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This is a Glossary of acronyms used for aircraft designations in the Russian federation and formerly the USSR. The Latin-alphabet names are phonetic representations of the Cyrillic originals, and variations are inevitable.

Aircraft designations[]

2I-N1
2 Istrebitel – N1 – two-seat fighter with Napier engine[1] see DI-1
2MG
2 Motor Gelikopter – twin-engined helicopter[1]
AK
Artilleriskii Korrektirovshchik – artillery correction[1]
AO
Aeroopylitel – air duster[1] Po-2
AP
Aeropyl – air dust[1] Po-2
ARK
ARKtichyeskii - arctic[1]
ARK-Z
-[1]
ASh
-
ASK
Amfibiya Severnogo Kraya – amphibian for northern territory[1]
BB
Blizhnii Bombardirovshchik – short-range bomber[2]
BDD
Bombardirovshchik D D -[1] Bolkhovitnov
BDP
Boyevoi Desantnyi Planer – troops assault glider[1]
BI
Blizhniy Istrebitel – short-range fighter[1]
BMP
- towed mine glider
BOK
-
BOP
-
BPB
Blizhniy Pikiruyushchiy Bombardirovshchik – short-range dive bomber[3]
BS
-
BSB
-
BskhS
-[1]
BSh
Bronirovannyy Shturmovik – armoured ground attack aircraft[1]
CCB
see TsKB
D
1. - two-seat fighter[1]
2. Dalnost - distance/range
DB
1. Dal'niy Bombardirovshchik – long-range bomber[2]
2. Dnevnoi Bombardirovshchik – day bomber
DB-A
Dauhl'niy Bombardirovshchik-A – long-range bomber, academy[1]
DB-LK
Dauhl'niy Bombardirovshchik-LK -[1]
DBSh
-[1]
DD
suffix Dauhl'niy Deystviya - long-range[3]
DDBSh
Dauhl'niy Dvuhkmestny Bronirovannyi Shturmovik - long-range two-seat close support aircraft[2]
DDI
-[1]
DG
-[1]
DI
Dvukhmesnyy Istrebitel' - two-seat fighter[1]
DIP
Dvukhmyestnyi Istrebitel Pushechny – two-seat cannon fighter[2]
DIS
1. Dvukhmotortnyi Istrebitel Soprovozhdyenyia – twin-engined escort fighter[1]
2. Dalnyi Istrebitel Soprovozhdyeniya – (ДИС, Дальний истребитель сопровождения – long-range escort fighter)[1]
DIT
Dvukhmyestnyi Istrebitel T - two-seat fughter -[1] 2-seat shturmovik version of I-152
DKL
Dvukhmotornyi Krayenoi Linyeinyi - regional airliner[1]
DKPV
-
DP
Dal'niy Perekhvahtchik – long-range interceptor[4]
DPT
- long-range glider torpedo
DR
Dvigatel' [izdeliye] R [Tu-4] – engine test-bed [product] R [Tu-4][5] Myasischev inhouse designation for engine test aircraft.
DSB
Dnevnoy Skorosnoy Bombardirovshchik - fast day bomber[1]
DVB
Dalnyi Vysotnyi Bombardirovshchik – long-range high-altitude bomber[1]
E
Eksperimentalnyi - experimental[1]
EA
Eksperimentalnyi Apparat – experimental apparatus – usually prefixed by a number
ED
Eksperimental Dvigatyel – experimental engine[1]
EG
Eksperimentalnyi Gelikopter – experimental helicopter[1]
EI
Eksperimentalyni Istribetel – experimental fighter[1]
EOI
Eksperimentalyni Odnomyestnyi Istribetel – experimental single-seat fighter[1]
FI
Frontovaya Istrebitil – frontal fighter
FS
Foto Samolyet – Photographic aircraft
G
Gelikopter – helicopter
GASN
Gidro-Aeroplan Spetsialno Naznachyeniya – seaplane special destination
GLL
Giperzvukovya letayuschchaya Laboratoriya – hypersonic flying laboratory[6]
GM
-[1]
GST
Gidro Samolyet Transportnaya – hydro aircraft transport[1] – pby-1 Catalina
I
1. Izdeliye - product or article[1]
2. Istrebitel' – fighter[1]
IB
-[1]
Istrebitel-Bombardirovschik - fighter bomber / strike fighter
IDD
Istrebitel' Dahl'nevo Deystviya – long-range fighter[7]
IgA
-[1]
IKh
-
IL
Istrebitel' [s dvigatelem] Liberty [moschnost'yu] 400 [loshadinykh sil] - fighter with a 400hp Liberty engine[8] Polikarpov IL-400
IOP
Istrebitel' odnomestny Pushechnyi – single-seat cannon fighter[2]
IP
Istrebitel' Pushyechnii – fighter, cannon[1]
IS
1. Istrebitel' Skladnoi – folding fighter[1]
2. Istrebitel' Soprovozhdyeniya – escort fighter
3. Istrebitel' Sylvanskii – fighter Sylvanskii[1]
ISh
Istrebitel' Shturmovik – fighter attack
IT
Istrebitel' Tyazhelyi – heavy fighter[1]
ITP
Istrebitel' Tyazhelyi Pushechnyi – heavy fighter with cannon
IVS
Istrebitel' VyisokoSkorostnyi – high speed fighter[1]
I-Z
Izdeliye Z - project Z[1]
K
1. -[1]
2. Koor'yerskiy - courier[3]
KhB
Khimichyevskii Boyevik – chemical fighter[1]
KOR
Korabelnii O Razvedchik – shipboard catapult reconnaissance[1]
KPIR
-[1]
KR
1. Korabelniy Razvedchik – (корабельный разведчик - Shipboard Reconnaissance)[1]
2. Katapul'tiruyemoye Kreslo [izdeliye] R [Tu-4] – ejection seat test-bed [product] R [Tu-4][5] Myasischev inhouse designation for ejection seat test aircraft.
