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German submarine U-116 (1941)
Career
Name: U-116
Ordered: 31 January 1939
Builder: Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 615
Laid down: 1 July 1939
Launched: 3 May 1941[1]
Commissioned: 26 July 1941[2]
Fate: Presumed sunk after 6 October 1942[2]
General characteristics [3]
Class & type: Type XB submarine minelayer
Displacement: 1,763 long tons (1,791 t) surfaced
2,177 long tons (2,212 t) submerged
Length: 89.80 m (294 ft 7 in) o/a
70.90 m (232 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.20 m (30 ft 2 in) o/a
4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.71 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × diesel engines, 4,800 hp (3,600 kW)
2 × electric motors, 1,100 hp (820 kW)
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 18,450 nmi (34,170 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
93 nmi (172 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: Calculated crush depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Complement: 48-60 men
Armament: • 2 × 53.3 cm (21 in) stern torpedo tubes
• 15 × G7e torpedoes
• 66 × SMA mines
• 1 × 10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun[4] (200 rounds)
Service record[5][6]
Part of: 2nd U-boat Flotilla
(26 July 1941–31 January 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1942–6 October 1942)
Commanders: KrvKpt. Werner von Schmidt
(26 July 1941–10 September 1942)
Oblt. Wilhelm Grimme
(11 September 1942–6 October 1942)
Operations: Four
1st patrol:
25 April–5 May 1942
2nd patrol:
16 May–9 June 1942
3rd patrol:
27 June–23 August 1942
4th patrol:
22 September–6 October 1942
Victories: One commercial ship sunk (4,284 GRT)
One commercial ship damaged (7,093 GRT)

German submarine U-116 was a Type XB minelaying U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 31 January 1939 and laid down on 1 July at Germaniawerft, Kiel, as 'werk 615'. She was launched on 3 May 1941 and commissioned under the command of Korvettenkapitän Werner von Schmidt on 26 July of that year.[5]

Service history

1st patrol

After a period of training as part of the 2nd U-boat Flotilla, U-116 was assigned to the front-line as part of the 1st U-boat Flotilla on 1 February 1942.[5] She sailed from Kiel on 4 April 1942, bound for Bergen, Norway, via Heligoland, and departed Bergen on 25 April, circling the British Isles before arriving at Lorient in occupied France, on 5 May.[7]

2nd patrol

U-116 sailed from Lorient on 16 May 1942 on a patrol to the mid-Atlantic lasting 25 days, arriving back at her homeport on 9 June, without any success.[8]

3rd patrol

U-116 was more successful on her third patrol which took her south to the coast of West Africa, attacking Convoy OS-33 south of the Azores on 12 July 1942. Soon after midnight she fired one torpedo at the 7,093 ton merchant ship Cortona, causing some damage; although the ship was then sunk by U-201.[9] Nine hours later U-116 fired two torpedoes into the 4,284 ton British merchant ship Shaftesbury, which sank in 15 minutes.[10] The U-boat returned to Lorient on 23 August, after 58 days at sea.[11]

4th patrol

For her fourth patrol, U-116 sailed under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Wilhelm Grimme. Leaving Lorient on 22 September 1942,[12] she sent her last radio message on 6 October whilst in the North Atlantic at position 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45°N 31.5°W / 45; -31.5Coordinates: 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45°N 31.5°W / 45; -31.5, and was never heard from again. 56 men were lost with her.[2][5]

References

Notes
  1. Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. 1997. pp. 92-93. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Kemp, pp. 92-93.
  3. "Type XB Mine-laying boats - German U-boat Types of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/types/xb.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  4. Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 pp.248&249
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "The Type XB boat U-116 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/u116.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  6. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-116 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/patrols/u116.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  7. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 25 Apr 1942 to 5 May 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/patrols/patrol_3767.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  8. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 16 May 1942 to 9 Jun 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/patrols/patrol_3768.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  9. "Cortona (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/ships/1924.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  10. "Shaftesbury (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/ships/1921.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  11. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 27 Jun 1942 to 23 Aug 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/patrols/patrol_3769.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  12. "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 22 Sep 1942 to 6 Oct 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/boats/patrols/patrol_3770.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
Bibliography

External links

See also

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