Grigori Engelhardt

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Grigory Grigorievich Engelhardt
Born 1759
Died 1834 (aged 74–75)
Allegiance Russia
Service/branch Infantry
Years of service 1776-1816
Rank Major General
Battles/wars Austerlitz, Eylau, Friedland, Lutzen, Bautzen
Awards Order of St. George third class, Order of St. Anne first class with diamonds, Order of St. Vladimir second class, Cross of Eylau, Prussian Red Eagle, Golden Sword "for bravery" with diamonds

Grigory Engelhardt (Russian: Григорий Григорьевич Энгельгардт) (1759–1834) was a Russian general during the Napoleonic Wars.

Early career

Engelhardt was born into the Courland nobility. On May 6, 1776, he was enrolled in the Izmailovsky Life Guards Regiment as a noncommissioned officer. On December 3, 1779, he transferred to the Nevsky Musketeer Regiment as a lieutenant.

Engelhardt fought in the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790 as a captain in the Ryazan Musketeer Regiment. He was wounded in the chest and right thigh at Fredrikshamn, and for his distinguished service was promoted to major. He was made a colonel on October 26, 1798, and a major general on February 5, 1800. On March 15 of that same year he was given the command of the Staroingermanlandskogo Musketeer Regiment.

Campaigns against the French and Turks

Engelhardt participatated in the Austrian campaign and was wounded by shrapnel at Austerlitz. In the 1808-1807 campaign in Prussia and Poland, he was wounded by a bullet in his right leg at Eylau, and at Friedland was badly wounded by shrapnel in his left thigh, left side, and left arm. He was awarded the Order of St. George, third and fourth class, for his distinguished service.

In 1808 he was transferred to the Moldavia/Wallachia region, where he fought the Turks in 1809 through 1811.

1812 and after

In the 1812 campaign, he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 8th Infantry Division and fought against the Austrians and Poles in Volhynia and in the pursuit of the retreating enemy from Lutsk to Volkovysk. He then fought the French at Garnastaevichy, Volkovysk, and Kamenetz-Zhuravskii.

In 1813, he participated in the capture of Białystok and of Warsaw and fought at Lutzen and Bautzen, where a severe bullet wound in the left thigh caused heavy bleeding which forced him out of the action.

In 1815, Engelhardt participated in the second campaign in France as commander of a brigade in the 8th Infantry Division, and then briefly commanded the 3rd Brigade of the 23rd Infantry Division. Due to his wounds, he retired from the service on February 28, 1816.

Honours and awards

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