3. Kreiser Razvyedchik - cruiser reconnaissance)
KSM
-[1] Avietka non OKB designed light aircraft
KT
Kr'lya Tank – flying tank[1]
LAKM
-[1]
LAL
Летающая Атомная Лаборатория - letayuschchaya ahtomnaya laboratoriya - flying nuclear laboratory[9]
LB
Legkii Bombardirovshchik – light bomber
LB-2LD
Legkii Bombardirovshchik-2LD – light bomber with 2 lorraine-Dietrich engines[1]
LBS
Legkii Bombardirovshchik Sparka – light bomber, two seater
LBSh
Legkii Bronirovannyi Shturmovik – (ЛБШ, Легкий бронированный штурмовик – light armored attack aircraft)[1]
LEM
Lev Pavlovich Malinovski- 1930s director of NTU-GVF[1]
LIG
Leningradskii Institoot Grazdahnskovo Vozdooshnovo Flota- Leningrad Institute civil air fleet[1]
LK
1. Legkii Kreiser – light cruiser[1]
2. Leningradskii Kombinat – Leningrad combine[1]
LKhS
- light utility transport[1] 1994
LL
Letayuschchaya Laboratoriya - flying laboratory[3]
LM
-[1]
LNB
-[1]
LR
Legkii Razvedchik – (ЛР, Легкий разведчик – light reconnaissance)[1]
LS
Laminarnyi Sloi – laminar layer[1]
LSh
Lyegkii Shturmovik – (ЛШ, Легкий штурмовик – light attack)[1]
LT
Letayushchiy Tank – flying tank
LTDD
-long-range flying torpedo
M
Mishen – [radio-controlled] target[6] radio-controlled versions of production aircraft had the OKB designation replaced with M, thus the RC target Il-28 became the M-28
MA
Mestnaya Amfibiya – regional amphibian[1]
MAK
-[1]
MB
-[1]
MBR
Morskoi Blizhnii Razvedchik – marine short-range reconnaissance[1]
MDR
Morskoi Dalnii Razvedchik – marine long-range reconnaissance[1]
MDRT
Morskoi Dalnii Razvedchik Torpedonosyets – (МДРТ, Морской дальний разведчик-торпедоносец – long-range sea recon/torpedo bomber)
MER
-[1]
MG
-[1]
MGS
Mnogotselevoy Gruzovoy Samolet - multi-role cargo aircraft[6]
MI
-[1]
MIIT
-[1]
MK
Morskoi Kreiser – sea cruiser[1]
MM
Morskoi Minonosyets – marine mine carrier[1]
MMN
-[1]
MMSh
Malya Mod Shturmovik – experimental engine attacker
MP
1. Motor Planer – motor glider[1]
2. Morskoi Passazhirskii – naval passenger transport[1]
3. Morskoi Podvesnoi – marine suspended
MPI
1. Mnogomestnyi Pushyechnyi Istrebitel – (МПИ, Многоместный пушечный истребитель – multi-seat cannon fighter)[1]
2. Morskoi Poplavkovyi Istrebitel – sea floatplane fighter[1]
MR
Morskoi Razvedchik – naval reconnaissance[1]
MRL
Morskoi Razvedchik Liberty – naval reconnaissance, Liberty engine[1]
MS
Morskoi Samolyet – naval aircraft[1]
MSh
-[6]
MT
Morskoi Torpedonosyets – naval torpedo carrier[1]
MTB
Morskoi Torpedonosyets-Bombardirovshchik – naval torpedo carrier-bomber
MTBT
Morskoi тяжелый Torpedonosyets-Bombardirovshchik – (МТБТ, Морской тяжелый бомбардировщик-торпедоносец – Heavy sea bomber/torpedo bomber)
MU
Morskoi Uchyebnii – naval trainer[1]
MUR
Morskoi Uchyebnii Rhone – naval trainer, Rhone engine[1]
N
-[1]
NAK
Nochno-artillerisykyi Korrektirovshchik – night artillery observer
NB
Nochnoi Bombardirovshchik – night bomber[1]
NBB
Nochnoy Blizhniy Bombardirovshchik – short-range night bomber[3]
NK
-[1]
OBSh
Odnomestnyi Bronirovanny Shturmovik (ОБШ, Одноместный бронированный штурмовик – single-seat armored attack aircraft)
ODB
-[1]
ODBSh
Odnomestnyi Dvukhmotorny Bronirovanny Shturmovik – single-seat twin-engined armoured attack aircraft[2]
OKB
-[1]
OKO
-[1]
OPB
Odnomestnyi Pikiryushchyi Bombardirovshchik - (ОПБ, Одноместный пикирующий бомбардировщик – single-seat dive bomber)[1]
OPO
-[1]
OSGA
- deck based aircraft[1]
OSh
Odnomotornyi Shturmovik – single-engined attack
OSO
-[1]
P
1. Perekhodnyi Pyervyi - intermediate[1]
2. Passazheerskiy – passenger[1]
P-Z
-[1]
PB
1. Planer Bombardirovshchik – glider bomber
2. Pikiriyushchii Bombardirovshchik – dive bomber[1]
PBSh
Pushechnyy Bronirovannyi Shturmovik (ПБШ, Пикирующий бронированный штурмовик – cannon-armed armoured assault aircraft)[10]
PD
Perekhvatchik [s ToorboKompressorom] Dollezhalya – interceptor with a dollezhal' designed supercharger[3]
PI
Pushechnii Istrebitel – cannon fighter[1]
PL
Passazhirskii Leningrad – passenger transport Leningrad[1]
PM
Passazhirskii Maybach – passenger transport Maybach engine[1]
PR
-[1]
PS
1. Passazheerskiy Samolyot – airliner / passenger aircraft[1]
2. Proxrachnyy Samolyot – transparent aircraft[3]
PSN
Planer Spetsial'no Naznachenaya – glider for special purposes
PT
-[1]
PVRD
-
R
1. Razvedchik – reconnaissance[1]
2. Reaktivnii - jet
RB
'Razvedchik-Bombardirovshchik – reconnaissance-bomber[7]
RD
Rekord Dalnosti – long distance record aircraft[1]
RDD
Rekord Dalnost Diesel'nyi – diesel-engined long-range record aircraft[1]
RD-VV
-[1]
RF
Rot front – Red Front[1]
RG
-[1]
RGP
-[1]
RK
1. Razreznoye Krylo – slotted wing[1]
2. Razdvizhnoye Krylo – extending wing[1]
RK-I '
'Razdvizhnoye Krylo - Istrebitel – extending wing fighter[1]
RM
-[1]
RMK
-[1]
ROM
Razvedchik Otkrytogo Morya – reconnaissance open sea[1]
RP
1. -[1]
2.Raketnyy Plahner – rocket-powered glider[1]
RShR
-[1]
RSR
-[1]
RV
Rekord Vysoty – record height[1]
RVZ
-[1]
R-Z
-[1]
S
1. Skorostnoi - speedy[1]
2. Sparka – twin / coupled[1]
3. Samolet - aircraft
4. Strelovidnoye [krylo] – swept wings[11]
SB
Russian: Скоростной бомбардировщик - Skorostnoi Bombardirovschik - high speed bomber,
SBB
-[1]
SB-RK
-[1]
SDB
1. Skorostnyi Dnyevnoi Bombardirovshchik – high-speed day bomber[1]
2. Strategicheskiy Dal'niy Bombardirovshchik – strategic long-range bomber[5]
SE
-[1]
SEN
Samolyot Yefremova i Nadiradze – Yefremova and Nadiradze's aircraft[3] UT-2N
SG
Samolet Gonochnii - Racing Aeroplane[1]
Sh
Shturmovik – attack[1]
ShB
1. Shturmovik Bombardirovshchik – ShB (ШБ, Штурмовик-бомбардировщик – attack/bomber)[1]
2. Shturmovik Brovirovanny – armoured attack aircraft[2]
ShBM
-[1]
ShM
-[1]
Sh-MAI
-[1]
ShON
Shturmovik Osobogo Naznachyeniya – (ШОН, Штурмовик особого назначения – special purpose attack aircraft)[1]
ShR
Shassi [izdeliye] R – undercarriage [product] R [Tu-4][5] Myasischev inhouse designation for bicycle u/c test aircraft.
