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Hamas of Iraq
حماس العراق
Participant in the Iraqi insurgency
File:Hamas iraq logo.JPG
Hamas Iraq Logo
Active 18 March 2007
Ideology Sunni Islamism, Islamic fundamentalism
Area of
Central Iraq
Part of PCIR
Originated as 1920 Revolution Brigade
Allies File:IAILogo.png Islamic Army in Iraq
Opponents Flag of Iraq.svg Iraqi Armed Forces

Hamas in Iraq (Arabic: حماس العراق Ḥamās al-‘Irāq) is a Sunni militia group based in Iraq, which split from the 1920 Revolution Brigade on 18 March 2007.[1] The group claims to have released videos of its attack on US troops.[2] The 1920 Revolution Brigade insists that Hamas in Iraq was involved in assisting US troops in their recent Diyala operations against Al-Qaeda in Iraq.[3][4] Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has feared the US-armed 'concerned local citizens' are an armed Sunni opposition in the making, and has argued that such groups should be under the command of the Iraqi Army or police.[5] On October 11, 2007, the militia group joined a political council that embraced armed insurgency against American forces.[6]

Political program

Hamas in Iraq released a political program in April 2007 with some of the following provisions:[7]

  • "The movement believes in armed jihad as a means for expelling the occupier, and calls on public opinion and agencies and international institutions to respect this right... of all peoples to resist occupation, and to distinguish between that and armed crimes which target innocent civilians."
  • "We believe in a necessary link between military efforts and political action as two mutually supportive instruments for achieving the goals of resistance for liberation and salvation and preventing the fundamentalist movements from harvesting the fruits of the resistance."
  • "We confirm the necessity of continuing the killing until the exit of the last soldier from the occupying armies, and to not negotiate with the enemy except with an agreement of the factions of the jihad and the Iraqi resistance; and under the appropriate circumstances and conditions."

In July 2007, The Guardian reported that the group participated with other insurgent groups in an alliance called the Political Council for the Iraqi Resistance, which includes a range of Islamist and nationalist-leaning groups which was formed to negotiate with the Americans in anticipation of an early US withdrawal. Main planks of the joint political program included a commitment to free Iraq from foreign troops, rejection of cooperation with parties involved in political institutions set up under the occupation and a declaration that decisions and agreements made by the US occupation and Iraqi government are null and void."[8]

Operations in Diyala in August 2007

The 1920 Revolution Brigades insists that Hamas in Iraq was involved in assisting US troops in their recent Diyala operations against al-Qaeda in Iraq in August 2007.[3][4]

The insistences occurred when The Washington Post reported in a telephone interview with Lt. Col. Joseph Davidson, executive officer of the 2nd Infantry Division, U.S. forces were now "partnering with Sunni insurgents from the 1920 Revolution Brigades, which includes former members of ousted president Saddam Hussein's disbanded army."[9] The 1920 Revolution Brigades replied that: “We say to … the occupation and to your followers and agents that you made a very big lie” in linking us with the Diyala anti-al Qaida campaign.[10] The group maintains that the US military spokesman should have referred to "Iraqi Hamas", which consisted of Brigades before the operations.[3][4]

See also

  • United Jihad Factions Council
  • Turkish Special Forces


Organization links

Purported attacks

Denial of working with coalition forces

Other links

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