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HMS Kent (1901)
HMS Kent.jpg
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Kent
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Laid down: 12 February 1900
Launched: 6 March 1901
Christened: Lady Hotham
Fate: Sold June 1920
General characteristics
Class & type: Monmouth-class armoured cruiser
Displacement: 9,800 tons
Length: 463.5 ft (141.3 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20 m)
Draught: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Propulsion: 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines
two shafts
31 Belleville boilers
22,000hp
Speed: apprx 23 knots
Complement: 678
Armament:

14 x BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk VII guns

12 x 12 pounder guns
Armour: 4in (102mm) belt
5in (127mm) barbette
5in (127mm) turret

HMS Kent was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of 9,800 tons displacement, of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1901, with her heaviest guns being 6 inch quick-firers, and broken up in June 1920.

Operational history

HMS Kent was laid down at Portsmouth Dockyard 12 February 1900,[1] and launched 6 March 1901 (one day late due to weather), when she was christened by Lady Hotham, wife of Admiral Sir Charles Frederick Hotham, GCB, Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.[2]

She served on the China Station between 1906 and 1913.

HMS Kent Passing South Sand Lightship

On the outbreak of the First World War she was re-commissioned and sent to the Falkland Islands where under the command of Arthur Bedford she participated in the Battle of the Falkland Islands and sank SMS Nürnberg. During the action her flags were damaged - new ones were presented to her on 8 December 1915 by the County Society of Kent.

From March 1915 she was again on the China Station. On 21 March 1915 she was present at the Battle of Mas a Tierra when SMS Dresden was scuttled at Cumberland Bay in the Juan Fernández Islands in the Pacific.[3]

She returned to the United Kingdom in May 1915, and was reassigned to the Cape of Good Hope Station in 1916. In June 1918 she was transferred to English Channel convoy escort duty. On the 4 June while she and five destroyers were escorting RMS Durham Castle and Kenilworth Castle, two Union-Castle Line steamers from South Africa, RMS Kenilworth Castle collided with the destroyer HMS Rival while trying to avoid HMS Kent which was bearing down on her.[4][5]

In July 1918 she returned to the China Station. She was then sent to Vladivostok in January 1919 to support American and Japanese forces in action against the Bolshevik Red Army.

She was sold for scrap and broken up in June 1920.

References

  1. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 5 March 1901. 
  2. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 7 March 1901. 
  3. 1915
  4. http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol054kc.html The Kenilworth Castle Incident
  5. http://www.merchantnavyofficers.com/unioncastle2.html UNION CASTLE LINE


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