ShS
Shtabnoi Samolet – staff aeroplane[1]
SI
-[1]
SK
Skorostnii Krylo – high-speed wing[1]
SKB
-[1] Avietka non OKB designed light aircraft
SKF
Sanitarnyi Kabina Filatov – ambulance cabin[1]
SKh
Syel'skolkhozyaistyennyi - agricultural[1]
SKIP
Samoletnyy Komandno-Izmeritel'nyy Punkt – airborne measuring and control point[6] Beriev Samolyot 976
SL
-[1]
SM
-[1]
SON
Samolet Osobogo Naznachyeniya – aircraft special/personal assignment
SP
1. Spetzprimeneniya or Spetsialno Primeneniya – special purposes[1]
2. Stratosfernyi Plane – stratospheric glider
SPB
Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchnyi Bombardirovshchik – (СПБ, Скоростной пикирующий бомбардировщик – high-speed dive bomber)[1]
SPB/D
Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchnyi Bombardirovshchik / D – fast dive bomber / D[1]
SPBP
Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchnyi BombardirovshchikPoplavkii – fast dive bomberfloat
SPBBSB
Skorostnoi Pikiruyushchnyi BombardirovshchikBSB – fast dive bomber -
SPD
Samolet Passazheerskiy Dal'niy - long-range passenger aircraft???? - (Ilyushin Il-18)
SPL
1. Svyazno Passazhirskii L – liaison passenger
2. Samolyet dlya Podvodnikh Lodok – aeroplane for submarine boats[1]
SPS
Skorostnoi Passazhirskii Samolet – high-speed passenger aircraft[1]
SR
skorstnoi Razvedchik – (СР, Скоростной разведчик – high-speed reconnaissance)[1]
SRB
Skorostnoi Razvedchik Bombardirovshchik – high-speed reconnaissance-bomber[1]
SS
Stratosfernii Samolyet – stratospheric aircraft[1]
SSS
Skoropodyemnyi Skorotrelnyi – speedster, high-speed lift, fast-shooter[1]
STI
-[1]
SUVP
Samolyet UrkVozdukhPut – aircraft Ukrainian civil aviation authority[1]
SVB
Samolet Vozdushnogo Boya – aircraft for air combat[1]
T
1. Torpedonosyets – torpedo carrier[1]
2. Treugol'noye(треугольный) [krylo] - triangular wing
TA
Transportnaya Amfibiya – transport amphibian[1]
TAF
Transportnaya Amfibiya Fotografichyeskii – transport amphibian, photographic[1]
TB
Tyazholyy Bombardirovshchik – heavy bomber[1]
TI
Treneirovochni Istrebitel (ТИ, Тренировочный истребитель – trainer fighter)[1]
TIS
Tyazhelyi Istrebitel Soprovozhdeniya – heavy escort fighter[1]
TISMA
Tyazhelyi Istrebitel Soprovozhdeniya Mnogotsyelevoi -A – heavy escort fighter, multirole A
TK
Tjazholij Krejser - heavy cruiser[1]
TOM
Torpedonosyets Otkrytogo Morya – (Торпедоносец открытого моря – Torpedo bomber for open seas)[1]
TPK
- thick wing section
TRD
-[1]
TS
Transportnyi Samolet – transport aircraft[1]
TSh
Tyazheli Shturmovik – heavy attacker[1]
TShB
-[1]
TSK
-[1] Avietka non OKB designed light aircraft - Pissarenko
U
uchebnyy - trainer[2]
ULK
Universal'noye letayushchyeye Krylo – universal flying wing[1] Grokhovskii G-37
UPB
Uchyebno-erekhodnoi Bombardirovshchik – training transitional bomber[1]
UPO
-[1]
UPS
Upravleniye Pogranichnym Sloyem – boundary layer control
UR
[sistema] oopravleniya [izdeliye] R – control [system] [product] R[Tu-4][5] Myasischev inhouse designation forpowered flying control system test aircraft.
