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Revision as of 03:56, 24 December 2013

Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Hansa-Brandenburg
Designer Ernst Heinkel
Introduction 1916
Primary users Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops
Polish Air Force
Number built 1318

C.I

The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I, also known as Type LDD, was a 2-seater armed single-engine reconnaissance biplane designed by Ernst Heinkel, who worked at that time for the parent company in Germany. The C.I had similarities with the earlier B.I (Type FD, also designed by Heinkel), including inward-sloping interplane bracing struts. Like other early-war Austro-Hungarian reconnaissance aircraft, such as C-types of Lloyd or Lohner, the Type LDD had a communal cockpit for its crew.

The C.I served in the Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops in visual- and photographic reconnaissance, artillery observation and light bombing duties from early spring 1916 to the end of World War I. The aircraft had good handling characteristics, and steady introduction of more powerful engines in successive production batches (see below) enabled the improvement of performance and thus the continuing front-line service.

Armament of the type consisted of a free-firing 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose machine gun at the rear for the observer, and at least in some aircraft for the pilot there was also a similar fixed, non-synchronised forward-firing gun in a pod above the top wing. This latter weapon was replaced in later production examples by a synchronised 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose gun on the port side of the fuselage. The normal bomb load for the C.I was 60 kg (130 lb), but some aircraft could carry one 80 kg (180 lb) and two 10 kg (20 lb) bombs.

Use

Hansa-Brandenburg C.I were used first of all by Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops for reconnaissance and bombing during World War I.

After the war, at least 33 machines were found in the Polish hands (some say 54)[1] and they were used during the Polish-Ukrainian War and Polish-Soviet War. The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was the first aircraft of the Polish Air Force to complete a combat mission, on 5 November 1918, even before official acknowledgement of independence, during Lviv defence (flown by Stefan Bastyr)[2]

Aircraft Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was used in the Royal Air Force Yugoslavija since 1918. to 1930. year, at the school for training aircraft pilots. After military service are given Aeroclub, received the civil registration and used for training sports and reserve pilots.

Production

In addition to 84 aircraft built by Hansa-Brandenburg, 400 by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke[3] and 834 by Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik A.G. License production aircraft were built in the following batches:

Phönix
  • Phönix 20.08 & Phönix 20.09 - 150 kW (200 hp) Hiero (V-8?)
  • Series 23 and 26 with Austro-Daimler 160hp (120 kW) engine
  • Series 27 with Austro-Daimler 185hp (140 kW) engine
  • Series 29 with Austro-Daimler 210hp (160 kW) engine
  • Series 29.5, 129, 229 and 329 with 150 kW (200 hp) Hiero V-8?
  • Series 429 with 170 kW (230 hp) Hiero 6
Ufag
  • Series 61, 64, 67 and 68 Austro-Daimler 210hp (160 kW) engine
  • Series 63 with 120 kW (160 hp) Mercedes D.IIIs
  • Series 269 Austro-Daimler 210hp (150 kW) engine
  • Series 69 with 150 kW (200 hp) Hiero V-8?
  • Series 169 with 160 kW (220 hp) Benz Bz.IVas
  • Series 369 with 170 kW (230 hp) Hiero 6
Aero (Czechoslovakia) post-war

Aero A-14, Aero A-15 and Aero A-26 with 138 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIas built by Walter Engines

Operators

 Austria-Hungary
 Poland
 Czechoslovakia
 Romania
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Series 23)

Brandenburg CI.svg

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2, pilot and observer
  • Length: 8.20 m (26 ft 10¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 13.12 m (43 ft 0⅜ in)
  • Height: m (ft in)
  • Wing area: 43.46 m² (468 ft)
  • Loaded weight: 1,060 kg (2,332 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler water-cooled in-line, 120 kW (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 125 km/h at sea level (68 kn, 78 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 5,800 m (19,000 ft)
  • Wing loading: kg/m² (lb/ft²)
  • Endurance:~ 3 hours

Armament

  • 1 or 2 × 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose machine gun(s)
  • Up to 100 kg (220 lb) of bombs
  • See also

    Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

    Notes

    1. Krzysztof Chołoniewski, Wiesław Bączkowski (in Polish), Samoloty wojskowe obcych konstrukcji 1918-1939 [Military aircraft of foreign designs 1918-1939]. Warsaw, WKiŁ, 1987. ISBN 83-206-0566-0, p. 9
    2. Tomasz Kopański (in Polish), Lotnictwo w obronie Lwowa w listopadzie 1918 roku [Aviation in Lviv defence in November 1918], Militaria i Fakty nr. 6/2001, p.40
    3. Haberfellner, Wernfried; Walter Schroeder (1993.). Wiener-Neustädter Flugzeugwerke GmbH. -{AT}--Graz: Weishaupt. ISBN 3-7059-0000-5.

    References

    1. Munson, Kenneth - Bombers, Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft 1914 - 1919 ISBN 0-7537-0918-X
    2. Keimel, Reinhard (1981.). "Die Heeresflugzeuge der k.u.k Luftschifferabteilung bzw. der k.u.k. Fligerkompanien von 1909 - 1918". Oesterreichs Luftfahrzeuge-Gschichte der Luftfahrt von den Anfaengen bis Ende 1918. AT-Graz: H.Weishaupt Verlag. pp. 320, 321. ISBN 3-900310-03-3. 
    3. Haberfellner, Wernfried; Walter Schroeder (1993.). Wiener-Neustädter Flugzeugwerke GmbH. AT-Graz: Weishaupt. ISBN 3-7059-0000-5. 
    4. Angelucci, Enzo; Paolo Matricardi (1976.). Flugzeuge von den Anfängen bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg. Wiesbaden. ISBN 3-8068-0391-9.. 
    5. Janić, Čedomir; O. Petrović (2011). Short History of Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6. 

    External links

    Template:Hansa-Brandenburg aircraft

    Template:Aviation lists