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This is a list of acronyms and initials used for aircraft weapons in the USSR/Russia. The Arabic letter names are phonetic representations of the Cyrillic originals and variations are inevitable.

  • Glossary of USSR Russian aviation acronyms - Aero-Engines and Equipment
  • Glossary of USSR Russian aviation acronyms - Aircraft Designations
  • Glossary of USSR Russian aviation acronyms - Avionics and Instruments
  • Glossary of USSR Russian aviation acronyms - Miscellaneous, Materials and Nicknames
  • Glossary of USSR Russian aviation acronyms - Organisations

Aircraft guns

  • 2A42 – 30mm cannon[1]
  • 9A622 – 7.62mm four-barrelled machine-gun[1]
  • 9A623 – 30mm twin barelled cannon (a.k.a. AO-17 and GSh-30/II)[2]
  • 9A624 – 12.7mm four-barrelled machine-gun[1]
  • 9A4071K – 30mm cannon (a.k.a. Gsh-301 and TKB-687)[2]
  • A – 12.7mm machine-gun[1]
  • AM-23 – 23mm cannon (N.M. Afansa'yev & N.F. Makarov) (a.k.a. TKB-495A)[1]
  • AO-9 – 23mm cannon (Gsh-23)[2]
  • AO-17A – Gsh-30/II 30mm cannon[2]
  • AO-18 – 30mm ammunition for 9A623 cannon[2]
  • APK (Aviatsionnaya Pushka Kurchevsky – aircraft cannon Kurchevsky)[3]
  • B-20 - 20mm cannon (Berezin)[3]
  • BNT-20E – 20mm cannon (Berezin)
  • DA - 7.62mm machine-gun (Degtyaryov)[1]
  • GP (Gondola Pushechnaya – cannon pod)[2]
  • Gsh-6-23 – 23mm cannon (six barrels) (Gryazev / Shipoonov)[4]
  • GSh-6-30 – 30mm cannon (six barrels)[3]
  • GSh-23 – 23mm cannon (twin barrels)[3]
  • GSh-30/I – 23mm cannon (twin barrels) (a.k.a. 9A4071K)[3]
  • GSh-30/II – 23mm cannon (twin barrels) (a.k.a. 9A623K)[3]
  • K (Kompleks [Vo'orouzheniya] – weapons system)[4]
  • K (suffix) (Kroopnokalibernyy – large calibre)[4]
  • K (suffix) (Kryl'yevoy – wing mounted)[4]
  • L (suffix) (Lafetnaya – for permanent mounting)[2]
  • M (suffix) (Motornaya – engine mounted)[4]
  • MP-23 - 23mm cannon (a.k.a. VYa-23)
  • MPSh (Motornaya Pushka Shpital'novo – Shpital'nyy engine mounted cannon)[4]
  • MV (Mozharovsky-Venevidov turret gun) (Georgy Mozharovsky & Ivan Venevidov)
  • N-37 (Nudelman - 37mm cannon) (A.E. Nudelman)[1]
  • N-45 (Nudelman - 45mm cannon) (A.E. Nudelman)[1]
  • NR-23 (Nudelman-Rikhter - 23mm cannon) (A.E. Nudelman & A.A. Rikhter)[3]
  • NR-30 (Nudelman-Rikhter - 30mm cannon) (A.E. Nudelman & A.A. Rikhter)[3]
  • NS-23 (Nudelman-Suranov - 23mm cannon)[3]
  • NS-37 (Nudelman-Suranov - 37mm cannon)[3]
  • NS-45 (Nudelman-Suranov - 45mm cannon)[3]
  • OKB-15-57 – 57mm cannon[1]
  • PKT – 7.62mm machine-gun
  • PV (Pulumet Vozdushnyh – ) 7.62mm machine gun (based on Maxim machine gun by A.Nadashkevich & Feodor Tokarev)[3]
  • S (suffix) (Sinkronayah - synchronised)[4]
  • Sh-20 (Shpital'nyy – Boris Shpital'nyy 20mm cannon)
  • Sh-23 (Shpital'nyy – Boris Shpital'nyy 23mm cannon)
  • Sh-37 (Shpital'nyy – Boris Shpital'nyy 37mm cannon) see ShFK
  • Sh-45 (Shpital'nyy – Boris Shpital'nyy 45mm cannon)
  • ShFK-37 (Shpital'nyy FK – Boris Shpital'nyy FK-37 37 mm cannon)[5]
  • ShKAS (Shpital'nyy/Komarnitskii Aviatsionny Skorostreny - Shpital'nyy/Komarnitskii rapid firing machine gun)[3]
  • ShVAK (Shpital'nyy/Vladimirov Aviatsionny Krupnokalibernaya - Shpital'nyy/Komarnitskii large calibre aircraft cannon)[3]
  • SPPU (Samoletnaya Podvesnaya Pushechnaya Ustanovka – aircraft gun pod)[3]
  • TKB-495A – 23mm cannon (Tool'skoye Konstrooktorskoye Byuro – Tula design bureau)[5] see AM-23
  • UBK (Universalny Berezina K - M. Berezin 12.7mm machine-gun)[3]
  • UBS (Universalny Berezina Sinchronny- M. Berezin synchronised 12.7mm machine-gun)[3]
  • UBT (Universalny Berezina Turel'ny - M. Berezin turret 12.7mm machine-gun)[3]
  • Ultra ShKAS ( - 7.62mm machine-gun)[1]
  • UPK (Unifitcirovanny Pushechny Konteiner – universal gun pod)[3]
  • VYa-23 23mm cannon (a.k.a. MP-23) (Volkov-Yartcev)[3]