USB
-[1]
UT
Uchebno Trenirovochnyy - trainer[1]
UTB
Uchebno Trenirovochnyy Bombardirovshchik – bomber trainer[1]
UTI
Uchebno-trenirovochnyy Istrebitel' - fighter trainer[1]
UTPB
Uchebno-trenirovochnyy Pikeeruyushchiy Bombardirovshchik – dive bomber trainer[3]
VAT
-[1] Avietka non OKB designed light aircraft
VB
-[1]
VEK
-[1]
VI
Vysotnyi Istrebitel – high altitude fighter[1]
VIGR
-[1]
VIT
Vozdushnyi Istrebitel Tankov – aerial tank fighter[1]
VM
-[1]
VM-T
Vladimir Myasischev-Transportnaya - Vladimir Myasischev - Transport[5]
VNP
Vozdushnii Nabludatyelnii Punkt - aerial observation point[1]
VO
-[1]
VOP
-[1]
VP
Vysotnyi Perekhvatchik – high altitude interceptor[1]
VS
Vystavlyaet Samolyet – demonstration aircraft[1]
VSI
VysokoSkorostnyi Istrebitel – high speed fighter[1]
VT
-[1]
VVA
-[1]
Ye
Yedinitsa - one-off / single unit[12]
Z
Zveno-link/flight[1]
ZIG
-[1]

OKB / Constructor Prefixes[]

ACh
Charomskii engines[1]
AIR
Yakovlev[1] in-house designations
An
Antonov[1]
Ar
Arkhangyelskii[1]
Be
Beriev[1]
BI
Beresnyak - Isayev[1]
-
Chelomey[13]
Chye
Chyetverikov[1]
DG
Grigorovich[1] in-house designations
Gu
Gudkov[1]
Il
Ilyushin[1]
KTs
Koleznikov-Tsybin[1]
La
Lavochkin[1]
LaGG
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov[1]
Li
Lisunov[1]
MiG
Mikoyan i Guryevich[1]
Mi
Mil[1]
Mya
Myasischev[1]
NK
Kuznetsov engines[1]
NV
Nikitin[1] in-house designations
Pe
Petlyakov[1]
Po
Polikarpov[1]
RAF
Rafaelyants[1] in-house designations
Sh
Shavrov[1]
Shchye
Shchyerbakov[1]
Su
Sukhoi[1]
Ts
Tsybin[1]
Tu
Tupolev[1]
Ya
Yakovlev[1] in-house designations
Yak
Yakovlev[1]
Yer
Yermolayev[1]

Designation suffixes & prefixes[]

A
1. (suffix) Ahtomnyy – atomic, i.e. nuclear capable[6]
2. (suffix) - assault
AK
1. (suffix) Artilleriskii Korrektirovshchik – artillery correction
2. (suffix) A [dlya podgotovki] Kosmonahvtov – A for cosmonaut training[6]
AKS
(suffix) Apparatoora Kosmicheskoy Svyazi – space communications equipment[6]
ALK
(suffix) Avtomatizeerovannaya [sistema] Lyotnovo Kontrolya – automatic flight check system[14]
AS
(suffix) AS – Slovakian upgrade[10] MiG-29AS
AT
(suffix) A Trahnsportnyy – A transport[6] Il-18
AT-RD
(suffix) A Trahnsportnyy Reaktivnyye Dvigateli – A transport Jet engine[14]
AT-U
(suffix) A Trahnsportnyy Ooskoriteli - A transport boosters[14]
B
1. (suffix) Bombardirovshchik – bomber[2]
2. (suffix) Biplahn - biplane[3]
3. (suffix) B – second version[10] MiG-31B
BI
(suffix) -[3]
BK
(suffix) -[10] MiG-23
BM
1. (suffix) B Modernizeerovannyy – B modernised[10] MiG-31
2. (suffix) Beloroosskaya Modernizahtsiya – Belorussian upgrade[10] MiG-29BM
3. (suffix) Booksirovshchik Misheney – target tug[6]
BN
(suffix) -
BS
(suffix) B Stroyevaya [modernizahtsiya] – B in-service up-grade[10]
BT
1. (suffix) BuksirTralshchik – towing minesweeper
2. (suffix) B Trahnsportnyy – B transport[6] Il-18
B/R
(suffix) Bombardirovshchik-Razvedchik – bomber / reconnaissance
D
1. (suffix) Dahl'nomer - rangefinder[10]
2. (suffix) - MiG-27
3. (suffix) -[10] MiG-31D ASAT launcher
4. (suffix) Derevyannyy - wooden
5. (suffix) Dahl'niy - long-range[3]
6. (suffix) Dorabotannya - revised[10]
7. (suffix) Dvookhmesnyy - two-seat[10]
DB
(suffix) Dahl'niy Bombardirovshchik - long-range bomber
DI
(suffix) Dahl'niy Istrebitel' - long-range[3]
DM
(suffix) Dopolnitel'nyye Motor – supplementary engine[8]
DORR
(suffix) [Samolyto] Dahl'niy Okeahnskiy Razvedchik Ryby – long-range ocean fishery reconnaissance aircraft[6]
DP
(suffix) Dvukmestnyi Polutoplan – two-seat sesquiplane
DSR
(suffix) Dahl'niy Strategicheskiy Razvedchik – long-range strategic reconnaissance aircraft[6]
DTS
(suffix) Desahntno-Trahnsportnyy i Sanitarnyy – assault transport/ambulance[3]
DU
(suffix) Dvoinyi Upravlenii – war control
DV
(suffix) - Pe-2DV
DZ
(suffix) DoZaprahvka – in-flight refuelling[10]
E
1. (suffix) Ekranoplan – wing in ground effect[15]
2. (suffix) Eksportnyy - export[10]
3. (suffix) Eksperimentahl'nyy - experimental[10]
F
1. (suffix) Forseerovannyy - uprated
2. (suffix) Fonar – canopy
3. (suffix) Fotograficheskiy – photo[6]
4. (suffix) Fotorazvedchik - Photo-reconnaissance[15]
FE
(suffix) Frontovoy Eksportnyy – frontal/tactical export[10] MiG-31
FG
(suffix) FotokartGraficheskiy – photo survey / mapping
FK
(suffix) FotoKartgraficheskiy – photo mapping[6]
FKM
(suffix) FotoKartgraficheskiy Modernizeerovannyy – photo mapping, modified[6]
FKP
(suffix) FotoKartgraficheskiy Modernizeerovannyy Passazheerskiy – photo mapping, passenger[6]
FL
(suffix) -
FN
(suffix) -
FT
(suffix) Frontovoye Trebovaniye – front-line request
FZ
(suffix) Frontovoye Zadaniye
GGO
(suffix) Glavnaya Gheofizicheskaya Observatoriya – geophysical observatory[6]
G
1. (suffix) Gak – hook[2] arrestor hook equipped
2. (suffix) G - Germany[10] MiG-29G German upgraded
3. (suffix) Ghidrosamolyot - floatplane[3]
4. (suffix) Groozovoy – cargo[6]
GK
1. (suffix) Gruzovymi Kassetami – underwing cargo container
2. (suffix) Germetichyeskoi Kabine – hermetic pressure cabin
Gr
(suffix) Groozovoy – cargo[6]
GrM
(suffix) Groozovoy, Modernizeerovannyy – cargo, modified[6]
GN
(suffix) Golos Nyeba – voice from the sky
