Military Wiki
Gulfstream G500/G550
A Netjets Europe G550 business jet on final approach to Frankfurt Airport
Role Business jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace
Introduction 2004
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Navy
Israeli Air Force
Produced 2003–present
Number built 550+ as of Aug 2017[1]
Unit cost
G500: US$48.25 million (2012)[2]
G550: US$61.5 million (2017)[3]
Developed from Gulfstream V

The Gulfstream G550 is a business jet aircraft produced by General Dynamics' Gulfstream Aerospace unit in Savannah, Georgia. The certification designation is GV-SP. There were 450 Gulfstream G550s in active service as of January 2016.[4] A version with reduced fuel capacity was marketed as the G500.


G550 flight deck

G550 cabin

The G550 (GV-SP) with improved engines received its FAA type certificate on August 14, 2003.[5]

Compared to the Gulfstream V, drag reduction details boost range by 250 nmi (460 km) and increase fuel efficiency. MTOW is increased by 500 lb and Takeoff performance is enhanced. A seventh pair of windows is added and the entry door is moved 2 ft. forward to increase usable cabin length. The PlaneView flight deck features cursor control devices, Honeywell Primus Epic avionics, standard head-up guidance system by Rockwell Collins and enhanced vision system by Elbit, improving situational awareness in reduced visibility conditions.[6]

Initial long-range cruise altitude is FL 400-410, first hour fuel burn is 4,500-5,000 lb decreasing to 3,000 lb for the second hour and 2,400 lb for the last hour. Flight hourly budget is $700–950 for engine reserves, $250 for parts and 2.5 maintenance hours. It competes against the Bombardier Global 6000, which has higher direct operating costs and less range but a more spacious cross section, and the Dassault Falcon 7X with fly-by-wire flight controls, better fuel efficiency and a wider but shorter cabin.[6]

The 500th Gulfstream G550 aircraft has been delivered in May 2015.[7] As it is replaced by the $54.5 million Gulfstream G600 with a lower 6200 nmi range but with a better cabin and cockpit, faster long range cruise and lower fuel burn, it could leave production in 2019. Deliveries went from 50 aircraft in 2011 to 19 in 2016 and with 40 units for sale in a fleet of 540, its valuation are falling : a 10-year-old G550 valued $28 million a year before is worth $18–$20 million in January 2017, while a two-year-old went from $40 to $35 million.[8] In May 2017, early 2003 G550s are valued $14 million against more than $45 million new, flying an average of 425 h per year.[6]


The same as the Gulfstream V or GV with a new flightdeck display system, airframe aerodynamic and engine improvements, main entry door moved forward, also marketed as the G-550.
The Gulfstream G500 has a reduced fuel capacity.[5] Introduced in 2004 as a shorter 5,800 nautical miles (10,700 km) range version, it has the same exterior appearance, as well as the PlaneView cockpit, but Visual Guidance System (HUD) and Enhanced Vision System (EVS) are options.
Marketing name for the GV-SP.

U.S. Air Force C-37B.

U.S. military designation for the G550 in a VIP passenger configuration.
U.S. military designation for proposed G550 version in an Electronic Warfare configuration to replace USAF's existing EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.[citation needed]
U.S. military designation for proposed G550 with the "Conformal AEW" body shape for use as range telemetry aircraft for U.S. Navy.[9]

Israel Aerospace Industries IAI EL/W-2085

G550 Airborne Early Warning
Israel has acquired a number of G550s, fitted with the IAI EL/W-2085 sensor package (a newer derivative of the Phalcon system) for Airborne Early Warning (AEW) use and named the aircraft Eitam. This aircraft is heavily modified for the AEW role by Gulfstream's partner, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and is also called CAEW (Conformal Airborne Early Warning) by Gulfstream Special Missions Department.[10] Israel has also acquired a number of G550s dubbed SEMA (Special Electronic Missions Aircraft) with systems integration also carried out by IAI.[11] Italy has acquired 2 G550 CAEW as part of a counter-deal to Israel's $1 billion order for 30 Alenia Aermacchi M-346 advanced jet trainers.[12] Singapore ordered four similar G550 CAEW aircraft equipped with the EL/W-2085 sensor package from Gulfstream and IAI.[13]


Gulfstream G550 taxing

Civil operators

The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies and executive charter operators. A number of companies also use the aircraft as part of fractional ownership programs.

Government and military operators

  • In late 2015 the RAAF ordered two Gulfstream G550 aircraft to be delivered by 30 November 2017. The aircraft will be used for SIGINT and ELINT intelligence gathering.[16] It is reported that the aircraft will possibly form the replacement for the electronic intelligence-gathering role performed by two of the RAAF's AP-3 Orions.[16][17] In June 2017, the sale was approved and the United States confirmed that Australia was interested in purchasing up to five airframes, to be delivered in two tranches from the early 2020s.[18][19]

HALO flies over smoke creating wake vortices

  • German Aerospace Center (DLR) - 1 G550 special mission aircraft. The aircraft is dubbed HALO (High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft). The aircraft's primary objective is to explore the atmosphere and its carbon cycle. Its unique configuration allows a flying altitude of more than 15 kilometers (49,500 feet), a range of more than 8,000 kilometers, and a load capacity of three tons.[20][21]
  • Israeli Air Force - 2 Eitam CAEW (Conformal Airborne Early Warning) and 3 Shavit SEMA (Special Electronic Missions Aircraft) aircraft[22]
  • State of Kuwait - 1 Gulfstream G550 in service[23] for transport of the Royal family.
  • Swedish Air Force - one G550, designated TP 102D[29] It along with a G-IV designated TP 102A, and a G-IV SP, designated TP 102C, serve as transports for the Royal Family and the Prime Minister.

