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Gerhard Schröder
Interior Minister Schröder in 1960
Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs

In office
14 November 1961 – 30 November 1966
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
Ludwig Erhard
Preceded by Heinrich von Brentano
Succeeded by Willy Brandt
Federal Minister of Defence

In office
1 December 1966 – 21 October 1969
Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger
Preceded by Kai-Uwe von Hassel
Succeeded by Helmut Schmidt
Federal Minister of the Interior

In office
20 October 1953 – 13 November 1961
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
Preceded by Robert Lehr
Succeeded by Hermann Höcherl
Deputy Chairman of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group in the Bundestag

In office
24 June 1952 – 20 October 1953
Member of the Bundestag

In office
7 September 1949 – 4 November 1980
Personal details
Born (1910-09-11)11 September 1910
Saarbrücken,Rhine Province,Kingdom of Prussia,German Empire
Died 31 December 1989(1989-12-31) (aged 79)
Kampen (Sylt),Nordfriesland,Schleswig-Holstein,West Germany
Nationality German
Political party Nazi Party (1933–1941)
Christian Democratic Union (1945-1989)
Alma mater University of Bonn
University of Edinburgh
Religion Protestantism

Gerhard Schröder (11 September 1910 – 31 December 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party. He served as Federal Minister of the Interior from 1953 to 1961, as Foreign Minister from 1961 to 1966, and as Minister of Defence from 1966 until 1969. In the 1969 election he ran for President of Germany but was outpolled by Gustav Heinemann.


The son of a railway official, Schröder was born in Saarbrücken, then part of the Prussian Rhine Province. Having passed his Abitur exams, he went on to study law at the University of Königsberg and two semesters abroad at the University of Edinburgh, where he, according his own accounts, became familiar with a British way of life. In 1932 he finished his studies in Bonn he had committed himself to the university group of the national liberal German People's Party.

Schröder passed the first and second Staatsexamen in 1932 and 1936. Having obtained his doctorate in 1934 and worked as a consultant at the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in Berlin. Still as a referendary in Bonn, he had joined the Nazi Party on 1 April 1933 and also the SA. He continued his career as a law firm employee and in 1939 obtained an attorney's certificate and worked as a tax lawyer. He left the NSDAP in May 1941 (a rather rare occurrence). In the same month and perhaps in connection, he married his wife, Brigitte Schröder née Landsberg, needing - she was half-Jewish - with an extraordinary permission by his Armed Forces superiors.

He held federal office as Minister of the Interior (1953–1961) and as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1961–1966) in the cabinets of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and of Ludwig Erhard. From 1966 to 1969 he served as Minister of Defence under Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger.

In 1969 Gerhard Schröder ran for the Office of the Federal President (supported by CDU and NPD), but he was beaten by Gustav Heinemann, the nominee of the SPD (supported by FDP), at the third ballot with 49.4% to 48.8% of the votes of the Federal Assembly.

In the years following his active political activity, Schröder maintained a private discussion circle of former politicians, diplomats and economic officials who philosophized about the global problems of the new era but no longer intervened politically in day-to-day business. He supported the Reagan administration and endorsed the SDI program.

His last appearance in the Bundestag was on 17 June 1984, when he held the ceremonial address of the commemoration ceremony of the June 1953 bloody uprising.

Schröder died on December 31, 1989 in his house on Sylt. After his death, the German Bundestag honored him on January 12, 1990 with a state act in the plenary hall. Gerhard Schröder was buried in the cemetery of the island church of St. Severin in Keitum, Sylt.

Decorations and awards


External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Lehr
Federal Minister of the Interior
Succeeded by
Hermann Höcherl
Preceded by
Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo
Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Willy Brandt
Preceded by
Kai-Uwe von Hassel
Federal Minister of Defence
Succeeded by
Helmut Schmidt

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