Bombs, turrets, etc

  • A ( - )[5] torpedo
  • AG – (Aviatsionnykh Granaht - aviation grenades)
  • AK ( - chemical bomblet for cluster bomb)[1]
  • AMD ( - anti shipping mine)[5]
  • ARS (Aviatsionny Raketny Snaryad – aircraft unguided rocket)[3]
  • ARS (Aviatsionny Reaktivnii Snaryad – [high velocity] aircraft rocket)[4]
  • ARGS (Aktivnaya Rahdiolokatsionnaya Golvka Samonavedeniya – active radar seeker head)[2]
  • ASO ( - chaff and flare dispenser)[1]
  • AT (Aviatsionnaya Torpeda - anti submarine torpedoes)[5]
  • AVA (suffix) ( - )[5] torpedo
  • BETAB ( - retarded/rocket assisted runway cratering bomb)[1]
  • BLUB (Blisternaya Oostanovka Berezina – Berezin's blister mount)
  • DAG – (Derzhatel' Aviatsionnykh Granaht – container aviation grenade)
  • DAP ( - smoke bomb)[1]
  • DB ( - turret)
  • DK ( – turret)
  • DV-AB ( - smoke bomb)[1]
  • FAB (Fugasnaya AviaBomba - high explosive bomb)[3]
  • FotAB (Fotograficheskaya AviaBomba – photo flash bomb)[5]
  • HCN ( - chemical weapon)[1]
  • K (suffix) (Kassetnaya bomba – cluster bomb)[2]
  • K (Kompleks [Vo'orouzheniya] – weapons system)[4]
  • K (Kormovaya [strekovaya oostanovka] – tail barbette)[5] Il-28 (a.k.a. Il-K-6)
  • KAB (Korrekteeruyemaya AviaBomba – guided bomb)[2]
  • KAB (Korrekteeruyemaya Avia B - guided depth charge)
  • KD ( - cassette bomb dispenser)
  • KDB (Kormovaya Distantsionno [Oopravlyayemaya] Bahshnya – dorsal remote-controlled turret)[6]
  • KG ( - turret)
  • Kh ( - air to surface missile)[1]
  • KhAB ( - chemical weapon (phosgene))[1] also ChAB
  • KMGU (KonteinerMalykhGruzov Universalny – small weapons carrier pod)[3] CBLS
  • KU (Kormovaya Oostanovka – rear [defensive armament] installation) (a.k.a. Il-KU3) Il-22
  • L (suffix) (Lazernoe navedeniye – Laser guidance)[2]
  • LU (Lyookovaya Oostanovka – hatch [defensive armament] installation)[6]
  • MAN (suffix) ([torpeda] Modernizeerovannaya Aviatsionnaya Nizhkovysotnaya – modernised aircraft torpedo for low-altitude attacks)[5]
  • MV ( - turret) for Il-2 – (Mozharovskiy and Venevidov)
  • N ( - nuclear weapon)[1]
  • NDB (Nizhnyaya verkhnyaya Distantsionno oopravlyaaemaya Bahshnya – ventral remote controlled turret)[6]
  • NOV-AB ( - non-persistent agent dispenser)[1]
  • NT (suffix) (Nizkoye Torpedometahniye – low altitude torpedo attack)[5]
  • NU ( - cannon mount) for Il-102
