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Guy I. Severin
75th birthday in 2001
Native name Гай Ильич Северин
Born (1926-07-24)July 24, 1926
Chudovo, Leningrad Oblast (currently in Novgorod Oblast), USSR
Died February 7, 2008(2008-02-07) (aged 81)
Tomilino, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Monuments in Tomilino, Russia
Nationality Jew
Citizenship Soviet Union
Alma mater Moscow Aviation Institute (1949)
  • Scientist
  • Engineer
Years active 1949–2008
Known for scientist, engineer, inventor and producer of a number of aerospace life-rescue systems and space-suits
  • Director and general designer of the NPP Zvezda
  • Doctor of Science
  • Professor
Spouse(s) Tatiana V. Severina (Alekseeva) (married 1951)
Children Son and daughter
  • Iliya F. Severin
  • Rebekka A. Nakhimson
  • Sickle and Hammer.jpg (1982)
  • Medal Lenin Prize.png (1965)
  • State Prize Soviet Union.JPG (1978)
  • Nagrudnyy znak laureata gosudarstvennoy premii rf.jpg (2001)
Order of Lenin 1966 Order of Lenin 1971 Order of Lenin 1982 Order october revolution rib.png 1971
Orderredbannerlabor rib.png Order friendship of peoples rib.png 1992 Alt text 2007 Alt text 1996

Guy Ilyich Severin (Russian: Гай Ильи́ч Севери́н, Gay Ilyich Severin; July 24, 1926 – February 7, 2008) — scientist, engineer, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, doctor of technical science, professor, full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, inventor and producer of a number of aerospace life-rescue systems and space-suits.[1]


In 1949, he graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (МАI). From 1947, Severin worked in Flight Research Institute in Zhukovsky, where he was occupied with research and flight test of the aircraft crew rescue and in-flight refuelling systems. A collective of engineers led by Severin worked out some major principles and working prototypes of landing systems and rocket emergency escape slides for Vostok spacecraft.

From 1964, Severin served as Chief Designer, General Designer and, eventually, General Director of the joint-stock company NPP Zvezda, located in Tomilino.

Under his direction, the company developed space-suits, life support systems and rocket emergency escape slides for all USSR/Russia spacecraft and orbiting space stations, starting from Vostok 1, including the special inflatable airlock of the Voskhod 2, an open space manoeuvring unit, etc.

He participated in preparations for Yuri Gagarin's and other Soviet cosmonauts space flights on Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft.

He was married and had two children. Two times wins USSR mountain skiing championship. Died at a hospital after breaking both legs while skiing on a mountain ski lodge imitation near Moscow on February 7, 2008. The civil funeral was held at the House of Culture Zvezdniy in Tomilino on February 11, 2008. Present among the attendees was Boris Chertok, last remaining colleague of Sergei Korolev.

Bronze bust of Guy Severin

On July 24, 2008 a memorial to Severin was opened on the territory of the NPP Zvezda in Tomilino - a bronze bust. A number of local officials appeared for the opening ceremony.[2]


  • Lenin Prize (1965)[3]
  • two Orders of Lenin (1966 and 1971)[4]
  • Order of October Revolution (1971)[4]
  • USSR State Prize (1978)[4]
  • Hero of Socialist Labor title (1982)[3]


  1. Зелин, Александр, ed (2009) (in RU). Авиация России : биографическая энциклопедия : 1909-2009. Москва: Столичная энциклопедия. pp. 880. ISBN 978-5-903989-03-4. 
  2. (Russian) Конструктор Северин увековечен в бронзе,, 24.07.2008
  3. 3.0 3.1 Severin, Guy Ilich at online dictionary (Russian)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Severin, Guy Ilich at the Russian Academy of Sciences website (Russian)


  • (Russian) Space-suits of Russia by I.P.Abramov, M.N.Doodnik, V.I. Svershek, G.I.Severin, A.I.Skoog and A.Yu. Stoklitskiy, JSC NPP Zvezda, Moscow 2005, ISBN 5-7368-0285-6
  • (English) Russian Spacesuits (Springer Praxis Books / Space Exploration) by Isaac Abramov, Ingemar Skoog, Mikhail N. Doodnik, Anatoly Yu. Stoklitsky, Vitaly I. Svertshek and Guy I. Severin (Paperback, 366 pages - Aug 27, 2003), ISBN 1-85233-732-X

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