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Gulfstream V
Gulfstream V landing at Melbourne Airport, showing its wing design
Role Business jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace
First flight November 28, 1995
Introduction 1998
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Coast Guard
United States Navy
Number built 191
Developed from Gulfstream IV
Variants Gulfstream G500 series

The Gulfstream V (or G-V or GV) is a business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace. It is also used by the US military under the designation C-37A.[1] The G500 and G550 are improved versions which are currently in production. The Gulfstream G550 was formerly known as the Gulfstream V SP (G-V SP).[2]

Design and development

The Gulfstream V (also called the G-V) first flew in 1995, was certified in 1997, and was one of the first "ultra-long range" (~6,000-nautical-mile (11,000 km)) business aircraft. Capable of carrying up to 16 people in standard seating configurations, and able to fly up to 6,500 nmi (12,000 km), the GV became the longest range business jet ever made (at the time of its introduction). Total production of the Gulfstream V was 191 aircraft.[3]


Designated C-37A in U.S. Air Force service, the Gulfstream V is used by government and Defense Department officials. The US Coast Guard operates two C-37A for transportation of the Department of Homeland Security Secretary and the Commandant of the Coast Guard. The US Navy operates one C-37A.

The aircraft has a flight management system with a worldwide satellite-based Global Positioning System. The C-37A is capable of cruising at 51,000 feet (16,000 m). Features include enhanced weather radar, autopilot and head-up display for the pilot. Safety features include Enhanced Vision Systems that allows increased visibility in adverse environments. The aircraft is also equipped with commercial and military communications equipment to provide secure voice and data capability. The U.S. Air Force equips the C-37A with a basic crew of two pilots, one flight engineer, one communications systems operator, and one flight attendant.

Operational history

The 89th Airlift Wing's 99th Airlift Squadron, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, operates four C-37As. The 6th Air Mobility Wing's 310th Airlift Squadron, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida operates three C-37As. The 15th Airlift Wing's 65th Airlift Squadron, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A.[4] The 86th Airlift Wing's 309th Airlift Squadron, Chievres Air Base, Belgium has one C-37A. The Executive Transport Detachment Pacific, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A. The United States Army Priority Air Transport Det. (USAPAT), Andrews AFB, MD, operates two C-37As.[citation needed]

On March 11, 2005, Gulfstream delivered an ultra-long-range G-V to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The aircraft—known as the High-performance, Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER)[5]—is being used by environmental and atmospheric scientists from both public and private research facilities. The GV was chosen by NCAR for its exceptionally high cruising altitude, long range, endurance, payload, reliability, and low operating costs, as well as worldwide product support.[6] The aircraft is based in Boulder, Colorado.[7] The HIAPER Gulfstream V is currently being modified to accept wing/pylon mounted instrumentation.


Amgen's corporate Gulfstream V departs Fox Field, Lancaster, California

Civil operators

The majority of G-Vs are operated by corporate and individual owners.

United States
  • NetJets, a Berkshire Hathaway company, operates eight Gulfstream Vs offering fractional ownership.[8]
  • Google owns four Gulfstream Vs for Google executives. They are based at Moffett Field.[9]
  • Steve Jobs had a Gulfstream V that had been given as compensation from Apple in 2000.[10]
  • Mark Cuban paid $40 million for his Gulfstream V jet in October 1999, earning a Guinness Record of "largest single e-commerce transaction."

Government and military operators

U.S. Air Force C-37A in VIP livery

USCG C-37A in flight

 Algeria Algerian Air Force operates the Gulfstream V for VIP transport

  • A Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA), based on a highly modified Gulfstream G-V aircraft, was delivered to the Israeli Ministry of Defense in June 2005.[11]
  • Japan Coast Guard received the first of two G-Vs on January 17, 2005.[12] Dubbed "Umi Washi" (Sea Eagle), the aircraft will be operated by the JCG for maritime surveillance search and rescue. The second aircraft was delivered in mid-2005.
  • The State of Kuwait operates a G-V aircraft[13] in a transport role for the Royal family.
 Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Arabia operates two GVs in a medevac configuration.[14]
United States
  • United States Air Force operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
  • United States Army operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
  • United States Marine Corps operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
  • United States Navy operates the C-37A as command/executive transport[15]
  • United States Coast Guard operates two C-37As for executive transportation of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard Commandant as of January 2012.[16]
  • Federal Aviation Administration operates one Gulfstream G-V with tail number N1.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation & Department of Justice operate one Gulfstream G-V.
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency operates one Gulfstream G-V for team transport in disaster response.
  • National Center for Atmospheric Research operates one Gulfstream G-V for scientific research.


Gulfstream V

Data from[17] Gulfstream G500[18] NSF/NCAR GV Investigator's Handbook[19]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 pilots, 0–2 attendants
  • Capacity: 14–19 passengers
  • Length: 96 ft 5 in (29.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 93 ft 4 in (28.5 m)
  • Height: 25 ft 10 in (7.87 m)
  • Wing area: 1,137 ft² (105.6 m²)
  • Empty weight: 46,200 lb (21,000 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 54,500 lb (24,721 kg)
  • Useful load: 6,500 lb (2,948 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 90,500 lb (41,136 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce BR710A1-10 turbofan, 14,750 lbf (65 kN) each
  • Maximum landing weight: 75,300 lb (34,156 kg)
  • Maximum fuel weight: 41,300 lb (18,772 kg)
  • Cabin dimensions: length - 50 ft 1 in (15.3 m), height - 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), width - 7 ft 4 in (2.24 m)
  • Volumes: cabin - 1,669 ft³ (47.3 m³), baggage compartment - 226 ft³ (6.4 m³)


  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.885
  • Cruise speed: Mach 0.85 (488 knots, 904 km/h)
  • Range: 5,800 nautical miles (10,742 km)
  • Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,545 m)
  • Takeoff distance: 5,150 ft (1,570 m)
  • Landing distance: 2,770 ft (884 m)


    Data from USAF fact sheet[20]

    General characteristics
    • Crew: 5
    • Capacity: 12 passengers
    • Length: 96 ft 5 in (29.38 m)
    • Wingspan: 93 ft 6 in (28.5 m)
    • Height: 25 ft 11 in (7.9 m)
    • Max. takeoff weight: 90,500 lb (41,050 kg)
    • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR710A1-10 high bypass ratio turbofan engines, 14,750 lbf (65 kN) each


    • Maximum speed: 600 mph (Mach .885)
    • Range: 6,300 miles (10,139 km)
    • Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,240 m)

    See also


    This article contains information that came from a US Government website, in the public domain: USAF fact sheet.

    External links

    This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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