Military Wiki
Role Trainer / Attack aircraft
Manufacturer Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company
Designer Aviation University Complex
Introduction 2013
Status Prototype
Primary user Iran
Unit cost
34 million
Developed from M-ATF

HESA Shafaq or Shafagh (Persian: هواپیمای شفق‎, "Twilight") is an Iranian subsonic stealth aircraft project.[1]


Reports have indicated that Shafaq will be a sub-sonic aircraft but this might be improved, and it will have a skin of radar-absorbing material according to Iranian officials.[2]

This two-seat Advanced training and Attack aircraft appears to be based[3] on the Russian-Iranian "Project Integral" and are fitted with Russian ejection seats. Reportedly there are plans to produce three versions—one two-seat trainer/light strike version and two one-seat fighter-bomber versions.[1]

The Shafaq is designed by the Aviation University Complex (AUC), part of the Malek-Ashtar University of Technology (MUT). At the start of the program Iran received help from Russia[3] and the aircraft was known as Integral. Russia later backed away from this project due to several reasons[citation needed] and Iran carried on the project by itself and the aircraft became known as Shafaq. The Shafaq is a sub-sonic aircraft,[3] made of radar-absorbing material. It has a large leading edge root extension (LERX) and a root aft of the wing which gives it an unusual circular sub-section.[1]

A 1/7 scale model of the Shafaq has already completed testing in the AUC's wind tunnel and pictures have already been revealed which show that a full-scale model has already been built.[3] The Shafaq will be built in different configurations including a two-seater trainer, a two-seater Light Attack and a one-seater Light Attack variants. Roll-out of the first prototype was scheduled for 2008.[2] The Shafaq's advanced cockpit features color MFDs and a Russian-made K-36D ejection seat.


Data from [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one or two (Pilot and Radar Intercept Officer)
  • Length: 10.84 m ()
  • Wingspan: 10.45 m ()
  • Height: 4.26 m ()
  • Empty weight: 4361 kg ()
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6900 kg ()
  • Powerplant: 1 × Klimov RD-33 turbofan, 11,230 lbf (50.0 kN)(5,098 kgf)


  • Service ceiling: 16,780 m (55,040 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 110 m/s (21,650 ft/min)


  • Sattar, Shahbaz, Fatter missiles
  • See also


    External links

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