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HMS Battleaxe (D118)
HMS Battleaxe
HMS Battleaxe
Career (UK) RN Ensign
Name: HMS Battleaxe
Ordered: 7 April 1943[1]
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders
Laid down: 22 April 1944
Launched: 12 June 1945
Fate: Arrived at Blyth for scrapping on 20 October 1964
General characteristics
Class & type: Weapon class destroyer
Displacement: 1,980 tons standard
Length: 365 ft (111 m)
Beam: 38 ft (12 m)
Armament: six 4 in guns,six 40mm Bofors, 10 torpedo tubes

HMS Battleaxe (D118) was a Weapon-class destroyer of the Royal Navy, completed just after the Second World War.

In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[2]

Construction

HMS Battleaxe was one of 19 Weapon-class destroyers ordered as part of the Royal Navy's 1943 War Programme. The Weapons were intended to be built in shipyards where the larger Battle class could not be built, but still mounting the heavy anti-aircraft armament and modern fire-control which war experience had shown to be necessary. As designed, the Weapons were to be armed by six 4-in guns in three twin turrets, two forward and one aft, with radar direction, with a close-in anti-aircraft armament of six 40-mm Bofors guns. Ten 21-inch torpedo tubes were carried in two quintuple mounts, while up to 150 depth charges could be carried.[3][4]

Battleaxe was laid down on at Yarrows Scotstoun shipyard in Glasgow on 22 April 1944, and was launched on 12 June 1945.[5] The end of the Second World War meant that most of the class were cancelled, with the remaining four ships, including Battleaxe having their armament fit revised to improve their anti-submarine capability. One of the ships' four inch mounts (in Battleaxe's case the superimposed forward B-mount, leaving one turret forward and another aft) was removed to allow the fitting of two Squid anti-submarine mortars, while the conventional depth charge armament was also removed.[3][4] Battleaxe commissioned on 23 October 1947, the first of the four Weapon class to be completed.[5]

Operations

On commissioning, Battleaxe served as the leader of the Home Fleet's 6th Destroyer Flotilla, which consisted of the four Weapons. It remained part of the 6th Flotilla through the rest of the 1940s and well into the 1950s, deploying to form part of the Mediterranean Fleet from April 1955 to March 1956. Later in 1956, Battleaxe was laid off into the reserve.[3]

In 1957, the four Weapon-class destroyers were selected for conversion to Radar pickets in 1957, with Battleaxe being converted at Rosyth Dockyard.[6] The ship's torpedo tubes were removed to allow the fitting of an additional lattice mast carrying a Type 965 long-range air-search radar, with deckhouses built to house the radar equipment and operators. Battleaxe's Squid mortars were swapped with the aft mounted 4-inch turret, while a more modern fire control system for the ship's guns were fitted.[7]

Battleaxe recommissioned in February 1959, joining the 2nd Destroyer Squadron based in the Mediterranean, serving there until April 1960 when it transferred back to the British Isles to join the 5th Destroyer Squadron.[8] On 1 August 1962, during a night-time exercise in the Firth of Clyde, Battleaxe collided with the Type 15 frigate HMS Ursa.[7][9] The damage to Battleaxe was considered not economical to repair and the ship was laid up at Rosyth to await disposal. Battleaxe arrived at Blyth Shipbuilding Company for scrapping on 20 October 1964.[10]

Commanding officers

From To Captain
1953 1953 Captain E C Bayldon DSC RN
1960 1960 Commander J E Maidwell RN

References

  1. Whitley 2000, p. 142.
  2. Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Critchley 1982, p. 124.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gardiner and Chesneau 1980, p. 44.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Blackman 1960, p. 19.
  6. Critchley 1982, pp. 124, 126.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Gardiner and Chumbley 1995, p. 506.
  8. Critchley 1982, p. 126.
  9. Critchley 1982, pp. 68, 126.
  10. Critchley 1982, pp. 126–127.

Publications

  • Blackman, Raymond V. B. (1960). Jane's Fighting Ships 1960–61. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. 
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. 
  • Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger (1980). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen (1995). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (2000). Destroyers of the Second World War: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell & Co. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 

External links


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