February 14, 1902|
Rylsk, Kursk Province, Russian Empire
July 6, 1996 (aged 94)|
|Alma mater||Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences|
|Known for||Kurdyumov-Sachs (K-S) orientation|
Hero of Socialist Labor (1969)|
Orders of Lenin (1954, 1962, 1969, 1975 and 1982)
Order of the October Revolution (1972)
Orders of the Red Banner (1945 and 1958)
Georgii Vyacheslavovich Kurdyumov (February 14, 1902 – July 6, 1996) was a Soviet metallurgist and physicist. He went on to become one of the most famous metallurgist of his time in the Soviet Union. When the Institute of Solid State Physics was established on February 15, 1963, he was one of the main organizers of the institute.
Georgii Kurdyumov was born on February 14, 1902 in Rylsk, Kursk Province, Russian Empire. His father was a priest. He trained as a physicist at the Ioffe Institute in Saint Petersburg. As a young scientist, he took interest in metallurgy and after obtaining his diploma, he was one of the 220 Soviet Union scientists who were allowed to spend time abroad. He went to Germany, and worked with George Sachs in Berlin. Their collaboration resulted in Kurdyumov-Sachs (K-S) orientation.
After he moved back to the Soviet Union, he went to Ukraine and became one of the founders of the Dnepropetrovsk Physico-Technical Institute in Dnipropetrovsk. He was appointed director of the institute. After the Second World War, he and the institute moved to Moscow. He was Director of the Institute for Physical Metallurgy of the Central Research Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy in Moscow from 1944 to 1978. He also helped to establish the Laboratory for Metal Physics in Ukraine. The Laboratory for Metal Physics was founded on November 15, 1945, by the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (now the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). From 1945 to 1951, he was the head of the laboratory. Today it has been renamed as G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics.
The Institute of Solid State Physics was established by the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (now Russian Academy of Sciences) on February 15, 1963; he, together with Yuri Osipyan and Cheslav Kopetsky, were the main organizers of institute. He also supervised the PhD thesis of Osipyan. He was a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
He made major contributions to the development of physical metallurgy. He performed pioneering work in the study of martensitic transformation in crystalline materials that are of fundamental importance for the theory of phase transitions and heat treatment of steels and alloys.
He was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor (March 13, 1969), five Orders of Lenin (1954, 1962, 1969, 1975 and 1982), the Order of the October Revolution (1972), and two Orders of the Red Banner (1945 and 1958).
He died on July 6, 1996, in Moscow.
- Cahn (2001), p. 532.
- "About the Institute of Solid State Physics". Institute of Solid State Physics. http://www.issp.ac.ru/engl/about/2-issp. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Khalatnikov, Isaak M. (May 31, 2012). From the Atomic Bomb to the Landau Institute: Autobiography. Top Non-Secret. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 9. ISBN 3642275613.
- "Курдюмов Георгий Вячеславович" (in Russian). Герои страны. http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=12256. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Cahn (2001), p. 533.
- "History". G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics. http://www.imp.kiev.ua/?lang=eng&a=history. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Yuri A. Ossipyan (1931-2008)". Institute of Solid State Physics. http://www.issp.ac.ru/engl/rasmembers/33-ossipyan. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Epelboin, Yves (November 11, 2013). World Directory of Crystallographers: And of Other Scientists Employing Crystallographic Methods (9 ed.). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 152. ISBN 9401736995.
- Cahn, R.W. (2001). The Coming of Materials Science. Elsevier. ISBN 0080529429.
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