GT
(suffix) GT – Germany upgraded trainer[10] MiG-29GT German upgraded
I
1. (suffix) Indeeskiy - Indian[10]
2. (suffix) Issledovatel'skiy – research[6]
3. (suffix) Istrebitel – fighter[2]
4. (suffix) Izrail'skoye [obroodovaniye] – Israeli [equipment][6]
IB
(suffix) Istrebitel Bombardirovshchik – fighter bomber[2]
IS
(suffix) Istrebitel soprovozhdeniya – escort fighter[3]
ISh
(suffix) Istrebitel' Shtoormovik – attack fighter[10]
K
1. (suffix) -[10] MiG-27
2. (suffix) Kabina – cabin
3. (suffix) Kommerchesky – commercial for export[2]
4. (suffix) Kompleks [vo'oruzheniya – weapons [system][10]
5. (suffix) Konverteeruyennyy - convertible[3]
6. (suffix) Korabelnyi – ship based[10]
7. (suffix) Korotkonogii – short legged
8. (suffix) Korrektovovshchik – correction[15]
9. (suffix) [dlya podgotovki] Kosmonahvtov – for cosmonaut training[6]
KABB
(suffix) Kombineerovnannaya Artillerisko Bombardirovochnaya Batareya Mozharovskovo i Venevidova – combined gun/bomb battery spotter designed by Mozharovskiy and Venevidova[3]
Kh
(suffix) Kholod - cold[6] cryogenic fuel testbed
KR
1. (suffix) - MiG-27KR
2. (suffix) KorrektiRovschchik – artillery spotter[6]
KU
(suffix) Korabel'nyy Oochebnyy – shipboard trainer[10]
KUB
(suffix) Korabel'nyy Oochebno-Boyevoy – shipboard combat trainer[10] MiG-29KUB
KVP
(suffix) Korotkiy Vzlyot Posahdka – short landing/STOL[10]
L
1. (suffix) Laborotoriya – laboratory[16]
2. (suffix) Lesozashchita – forestry protection[15]
3. (suffix) Limuzin – cabin transport
4. (suffix) Lyuks – de Luxe
LIK
(suffix) Lytno-Ispytatel'nyy Kompleks – flight test complex[6]
LL
(suffix) Letyushchaya Laborotoriya – flying laboratory[14]
LL-PLO
(suffix) Letyushchaya Laborotoriya - Protivolodochnoy Obrony – flying laboratory – [ASW] anti submarine warfare[14]
LNB
(suffix) Lyegkii Nochnoi Bomardirovshchik – light night bomber
LP
(suffix) LesopPozharnyy - forest patrol[6]
LPL
(suffix) Lyezhachi Polozheni Lyetchik – prone position pilot
LR
(suffix) Ledovyy Razvedchik – ice reconnaissance[6]
LS
(suffix)0 Limuzin Svyarznoi -
LSh
1. (suffix) Lyzhnoye Shassee – ski undercarriage[3]
2. (suffix) Lyokhkiy Shtoormovik – light attack aircraft[3]
MF
(suffix) -
M
1. (suffix) Manevreeruyushchaya - manoeuvering[10]
2. (suffix) Mishen - target[10]
3. (prefix) Mishen – [radio-controlled] target[10]
4. (suffix) Morskoi - marine[8]
5. (suffix) Modernizeerovannyy – up-dated/modernised[10]
6. (suffix) Modifikatsirovanni - modified[2]
7. (suffix) Modifitseerovannyy – modified[3]
8. (suffix) Morskoi - marine
9. (suffix) - meteorological
MD
1. (suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Dorabotannyy - modified, upgraded[10]
2. (suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Dahl'niy - modified, long-range[6]
ME
(suffix) Modernizeerovannyy Eksportnyy – up-dated/modernised export[10] MiG-29ME
MF
(suffix) Modifikahtsya dlya Filipin – Philippines export version[10] MiG-29MF
MGA
(suffix) Ministerstvo Grazhdahnskoy Aviahtsii – ministry of civil aviation[6] Il-76MGA
MK
1. (suffix) Modifitseerovannyy Konverteeruyemyy – modified, convertible[6] Il-76MK
2. (suffix) Mekhanizeerovannoye Krylo – mechanised wings[3] fitted with high lift devices
ML
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy - modified lightweight[10]
MLA
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy, Ametist - modified lightweight fitted with Amethyst RADAR[10]
MLD
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy, Dorabotannyy - modified lightweight, upgraded[10]
MLDG
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy, Dorabotannyy, Gardeniya - modified lightweight, upgraded, [fitted with] Gardenia radar[10]
MLG
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy, Gardeniya - modified lightweight, [fitted with] Gardenia radar[10]
MLS
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy, Lyohkiy, S - modified lightweight, S[10]
MM
(suffix) Mahlovysotnaya Mishen - low-altitude target[10]
MMSh
(suffix) Malya Mod Shturmovik – experimental engine attacker
MP
(suffix) - electronic countermeasures[2]
MR
(suffix) MeteoRazvedchik – weather reconnaissance[10]
MS
(suffix) -
MSh
(suffix) MiShen - target[3]
MT
(suffix) -
MV
(suffix) Modifitseerovannyy Vo'oruzhonnyy – modified armed[3]
MZ
(suffix) Modernizeerovannyy/Zaprahvshchik – modernised/tanker[6]
N
1. (suffix) Nositel' [yadernovo oroozhiya] – [nuclear weapons] carrier[10]
2. (suffix) Nositel' [spetsboyepripasa] – [special weapons] carrier[10]
3. (suffix) N – [Malaysian export][10] MiG-29
4. (suffix) Nit – [fitted with] Nit'-S1[SLAR][6]
NAK
(suffix) NochnoArtilleriskyi Korrektovovshchik – night artillery correction
NUB
(suffix) N Uchebno-Boevoy –[Malaysian export] combat trainer[10] MiG-29
OB
(suffix) Odnomestnyi Biplan – single-seat biplane
OES
(suffix) Opytnny Experimental'nyy Samolyot – prototype experimental aircraft
ON
1. (suffix) Odnomestnyi Nizkoplan – single-seat low-wing monoplane
2. (suffix) Osobogo Naznachyeniya – special/personal assignment
OP
(suffix) OPerahtorskiy [samolyot] – [camera] operators [aircraft]
ORR