  • OD (suffix) (Omno-Detoneeruyushchaya – volume detonation bomb [fuel/air bomb])[2]
  • OFAB (O Fugasnaya AviaBomba – O high explosive bomb)[2]
  • ORO (Odinochnoye Reaktivnoye Oroodiye – single rocket gun)[7] ORO-82 - tube launcher for TRS-82
  • PLAB ( - depth charge)[5]
  • PROSAB ( - parachute flare)[1]
  • PTAB ( - armour piercing bomblets)[1]
  • PTK ( - hollow-charge bomblet for cluster bomb)[1]
  • R (Raketa – air to air missile [rocket])[1][8]
  • R (suffix) (Rahdiolokatsionnaya [Golovka Samonavedniya] – radar seeker head)[2]
  • RAT ( - rocket propelled torpedo)[5]
  • RBK ( - cluster bomb dispenser)[1]
  • RDS ( - nuclear weapon)
  • RGB (Rahdio-Ghidroakoosticheskiy Booy - sonobuoy)[5]
  • RGB-N (Rahdio-Ghidroakoosticheskiy Booy N - sonobuoy)[5]
  • RPK ( - fragmentation bomblet for cluster bomb)[1]
  • RRAB ( - incendiary bomblet for cluster bomb)[1]
  • RS (Reaktivny Snaryad - rocket projectiles)[3]
  • RS ( - Radar homing)[2]
  • S (Snaryad - rocket)[5]
  • SAB (Svetyashchaya AviaBomba – flare bomb)[5]
  • SOV-AB ( - persistent agent dispenser)[1]
  • T (suffix) (Teplovaya [golovka samonavedeniya] – Infra-Red seeker head)[8]
  • TAS ( - )[5] torpedo
  • TAV ( - )[5] torpedo
  • TK (suffix) (Televizionno-Komahndnoye navedeniye – TV guidance)[2]
  • TN ( - nuclear weapon)[1]
  • Toxic-B ( - chemical weapon)[1]
  • TOZ ( - )[5] torpedo
  • TR (suffix) (Televizionno-Korreyatsionnoye Samonavedeniye – TV correlated guidance)[2]
  • TRS (ToorboReaktivnyy Snaryad – [turbo-jet projectile] rocket projectiles)[4]
  • TUM ( - dorsal powered turret)
  • UB (Oonifitseerovannyy Blok – universal [standardised] pod)[5]
  • UB ( - rocket pod)[2]
  • UB (Oopravlyayermaya Bomba – guided bomb)[5]
  • UBSh ( - experimental defensive installation)- Il-2
  • UkhAP ( - chemical warfare liquid dispensers)
  • UTK-1 ( - turret) for Il-4 (I. Shebanov)
  • VAP ( - chemical weapon dispenser)[1]
  • VDB (Verkhnyaya Distantsionno [Oopravlyayemaya] Bahshnya – dorsal remote-controlled turret)[6]
  • VT (suffix) (Vysotnoye Torpedometahniye – high altitude torpedo attack)[5]
  • VU (Verkhnyaya [Strelkovaya] Oostanovka – dorsal turret)[5] (Il-10/Il-20)
  • VUB - (Verkhnyaya [Strelkovaya] Oostanovka Bombardirovshchika – remote controlled dorsal turret for bombers)[6]
  • ZAB ( - incendiary)[1]
  • ZAP ( - incendiary bomb dispenser)[1]
  • ZB ( - napalm tanks)[2]

