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HMS Nautilus (1914)
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Nautilus
Ordered: 1912
Builder: Vickers
Laid down: March 1913
Launched: 16 December 1914
Renamed: HMS N1 in 1918
Fate: Sold 9 June 1922 to Cashmore, Newport
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,441 tons surfaced/ 2,026 tons submerged
Length: 258 ft 6 in (78.79 m)
Beam: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
Draught: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Propulsion: 2 shaft diesel, 2 electric motors 3,700 bhp 1,000 shp
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h) surfaced/ 10 knots (19 km/h) submerged
Range: 5,300 nmi (9,820 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h)
Complement: 42
Armament: Eight 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (2 bow, 4 beam, 2 stern), 16 torpedoes, one 3 inch AA gun

HMS Nautilus was the largest submarine built for the Royal Navy at the time and the first to be given a name.

Nautilus was designed in response to recommendations for an overseas submarine displacing 1,000 tons and capable of 20 knots (37 km/h). The resulting design changed from the saddle tanks common at the time to a double hull.

The order was given to Vickers in 1912 and her keel was laid down in March 1913. Although launched in 1914 it took until 1917 to complete the vessel. Nautilus spent most of her life with the 1st Submarine Flotilla at Portsmouth as a depot ship and later as a battery charging vessel. She was renamed N1 in June 1917.

See also


The Royal Navy Submarine Service, A Centennial History, by Antony Preston.

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