(suffix) Okeahnskiy Razvedchik Ryby – ocean / fishery reconnaissance aircraft[6]
OS
(suffix) Opyshyennyi Stabilizator – trimmed stabiliser
OVT
(suffix) Otklonyayemyy Vektor Tyaghi – thrust vector control[10]
P
1. (suffix) Passazheerskiy – passenger[6]
2. (suffix) Perkhvatchik' – interceptor
3. (suffix) Pushechnyy – cannon armed[8]
4. (suffix) Pochtovyy [samolyot] – mailplane
5. (suffix) Poplavkii – floats
6. (suffix) Poolsa – stripe
7. (suffix) Pozharnyy – forestry protection[15]
8. (suffix) Pererabotannyy - re-worked
PA
(suffix) Perkhvatchik' Aerostahtov – balloon interceptor
PD
1. (suffix) Perkhvatchik' Dorabotanny – interceptor modified[3]
2. (suffix) Podyomnyye Dvigateli – lift engines[10]
PDS
(suffix) Perkhvatchik' Dorabotanny v Stroyoo – interceptor modified field-modified[10]
PDZ
(suffix) Perkhvatchik' Dorabotanny Zaprahvka – interceptor modified re-fuelling[10]
PF
(suffix) - photo mapping[15]
PFS
(suffix) -
PFU
(suffix) -
PFV
(suffix) -
PL
(suffix) ProtivoLodochnyy - Anti-submarine[6]
PLO
(suffix) Protivolodochnoy Obrony – [ASW] anti submarine warfare[14]
PM
1. (suffix) Pilotazhnyy Modifitseerovannyy – aerobatic modified[3]
2. (suffix) Perekhvatchik' Modernizeerovannyy – interceptor modified[10]
PMU
(suffix) Perekhvatchik' Modernizeerovannyy U – interceptor modified boosted[10]
Polyarnyi
(suffix) polar
PP
1. (suffix) Postanovshchik Pomekh – ECM aircraft[10]
2. (suffix) Protivopozharnyy – fire fighting[6]
PPA
(suffix) Patanovchik Pamech Aktivni'i – comint and jamming platform
PRT
Poikovo-spasahtel'nyy Reaktivnyy [Ooskoritel'] Trahnsportnyy – SAR boosted transport[14]
PS
1. (suffix) Pilotazhnyy Spetsiahl'nyy – aerobatic special[3]
2. (suffix) Pilotazhnyy Samolyot – aerobatic aircraft[3]
3. (suffix) Poiskovo-Spahtel'nyy – search and rescue[6]
PT
(suffix) Perkhvatchik' Teplvaya golovka samonavedeniya – interceptor with IR seeker head
PVO
(suffix) Protivovozdushnaya Oborona – air defence[3]
PVRD
(suffix) Pryamototchnyye Vozdooshno Reaktivnyye Dvigatel - ramjets[3]
PU
(suffix) Perekhvatchik' Oochebnyy – interceptor trainer[10]
PU-SOTN
(suffix) Perekhvatchik' Oochebnyy – Samolyot Optiko-Televizionnovo Nablyudeniya – interceptor trainer – optical/TV surveillance aircraft[10]
PuVRD
(suffix) -
R
1. (suffix) - Mi-10
2. (suffix) Razvedchik – reconnaissance[2]
3. (suffix) Reaktivnyy – jet propelled[3] reaction engines
4. (suffix) Rekordnyi - record
RB
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik – reconnaissance bomber[10]
RBK
RBF (suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik [izdeliye 02]F – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance [fitted with 'Shar' sigint package in izdeliye02]F[10]
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Koob – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Koob' sigint package[10]
RBN
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik Nochnoy – night reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance[10]
RBS
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Sablya – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Sablya' SLAR[10]
RBSh
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Shompol – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Shompol' sigint package[10]
RBT
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Tangazh – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Tangazh' sigint package[10]
RBV
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Virazh – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Virazh' sigint package[10]
RBVDZ
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Virazh Dorabotannyy dlya Zapravki – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Virazh' sigint package and in flight refuelling[10]
RBShDZ
(suffix) Razvedchik Bombardiroovshchik s apparatooroy Shompol Dorabotannyy dlya Zapravki – reconnaissance/bomber/electronic reconnaissance fitted with 'Shompol' sigint packageand in flight refuelling[10]
RR
(suffix) Razvedchik Ryby – fisheries reconnaissance[6]
RD
(suffix) Reaktivnyy Dvigatel – jet propelled engine[3]
REB
(suffix) [Samolyot] RahdioElektronnoy Bor'byy – electronic countermeasures aircraft[6]
REO
(suffix) [Samolyot] RahdioElektronnoye Oboroodovaniye – electronic equipment test-bed [aircraft][3]
REP
(suffix) RahdioElektronnoye Protivodeystviye - ECM Electronic Counter-Measures [aircraft][14]
RLD
(suffix) Rahdio Lokatsionnyy Dozor – radar picket[6]
RM
(suffix) [samolyot] Razvedchik, Modifitseerovannyy – modified reconnaissance aircraft[6]
RP
(suffix) - fisheries reconnaissance
RR
(suffix) [samolyot] Radiotsionnyy Razvedchik – radiation intelligence [aircraft][3]
RRV
(suffix) Radiotsionnyy Razvedchik Vysotnyy – radiation intelligence [aircraft], high altitude[3]
RT
1. (suffix) Reaktivnyy [ooskoritel'] Trahnsportnyy - jet booster transport[14]
2. (suffix) ReTranslyator – relay installation[6]
RTL
(suffix) ReTranslyator Laborotoriya – relay installation laboratory[6]
RTR
(suffix) [Samolyot] RahdioTekhnicheskoy Razvedki – electronic reconnaissance aircraft[6]
RU
(suffix) Razvedchik Oochebnyy – reconnaissance aircraft, trainer[10]
RV