Tanzanian Government G550 on final approach to Zurich Airport

  • Tanzania Government Flight Agency - one G550 in service for VIP transport[30]
  • Government of Uganda - one G550 in use for Presidential flights since February 2009. It replaced a Gulfstream IV-SP that had been in service since 2000.[32]

A USAF C-37B at Yokota Air Base, Japan

United States


Gulfstream G500

Data from G550 Brochure[35]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 pilots, 0–2 attendants
  • Capacity: 14–19 passengers
  • Length: 96 ft 5 in (29.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 93 ft 6 in (28.5 m)
  • Height: 25 ft 10 in (7.9 m)
  • Empty weight: 48,300 lb (21,909 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 54,500 lb (24,721 kg)
  • Useful load: 6,200 lb (2,812 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 91,000 lb (41,277 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce BR710 C4-11 high-ratio bypass turbofan, 15,385 lbf (68.44 kN) each
  • Maximum landing weight: 75,300 lb (34,156 kg)
  • Maximum fuel weight: 41,300 lb (18,733 kg)
  • Cabin dimensions: height: 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), width: 7 ft 4 in (2.24 m), Length (exc. baggage) 43 ft 11 in (13.39 m), total length 50 ft 1 in (15.27 m)
  • Volume: Cabin: 1,669 ft³ (47.26 m³), usable baggage compartment : 170 ft³ (4.81 m³)
  • Cabin pressurization: 6,000 feet (1,800 m) altitude.[36]


  • Never exceed speed: Mach 0.885 (508 kn)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.85 (488 kn)
  • Cruise speed: Mach 0.8 (459 kn)
  • Range: 6,750 nmi (12,501 km)
  • Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,545 m)
  • Takeoff distance: 5,910 ft (1,801 m)
  • Landing distance: 2,770 ft (844 m)

See also


  1. Fred George (21 August 2017). "Gulfstream G600 Update: No Hiccups Nine Months After First Flight". Aviation Week. 
  2. "Operations Planning Guide". Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. 2012. 
  3. Fred George (21 August 2017). "Gulfstream G600 Update: No Hiccups Nine Months After First Flight". Aviation Week. 
  4. "The Gulfstream G550". Gulfstream. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A12EA, revision 46". FAA. February 22, 2016.$FILE/A12EA_Rev46.pdf. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Fred George (Apr 27, 2017). "Gulfstream G550: Price/Performance Sweet Spot In Large-Cabin Class". Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network. 
  7. "Gulfstream Delivers 500th G550". General Dynamics. 2015-05-17. 
  8. "Gulfstream G550 could bow out in 2019". Flight Global. 18 January 2017. 
  9. "US Navy to customise G550 AEW airframe for range telemetry support". Jane's International Defence Review. 1 April 2016. 
  10. "ELW-2085 - CAEW - Conformal Airborne Early Warning & Control". IAI. 
  11. "Israel to receive the first of three Eitam AEW aircraft". Penton. February 13, 2008. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Italy signs G550 AEW deal with Israel". Flight Global. 20 July 2012. 
  13. Govindasamy, Siva (February 23, 2009). "Singapore takes delivery of first G550 AEW". Flight International. 
  14. Egozi, Arie (August 13, 2007). "IAI and Gulfstream planning G550 tanker". Flight International. 
  15. Egozi, Arie (December 23, 2010). "IAI continues to evaluate G550 for air refuelling". Flight International. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Defence confirms acquisition of two ISR and EW Gulfstreams". Australian Aviation. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  17. Waldron, Greg (4 January 2016). "L-3 G550 contract suggests new Australian surveillance deal". Flightglobal. 
  18. "US approves sale of modified G550 for RAAF". 28 June 2017. 
  19. Stewart, Cameron (28 June 2017). "US hails $1.7bn Gulfstream spy plane sale to Australia". Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  20. "new research aircraft HALO successfully completed". Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt. 6 December 2007. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Gulfstream Delivers Four Special Mission Aircraft And Receives Order For One More In 1Q05". Gulfstream. April 21, 2005. 
  22. "Studies" (PDF). Institute for National Security Studies (Israel). November 20, 2014. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015. .
  23. "Kuwait - Government Gulfstream G550". 27 February 2010. 
  24. "Poland selects Gulfstream G550 for VIP transport". Flight Global. 17 November 2016. 
  25. Wilk, Remigiusz (21 June 2017). "Poland receives first G550 VIP jet". Warsaw. Archived from the original on 24 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  26. "Singapore confirms new AEW purchase". Flight Global. 1 May 2007. 
  27. "Singapore to Replace Hawkeye With G550 AEW". Defense Update. 
  28. Craig Hoyle (16 September 2008). "Singapore to get additional G550 as AEW trainer". Flight Global. 
  29. "FMV har anskaffat nytt statsflygplan" (in Swedish). Swedish Defence Materiel Administration. 
  30. "5H-ONE". Aircraft Register. Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  31. "Turkey picks G550 for command and control mission". Flight Global. 16 December 2008. 
  32. "UK aid cash helped African dictator buy himself a £30m jet". The Daily Mail. 10 June 2011. 
  33. "White House Chief of Staff Card Addresses the Excelgov Conference in Washington, DC". White House. July 16, 2002. 
  34. "C-37A (Gulfstream V) and C-37B (Gulfstream 550)". U.S. Navy. 
  35. "G550 Brochure". Gulfstream. July 2016. 
  36. "Gulfstream V in Service For 10 years". Gulfstream. June 18, 2007. 

External links

External images
Gulfstream G550 AEW&C
Hi-res publicity photo of G550 AEW&C and SEMA by Gulfstream Aerospace.

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