Battalions in Syria". 13 December 2013. http://www.aymennjawad.org/14144/muhajireen-battalions-in-syria. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Former Guantanamo detainee killed while leading jihadist group in Syria". Long War Journal. 4 April 2014. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/04/former_guantanamo_de_2.php#. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ex-Guantanamo prisoner killed in Syria". Al Jazeera English. 18 September 2013. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2013/9/18/ex-guantanamo-prisonerkilledinsyria.html. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "After Guantanamo, Freed Detainees Returned to Violence in Syria Battlefields". The Wall Street Journal. 3 June 2014. http://online.wsj.com/articles/after-guantanamo-freed-detainees-return-to-violence-in-syria-battlefields-1401839291. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Syrie: combats féroces autour d'un point de passage avec la Turquie". 21 March 2014. http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/859899/syrie-combats-feroces-autour-dun-point-de-passage-avec-la-turquie.html. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Abu Ahmad al-Maghrebi (Ibrahim Bencheqroun), un vétéran du Jihad mort en Syrie | Jihad veteran killed in Syria
  8. "The Syrian rebel groups pulling in foreign fighters". BBC. 24 December 2013. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-25460397. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  9. The death of the commander of the movement Cham Islam and his deputy during clashes with regime forces

External links[]

  • H on Twitter (Arabic)

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