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Captured Jews during Warsaw Ghetto Uprising led by the Germans for deportation to death camps. Picture taken at Nowolipie street, near the intersection with Smocza.

Ghetto uprisings during World War II were the armed revolts by Jews and other prisoners incarcerated in the newly established ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe after the German invasion of Poland in 1939, as well as its own ally the Soviet Union in 1941. In most instances, the ghetto resistance fighters took up arms against the Nazi plans to deport all inhabitants to concentration and extermination camps with the aim of their mass extermination.[1]

Armed resistance was offered in over 100 ghettos.[2] Some of these uprisings were more massive and organized, while others were small and spontaneous. The best known and the biggest of such uprisings took place in Warsaw in April–May 1943.[3] The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising resulted in the death of up to 7,000 Jews in razed city district, but there were also other such struggles leading to the wholesale burning of the ghettos.[4]

Selected ghetto uprisings during the Holocaust

Notable instances included:[5]

To some extent the armed struggle was also carried out during the final liquidation of the Ghettos in:

See also

  • Anti-fascism
  • Ghettos in occupied Europe 1939 - 1944
  • Ghetto Fighters' House
  • Jewish response to The Forty Days of Musa Dagh


  1. "Resistance in Ghettos". Jewish Uprisings in Ghettos and Camps, 1941–1944. Holocaust Encyclopedia. June 10, 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  2. "Jewish Resistance". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  3. "April–May 1943, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising". Timeline of Events. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  4. "Warsaw Ghetto Uprising". Holocaust Encyclopedia. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington DC. 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  5. "Map of the Jewish uprisings in World War II" (PDF file, direct download 169 KB). Yad Vashem. 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 

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