1. (suffix) Razvedchik Vysotnyy – reconnaissance aircraft, high altitude[3]
2. (suffix) Reaktivnyy [Ooskoritel'] V – boosted V[14] An-24RV
S
1. (suffix) -[10] MiG-29S
2. (suffix) Salon – vip aircraft[3]
3. (suffix) Sanitarnyy - medical[3]
4. (suffix) Sapfeer – [fitted with] Sapfeer [radar][10]
5. (suffix) Sereeynyy / Serinyi -series / production
6. (suffix) Stabilizator - stabiliser[10]
7. (suffix) Strelovidnoye [krylo] – swept wings[6]
SAU
(suffix) Sistema Avtomaticheskovo Oopravleniya – [fitted with] automatic control system[10]
SD
(suffix) S Dozaprahvka – S in-flight refuelling[10] MiG-29SD
SDB
(suffix) Skorostnyi Dnyevnoi Bombardirovshchik – high-speed day bomber
SDK
(suffix) Samolyot-Dooblyor Komety – Kometa missilemanned analogue[10] MiG-17SDK
SE
(suffix) S Eksportnyy – S export[10] MiG-29SE
Sh
(suffix) Shturmovik - attack
ShS
(suffix) Shatbnoi Samolyet – staff aeroplane
ShT
(suffix) Shtabnoy Trahnsportnyy – Staff/HQ transport[14]
SIP
(suffix) Samolyotnyy Izmeritel'nyy Poonkt – airborne measuring station[6]
SK
1. (suffix) Spetsiahl'nyy Komahndnyy [samolyot] – special command [aircraft][6]
2. (suffix) Samolyotnyy Komahndno-[izmeritel'nyy poonkt] – airborne [measuring and] control [point][6] ULL-76 / ULL-76-02
SKh
(suffix) Sel'skoKhozyaistvennyy - agricultural sprayer/duster[3]
SL
(prefix) Samolyot-Laboratoriya – laboratory aircraft[6] Leninets re-designated their research aircraft with the prefix SL, thus the Il-18SL was probably more correctly designated the SL-18A
SM
(suffix) S Modernizeerovannyy - S modernised[10] MiG-29SM
SMT
(suffix) S Modernizeerovannyy Toplivo – up-dated/modernised, fuel[10] Mig-29SMT
SMV
(suffix) - border surveillance Mi-8
SO
Salon Obslooga – VIP service personnel[6]
SOLF
(suffix) Spetsializeerovannyy Oftal'mologicheskiy Letayushchiy Filiahl – specialised ophthalmic [surgery] flying branch office[6]
SP
(suffix) SpetzPrimeneniya or Spetsialno Primeneniya – special purposes
(СР, Скоростной разведчик – high-speed reconnaissance)
SSS
(suffix) Skoropodyemnyi SkoroStrelnyi – speedster, high-speed lift, fast-shooter
stk
(suffix) [izdeliye S] trenirov-ochnoy Katapool'toy – training ejection system UTI-MiG-15stk[10]
SU
(suffix) Spahrennoye Oopravleniye – dual controls
T
1. (suffix) Tankovyi – tank buster[2]
2. (suffix) Tahksi - taxi[3]
3. (suffix) Teplovaya [glovka Samonavedeniya] – Infra-Red seeker[10]
4. (suffix) Toplivo - fuel[10]
5. (suffix) Torpedonosyets – torpedo carrier[6]
6. (suffix) Trahnsportnyy – transport[6]
7. (suffix) Trenirovochnyy – proficiency trainer[3]
8. (suffix) Tryokhkolyosnoye Shasee – tri-cycle undercarriage[3]
9. (suffix) Tyazhelovo'oruzhonny – heavily armed[3]
10. (suffix) Treugol'noye(треугольный) [krylo] - triangular wing[11]
TB
1. (suffix) Trahnsportno-Booksirovshchik – transport / glider tug[6]
2. (suffix) - Mil Mi-8TB
TBK
(suffix) - Mil Mi-8TBK
TD
(suffix) Trahnsportno-Desahntnyy – transport / assault aircraft[6]
TG
1. (suffix) Trahnsportno-Groozovoy – transport / cargo[6]
2. (suffix) - LPG powered Mi-8
TK
1. (suffix) – anti-tank[2]
2. (suffix) - thin wing
3. (suffix) Trahnsportnyy, Konverteeruyemyy – convertible passenger/cargo[15]
4. (suffix) ToorboKompressorom - turbo-charged[8]
TKGK
(suffix) ToorboKompressorom Ghermeticheskoy Kabinoy - turbo-charged [engine], hermetically sealed cabin[8]
TM
(suffix) Torpedonosets Modifitseerovannyy – modified torpedo bomber[6]
TS
(suffix) Trahnsportno-Sanitarnyy – transport / medical[6]
TP
1. (suffix) Torpedonosets Poplavkovyy – Torpedo carrier floatplane
2. (suffix) Trahnsportno-Paasazheerskiy – cargo / passenger[15]
TV
(suffix) Trahnsportnyy V – transport V[14]
U
1. (suffix) Uchebnyi (Учебный - "Trainer")[2]
2. (suffix) Uloochshennyy – improved[3]
UD
(suffix) Oosovershenstvovannyy, Dereviannyy - improved, wooden[8]
UF
(suffix) Oochebnyy Fotosoprovozhdeniye – trainer-photographic support
UB
(suffix) Uchebno-Boevoy – combat trainer[2]
UBT
(suffix) Uchebno-Boevoy Toplivo – combat trainer, fuel[10] MiG-29UBT
UBM
(suffix) Uchebno-Boevoy Modernizeerovannyy – combat trainer, modernised[10] MiG-29UBM
US
(suffix) oochebnyy Sdoov [Pogranichnovo Sloya] – trainer with BLC[10]
USh
1. (suffix) Oochebno Shtoormanskiy [Samolyot] – navigator trainer aircraft[6]
2. (suffix) U Shtoormanskiy [Samolyot] – U trainer aircraft[8] I-153USh
ULL
(prefix) Ooniversahl'naya letyuschchaya Laboratoriya – universal flying laboratory
UM
1. (suffix) Oochebnyy, Modernizeerovannyy – upgraded trainer[10]
2 (suffix) Uloochshennyy M – improved M[3] new build Yak-9U's
US
(suffix) -
UT
(suffix) Uchyebno Trenirovochnyi – conversion/proficiency/educational training[2]
UTG
(suffix) Uchyebno Trenirovochnyi Gak – educational training with arrestor hook[2]
UTI
(suffix) oochebno Trenirovochnyy Istrebitel' - fighter trainer[16]
UV
(suffix) Uloochshennyy Vyvoznoy – improved familiarisation training[3]
UVP
(suffix) Ookorochennyy Vzlyot i Posahdka - STOL[10]
V
1. (suffix) - floatplane[15] An-2 floatplane
2. (suffix) -[6] Il-18
3. (suffix) Vysotnyy – height/high-altitude[3]
4. (suffix) Vyvoznoy – familiarisation training[3]
V-TKGK
