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HMS Carrere (1801)
La Muiron 928 GB.jpg
1/72 Scale model of the Carrère's sister ship, the Muiron, on display at the Musée national de la Marine
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Carrère
Namesake: Colonel Carrère
Builder: Venice
Laid down: 1789
Launched: 20 August 1797
Completed: November 1797
Captured: By the British on 3 August 1801
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Carrere
Acquired: 3 August 1801
Fate: Sold on 1 September 1814
General characteristics
Class & type: 36-gun frigate
Tons burthen: 1013 (bm)
Length: 151 ft (46 m)
Beam: 39 ft 6 in (12.04 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement:

French service: 356

British service: 340 (352)
Armament:

French service:
28 x 18-pounder guns + 12 brass 8-pounder guns
FC: 2 x 36-pounder obusiers
QD: 2 x 36-pounder obusiers

British service: 12 × 32-pounder carronades + 22 × 18-pounder guns 4 × 9-pounder guns
Armour: Timber

Carrère was a French frigate that served briefly in the French navy before the British captured her in 1801, naming her HMS Carrere. She seems never to have seen any meaningful active duty after her capture as she was laid up in 1802 and finally sold in 1814.

French service

Carrère was one of two 38-gun frigates that were building on the stocks in Venice in May 1797, when Napoleon took the city during the Campaign of Italy.[1] Pierre-Alexandre Forfait ordered the two frigates completed, which they were in August 1797 under the names Carrère and Muiron. The French named Carrère after an esteemed artillery colonel who had fallen at Unzmarkt fighting the Austrians.

Carrère and Muiron both served during the French invasion of Egypt in 1798. They then accompanied Napoleon on his return to France after the failure of that campaign.[2] The captain of the Carrère was Commodore Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley, and with him travelled generals Lannes, Murat, and Marmont.

Capture

The British Pomone of 48 guns, in company with Phoenix and Pearl, captured Carrère near Elba on 3 August 1801 after a short fight.[3] She was escorting a small convoy from Porto Ercole to Porto Longone during the Siege of Porto Ferrajo. Pomone lost two men killed and four wounded, of whom two died later. The French casualty list was not initially available.[4]

The Royal Navy took her in as HMS Carrere, but rated at 36 guns.[5] Frederick Lewis Maitland was her first captain.

Fate

Carrère's active duty career in the Royal Navy was short. She was paid off on 4 October 1802 and then laid up in ordinary. She was sold on 1 September 1814. The purchasers had to post a bond of £3000 that they would not sell or otherwise dispose of her but would break her up within 12 months from the day of sale.[6]

Citations

  1. Troude (1867), p.66.
  2. p.398, Thiers, Shoberl
  3. p.648, Urban
  4. "No. 15426". 10 November 1801. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/15426/page/ 
  5. James, p.138.
  6. "No. 16920". 26 July 1814. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/16920/page/ 

References

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