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HMS Exmoor (L61)
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Class and type: Hunt class destroyer
Name: HMS Exmoor
Ordered: 1939
Builder: Vickers-Armstrongs, Tyneside
Laid down: 8 June 1939
Launched: 25 January 1940
Commissioned: 18 October 1940
Fate: Sunk on 25 February 1941
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,000 t standard
1,340 t full load
Length: 280 ft (85 m)
Beam: 29 ft (8.8 m)
Draught: 10 ft 9 in (3.28 m)
Propulsion: Two x Admiralty 3 drum boilers
Two shaft Parsons geared turbines
19,000 shp
Speed: 27½ kts (26 knots full)
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,480 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h) / 1,000 nmi (2,000 km) at 26 knots (48 km/h)
Complement: 146
Armament:
  • 4 x QF 4 in Mark XVI on twin mounts Mk. XIX
  • 4 x QF 2 pdr Mk. VIII on quad mount MK.VII
  • 2 x 20 mm Oerlikons on single mounts P Mk. III
  • 40 depth charges, 2 throwers, 1 rack
Honours & awards: North Sea, 1941
Badge: On a Field Red, two foxes brushes in Saltire between two mullets Gold.

HMS Exmoor was a Hunt class destroyer of the Royal Navy. She was a member of the first subgroup of the class, and saw service in the Second World War, before being sunk by German E-boats in 1941.

Construction and commissioning

Exmoor was ordered under the 1939 Naval Building Programme from Parsons Marine Steam Turbines Company, with the hull building being subcontracted to the Vickers-Armstrongs yard, Tyneside. She was laid down as Job No J4099 on 8 June 1939 and launched on 25 January 1940. She was commissioned into service on 18 October 1940, and after working up, was assigned to the 16th Destroyer Flotilla at Scapa Flow.

Career

Exmoor arrived at the Home Fleet at Scapa Flow in November, and on 6 November was detached in company with HMS Pytchley to escort the SS Adda to the Faeroe Islands. Exmoor returned on 11 November and resumed her working up period. In December she escorted the armed merchant cruisers Chitral and Salopian on their way to begin patrols. Exmoor then sailed to Plymouth.

In January Exmoor was part of the escort for HMS Queen Elizabeth as she sailed from Portsmouth to Rosyth. Exmoor then sailed to Harwich to begin escorting coastal convoys through the North Sea with the 16th Destroyer Flotilla. She carried out these duties into February, and on 23 February was deployed with HMS Shearwater to escort a convoy from the Thames estuary to Methil. The convoy was attacked by E-boats as it passed off Lowestoft on 25 February. Exmoor suffered an explosion aft, suffering major structural damage and rupturing a fuel supply line. A fire soon broke out which spread rapidly. Exmoor capsized and sank in ten minutes. The survivors were picked up by the Shearwater and the trawler Commander Evans, and were taken to Yarmouth. The Exmoor had either been hit by the E-Boat S30 commanded by Klaus Feldt, as the Germans claimed, or had struck a mine. The wreck is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.

A later Hunt class destroyer, previously planned as HMS Burton, was renamed and launched as HMS Exmoor.

References


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Coordinates: 52°30′N 02°04′E / 52.5°N 2.067°E / 52.5; 2.067

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