(suffix) Vysotnyi ToorboKompressorom Germetichyeskoi Kabine – high-altitude turbo-charged hermetic pressure cabin
VB
(suffix) Visotnyi Bombardirovshchik – high altitude bomber
VI
(suffix) Visotnyi Istrebitel – (ВИ, Высотный истребитель – high-altitude fighter)
VK
(suffix) Vozdooshno-Kosmicheskiy – air/space [satellite launcher][10]
VKP
(suffix) Vozdooshnyy Komahndnyy Poonkt – Airborne command post[6]
VP
(suffix) -
VPU
(suffix) Vozdooshnyy Poonkt Oopravleniya – airborne command post[6]
VRD
(suffix) Vozdooshno Reaktivnyye Dvigatel - ramjets[3]
VRDK
(suffix) Vozdooshno-Reaktivnyy Dvigatel' Kompressornovo Tipa – compressor-type air-breathing engine[3]
VS
(suffix) Voiskovoi Seriya – military series
VT
1. (suffix) V Trahnsportnyy – V transport[6] Il-18
2. (suffix) Voyenno-Trahnsportnyy [samolyot] – military transport aircraft[6] Il-114VT
VV (suffix) Vertikahl'nyy Vzlyot – vertical take-off[3]
VZPU
(suffix) Vozduzhni'i Zapasdnoi Punkt Upravlenya – aerial emergency command post
ZA
(suffix) Zondirovshchik Atmosfery – atmosphere sampler[6]
Zh
(suffix) Zhidkosnyy[reaktivnyy dvigatel] – liquid fuelled [rocket motor][10]
ZIG
(suffix) Zavod Imyennyi Goltsman – Works named for Goltsman[1]

References[]

  1. 1.000 1.001 1.002 1.003 1.004 1.005 1.006 1.007 1.008 1.009 1.010 1.011 1.012 1.013 1.014 1.015 1.016 1.017 1.018 1.019 1.020 1.021 1.022 1.023 1.024 1.025 1.026 1.027 1.028 1.029 1.030 1.031 1.032 1.033 1.034 1.035 1.036 1.037 1.038 1.039 1.040 1.041 1.042 1.043 1.044 1.045 1.046 1.047 1.048 1.049 1.050 1.051 1.052 1.053 1.054 1.055 1.056 1.057 1.058 1.059 1.060 1.061 1.062 1.063 1.064 1.065 1.066 1.067 1.068 1.069 1.070 1.071 1.072 1.073 1.074 1.075 1.076 1.077 1.078 1.079 1.080 1.081 1.082 1.083 1.084 1.085 1.086 1.087 1.088 1.089 1.090 1.091 1.092 1.093 1.094 1.095 1.096 1.097 1.098 1.099 1.100 1.101 1.102 1.103 1.104 1.105 1.106 1.107 1.108 1.109 1.110 1.111 1.112 1.113 1.114 1.115 1.116 1.117 1.118 1.119 1.120 1.121 1.122 1.123 1.124 1.125 1.126 1.127 1.128 1.129 1.130 1.131 1.132 1.133 1.134 1.135 1.136 1.137 1.138 1.139 1.140 1.141 1.142 1.143 1.144 1.145 1.146 1.147 1.148 1.149 1.150 1.151 1.152 1.153 1.154 1.155 1.156 1.157 1.158 1.159 1.160 1.161 1.162 1.163 1.164 1.165 1.166 1.167 1.168 1.169 1.170 1.171 1.172 1.173 1.174 1.175 1.176 1.177 1.178 1.179 1.180 1.181 1.182 1.183 1.184 1.185 1.186 1.187 1.188 1.189 1.190 1.191 1.192 1.193 1.194 1.195 1.196 1.197 1.198 1.199 1.200 1.201 1.202 1.203 1.204 1.205 1.206 1.207 1.208 1.209 1.210 1.211 1.212 1.213 1.214 1.215 1.216 1.217 1.218 1.219 1.220 1.221 1.222 1.223 1.224 1.225 Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875 – 1995. London, Osprey. 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 Antonov,Vladimir & Gordon, Yefim & others. OKB Sukhoi. Leicester. Midland. 1996. ISBN 1-85780-012-5
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  4. Gordon,Yefim & Rigmant, Vladimir. Tupolev Tu-144. Midland. Hinkley. 2005. ISBN 1-85780-216-0 ISBN 978 185780 216 0
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Gordon, Yefim. Myasischev M-4 and 3M. Hinkley. Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-152-0
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  7. 7.0 7.1 Gordon, Yefim. Early Soviet Jet Bombers. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-181-4
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Gordon,Yefim. & Dexter, Keith. Polikarpov's Biplane Fighters. Hinkley. Midland Publishing. 2002. ISBN 1-85780-141-5
  9. Gordon, Yefim; Peter Davison (2006). Tupolev Tu-95 Bear. Warbird Tech. 43. USA: Speciality Press. ISBN 978-1-58007-102-4. 
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 10.25 10.26 10.27 10.28 10.29 10.30 10.31 10.32 10.33 10.34 10.35 10.36 10.37 10.38 10.39 10.40 10.41 10.42 10.43 10.44 10.45 10.46 10.47 10.48 10.49 10.50 10.51 10.52 10.53 10.54 10.55 10.56 10.57 10.58 10.59 10.60 10.61 10.62 10.63 10.64 10.65 10.66 10.67 10.68 10.69 10.70 10.71 10.72 10.73 10.74 10.75 10.76 10.77 10.78 10.79 10.80 10.81 10.82 Gordon, Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. OKB Mikoyan. Hinkley, Midland. 2009. ISBN 978-1-85780-307-5
  11. 11.0 11.1 Gordon, Yefim. Sukhoi Interceptors. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-180-6
  12. Gordon, Yefim. Soviet Heavy Interceptors. Hinkley, Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-191-1
  13. Gordon, Yefim. Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons. Midland. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-188-1
  14. 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 14.11 Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. Antonov's Turboprop Twins. Hinkley. Midland. 2003. ISBN 1-85780-153-9
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 Gordon,Yefim & Komissarov, Dmitry. Antonov An-2. Midland. Hinkley. 2004. ISBN 1-85780-162-8
  16. 16.0 16.1 Gordon, Yefim. Early Soviet Jet Fighters. Hinkley, Midland. 2002. ISBN 1-85780-139-3

Gordon, Yefim; Peter Davison (2006). Tupolev Tu-95 Bear. Warbird Tech. 43. USA: Speciality Press. ISBN 978-1-58007-102-4. 

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