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 Gunston, Bill. “The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995”. London, Osprey. 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “OKB Mikoyan”. Hinkley, Midland. 2009. ISBN 978-1-85780-307-5
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 Antonov,Vladimir & Gordon, Yefim & others. “OKB Sukhoi”. Leicester. Midland. 1996. ISBN 1-85780-012-5
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. “OKB Yakovlev”. Hinkley. Midland. 2005. ISBN 1-85780-203-9
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. “OKB Ilyushin”. Hinkley. Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-187-3
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Gordon, Yefim. “Early Soviet Jet Bombers”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-181-4
  7. Gordon, Yefim. “Soviet Rocket Fighters”. Hinkley, Midland. 2006. ISBN (10) 1 85780 245 4 / ISBN (13) 978 1 85780 245 0
  8. 8.0 8.1 Gordon, Yefim. “Soviet Heavy Interceptors”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-191-1
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Early Soviet Jet Bombers”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-181-4
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Early Soviet Jet Fighters”. Hinkley, Midland. 2002. ISBN 1-85780-139-3
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Sukhoi Interceptors”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-180-6
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Soviet Rocket Fighters”. Hinkley, Midland. 2006. ISBN (10) 1 85780 245 4 / ISBN (13) 978 1 85780 245 0
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Soviet Heavy Interceptors”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-191-1
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Lavochkin's Last Jets”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN (10) 1 85780 253 5 / ISBN (13) 978 1 85780 253 5
  • Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry & Komissarov, Sergey. “OKB Ilyushin”. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-187-3
  • Gunston, Bill. “The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995”. London, Osprey. 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9
  • Antonov,Vladimir & Gordon, Yefim & others. “OKB Sukhoi”. Leicester. Midland. 1996. ISBN 1-85780-012-5
  • Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. “OKB Yakovlev”. Hinkley. Midland. 2005. ISBN 1-85780-203-9
  • Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “OKB Mikoyan”. Hinkley, Midland. 2009. ISBN 978-1-85780-307-5
  • Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. “OKB Ilyushin”. Hinkley. Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-187-3
  • Gordon,Yefim & Rigmant, Vladimir. “Tupolev Tu-144”. Midland. Hinkley. 2005. ISBN(10) 1 85780 216 0 ISBN(13) 978 185780 216 0
  • Gordon,Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “Antonov An-12”. Midland. Hinkley. 2007. ISBN(10) 1 85780 255 1 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 255 9
  • Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry & Komissarov, Sergey. “Mil's Heavylift Helicopters”. Hinkley, Midland. 2005. ISBN 1-85780-206-3
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack”. Hinkley, Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-147-4
  • Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “Antonov's Jet Twins”. Hinkley, Midland. 2005. ISBN 1-85780-199-7
  • Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “Kamov Ka-27/-32 Family”. Hinkley, Midland. 2006. ISBN(10) 1 85780 237 3 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 237 5
  • Gordon,Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “Antonov An-2”. Midland. Hinkley. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-162-8
  • Gordon,Yefim & Rigmant, Vladimir. “Tupolev Tu-114”. Midland. Hinkley. 2007. ISBN(10) 1 85780 246 2 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 246 7
  • Gordon,Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. “Ilyushin Il-12 and Il-14”. Midland. Hinkley. 2005. ISBN (10) 1 85780 223 3 ISBN (13) 978 1 85780 223 8
  • Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. “Antonov's Turboprop Twins”. Hinkley. Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-153-9
  • Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry. “Mil Mi-8/Mi-17”. Hinkley. Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-161-X
  • Gordon, Yefim & Dexter, Kieth “Polikarpov's I-16 Fighter”. Hinkley. Midland. 2001. ISBN 1-85780-131-8
  • Gordon, Yefim. “Mikoyan MiG-25 Foxbat”. Hinkley. Midland. 2007. ISBN(10) 1 85780 259 4 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 259 7
  • Gordon, Yefim & Dexter, Kieth “Mikoyan's Piston-Engined Fighters”. Hinkley. Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-160-1
  • Gordon,Yefim & Rigmant, Vladimir. “Tupolev Tu-4”. Midland. Hinkley. 2002. ISBN 1-85780-142-3
  • Gordon,Yefim. “Sukhoi S-37 and Mikoyan MFI”. Midland. Hinkley. 2001 reprinted 2006. ISBN(10) 1 85780 120 2 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 120 0
  • Gordon, Yefim. Khazanov, Dmitry. “Yakovlev's Piston-Engined Fighters”. Hinkley. Midland. 2002. ISBN 1-85780-140-7
  • Gordon, Yefim. Sal'nikov, Andrey. Zablotsky, Aleksandr. “Beriev's Jet Flying Boats”. Hinkley. Midland. 2006. ISBN(10) 1 85780 236 5 ISBN(13) 978 1 85780 236 8

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