Military Wiki
HS 2000 / Springfield Armory XD
SAXD .45 compact.png
XD .45 ACP compact with a 13 round magazine
Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin  Croatia
Service history
In service Since 1999[1]
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer Marko Vuković
Manufacturer HS Produkt
Produced 1999[1]
Variants See Variants
Weight 700 g (25 oz) (empty)

Cartridge * 9×19mm Parabellum
Action Short recoil operated
Feed system Detachable box magazine
Sights Fixed and illuminated night sights

The HS2000 (Hrvatski Samokres (Croatian Pistol)), or XD (X-treme Duty) are a series of semi-automatic pistol that are polymer-framed and striker-fired. Manufactured in the city of Karlovac, Croatia by HS Produkt (formerly I.M. Metal), the Springfield Armory XD, XDM, or XD-S is the marketing name for the weapon, which is licensed and sold in the United States by Springfield Armory, Inc.[2]


A late model HS2000 service pistol

The HS2000 traces its roots back to a service pistol known as the PHP (Prvi Hrvatski Pištolj or First Croatian Pistol), which was first produced in Croatia by privately owned industrial parts firm I. M. Metal in 1991.[3] Designed by a team led by Marko Vuković, the PHP was considered to be a solid design, but early versions were plagued by quality issues, due in large part to the difficulties of manufacturing during the Yugoslav war.[4] Vuković's team continued to tweak and improve the design over the next decade, releasing the HS95 (Hrvatski Samokres or Croatian Pistol) in 1995, and the HS2000 in 1999.

The HS2000 was adopted by the Croatian military and law enforcement as a standard issue sidearm and continues to fill that role today.[citation needed] The pistol was initially exported to the US market by Intrac and distributed by HSAmerica who sold the pistol in 9 mm as the HS2000.[5]

In 2002, Springfield Armory, Inc. negotiated licensing rights to the US market, and changed the name to the XD-9 (X-treme Duty 9×19mm Parabellum). Springfield Armory has since expanded the line to include ten models in three different calibers and five different cartridges, seven barrel lengths, and four finishes (black, bi-tone, olive drab frame, and the newest dark earth frame). In 2006, the industry press awarded the XD-45 the title of Handgun of the Year from both American Rifleman magazine and The Shooting Industry Academy of Excellence.[6] The XD(M) series of pistols won Handgun of the Year again in 2009.[7]

Design details

The HS2000 is a short recoil-operated locked breech striker fired semi-automatic pistol.

Most HS2000s have dual captive recoil springs; however, the XDM and Tactical 5 in (130 mm) models have non-captive springs. They use a polymer frame with steel inserts, mounting rail and trigger-mounted safety. An indicator protrudes from the rear of the slide when the striker is cocked. A loaded chamber indicator pivots up on top of the slide when a round is in the chamber being both visual and tactile. An ambidextrous magazine release is also standard. Take down of the pistol is through a lever on the left side of the frame that rotates up, allowing the slide to move forward off the frame. This is very similar to the mechanism of take down as seen in pistols manufactured by SIG SAUER.

The .45 XD .45 ACP with 13 rounds of JHP.

The HS2000 has a grip safety that will not allow the pistol to fire without depressing a lever on the rear of the grip. This feature is present on some older pistols such as the M1911, however few modern pistols include a grip safety. The recoil spring guide rod also acts as a standoff device, as the end of the rod protrudes from under the barrel and keeps the slide in battery when pressed against an object such as someones's chest in contact-distance self-defense situations. This prevents the slide from being moved back because the device pushes the surface area of objects away from the slide, thus increasing the chance that the gun will function normally.[8]

In addition to the trigger and grip safeties, there are three other safeties on the HS2000. The drop safety prevents the striker from releasing if the gun is dropped or exposed to a significant impact. An out of battery safety prevents firing unless the slide is completely in battery. Further, as of 2008, 4 in and 5 in XD .45 ACP Service models are available with an optional ambidextrous frame-mounted thumb safety. This option is now available in 9mm, .40 and .45 ACP pistols.[9]

The factory-standard trigger has a travel of 13 mm (0.5 in) and is rated at 25 N (5.6 lbf) to 30 N (6.7 lbf).

The HS2000, except for the XDS variant, is fed by staggered-column detachable box magazines that are made of polished stainless steel with a polymer basepad. The empty weight of a standard-sized HS2000 box magazine is 80 g (2.8 oz).

After heat treatment the metal parts are finished with a proprietary nitriding process called Tenifer Plus+. This finish is characterized by extreme wear and corrosion resistance; it penetrates the metal, and treated parts have similar properties even below the surface to a certain depth. The Tenifer Plus+ process produces a matte gray-colored, non-glare surface with a 64 Rockwell C hardness rating (by comparison, an industrial diamond has a rating of 70 HRC) and a 1,200–1,300 N/mm2 tensile strength. This finish makes the HS2000 particularly suitable for individuals carrying the pistol concealed, as the highly chloride-resistant finish allows the pistol to better endure the effects of perspiration.

