Military Wiki
Harakat Sham al-Islam
Syrian Islamic Movement[1]
حركة شام الإسلام
Participant in Syrian Civil War
Harakat Sham al-Islam Logo
Active August 2013-present[2]
Ideology Salafist jihadism[3]
Leaders Ibrahim bin Shakaran[4]
Area of
Latakia Governorate, Syria
Aleppo Governorate, Syria[2]
Strength 500 (April 2014)[5]

Al-Nusra Front[2]
Ahrar ash-Sham
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar
Suqour al-Ezz

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[3]
Opponents Syria Syrian Armed Forces

Syrian Civil War

Harakat Sham al-Islam (Arabic language: حركة شام الإسلام‎, meaning "Islamic Movement of the Levant") is a jihadist group composed of primarily Moroccans that has been active during the Syrian Civil War.[8]

Founded in August 2013[2] by three Moroccan freed detainees from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Ibrahim bin Shakran, Ahmed Mizouz and Mohammed Alami,[4][5] Harakat Sham al-Islam first came to notice became of the role it played in the 2013 Latakia offensive.[7] The following year the group was one of the three primary factions, alongside Al-Nusra Front and Ansar al-Sham, that look part in the 2014 Latakia offensive.[6] Harakat Sham al-Islam also has a presence in Aleppo, being involved in battles for Kindi Hospital and the Aleppo Central Prison.[7]

The group's leader, Shakran, was killed in a battle with Syrian Government forces in April 2014,[3] as was the group's military commander Abu Safiya Al-Masri.[9]

See also[]


  1. "Ex-Guantánamo detainee dies fighting Assad in Syria". 18 September 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Muhajireen Battalions in Syria". 13 December 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Former Guantanamo detainee killed while leading jihadist group in Syria". Long War Journal. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ex-Guantanamo prisoner killed in Syria". Al Jazeera English. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "After Guantanamo, Freed Detainees Returned to Violence in Syria Battlefields". The Wall Street Journal. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Syrie: combats féroces autour d'un point de passage avec la Turquie". 21 March 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Abu Ahmad al-Maghrebi (Ibrahim Bencheqroun), un vétéran du Jihad mort en Syrie | Jihad veteran killed in Syria
  8. "The Syrian rebel groups pulling in foreign fighters". BBC. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  9. The death of the commander of the movement Cham Islam and his deputy during clashes with regime forces

External links[]

  • H on Twitter (Arabic)

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