File:Size comparison between CZ 99 and HS 2000.jpg

Size comparison: CZ 99 (top), HS2000 (bottom)

The Springfield Armory XDM .45 ACP is offered in three different models with 3.8, 4.5, and 5.25 inch barrels. Each of these models have a 13 + 1 capacity, while the highest capacity is 19 + 1 for the 9mm model. The 3.8 in (97 mm) model is also available with a compact magazine that holds 10 rounds that reduces grip length by one inch for a more comfortable conceal carry option.

In January 2012, Springfield announced a new variant, to be marketed as the XD-S. While it shares many features with the original XD and XDM, its specifications differ in several important ways. The XD-S has a new Pre-Set trigger and a disassembly fail-safe, neither of which are currently incorporated into the XD or XD-M models. The Fail-Safe Disassembly prevents the disassembly lever from being manipulated when there is a magazine in the pistol. Conversely, when the disassembly lever is up, a magazine cannot be inserted into the pistol. This model, at only 1 in (25 mm) wide and initially available only in .45 ACP, is specifically designed for concealed carry.[10] The XD-S .45 ACP has a single stack magazine with a 5 + 1 capacity (with an optional 7 + 1 magazine available) and a 3.3 in (84 mm) barrel.

In January 2013, Springfield unveiled the XD-S in 9mm. It is identical to the .45 ACP model in size and features. The only differences being that XD-S 9mm has a single stack magazine with a 7 + 1 capacity (with an optional 9 + 1 magazine available) and the 9mm is marginally heavier due to a smaller (9mm) hole in the barrel (more metal is left behind).


Custom Springfield-Armory XD-40 V-10, showing the ported barrel and slide.

Model Barrel Caliber Magazine
Black Olive Drab Bi-Tone Dark Earth
(in) (mm) Standard w. Sleeve
XD Sub-compact 3 79.5 9×19mm Parabellum 13 16 Yes Yes Yes No
.40 S&W 9 12
XD Compact 4 102.5 .45 ACP 10 13 Yes Yes Yes Yes
5 127 .45 ACP
XD Service 4 102.5 9×19mm Parabellum 16 N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes
.40 S&W 12
.357 SIG 12
.45 GAP 9
.45 ACP 13
XD Ported
4 102.5 9×19mm Parabellum 16 N/A Yes Yes No No
.40 S&W 12
.357 SIG 12
XD Tactical 5 127 9×19mm Parabellum 16 N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes
.40 S&W 12
.357 SIG 12
.45 GAP 9
.45 ACP 13
XD-S 3.3 83.8 .45 ACP[11] 5 7[12] Yes No Yes No
9x19mm Parabellum 7 9
XDM 3.8
3.8 96.5 9×19mm Parabellum[13] 13 19 Yes No Yes No
.40 S&W[14] 11 16
.45 ACP[15] 9 13
XDM 3.8 3.8 96.5 9×19mm Parabellum 19 N/A Yes No Yes No
.40 S&W 16
XDM 4.5 4.5 114.3 9×19mm Parabellum 19 N/A Yes Yes Yes No
.40 S&W 16 Yes Yes Yes No
.45 ACP 13 Yes No Yes No
XDM 5.25
5.25 133.3 9×19mm Parabellum 19 N/A Yes No Yes No
.40 S&W 16
.45 ACP 13
  • Other variations are available from the Springfield Armory Custom Shop and also some European gun stores.[16]
  • 10-round capacity CA compliant magazines are available for all models except the XD-S (whose maximum capacity <10 rounds with or without factory extended magazine).


  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  •  Croatia:[18] used by the Croatian Army in 1999.[1]
  •  Dominican Republic: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  •  Indonesia: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  •  Iraq: Used by the Iraqi police.[19]
  •  Macedonia: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  •  Malaysia: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  •  Thailand: Used by the armed forces.[17]
  • United States: Issued or approved for use by a large number of police departments and other Law Enforcement agencies.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Modern Firearms – Handguns – HS2000 / Springfield XD pistol
  2. "Frequently Asked Questions". HS Arms. 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  3. American Handgunner article
  4. Fortier, David M. (December 2000). "A New Polymer-Frame Service Pistol From Croatia". S.W.A.T.. 
  5. Gun Tests article
  6. "2006 Golden Bullseye Winners". National Rifle Association. May, 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  7. Springfield Armory XDM: 2009 Handgun of the Year
  8. Modern Firearms HS2000 page
  9. "Springfield Armory". 
  11. "XD_S .45 ACP". 
  12. "XD-S Magazines .45 ACP". 
  13. "XDm Compact 9". 
  14. "XDm Compact 40". 
  15. "XDm Compact 45". 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 "HS Produkt" (in Croatian) (PDF). 28 March 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  18. Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  19. 24sata – Irački MUP kupio hrvatske pištolje za svoje policajce

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