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Georgian Hussar Regiment
03 331 Book illustrations of Historical description of the clothes and weapons of Russian troops.jpg
An officer of the Georgian Hussar Regiment, 1741–1761.
Active 1738 — 1769
Country Russian Empire Russian Empire
Branch Imperial Russian Army
Size 600-800
Engagements

Russo-Turkish War (1735–39)
Russo-Swedish War (1741–43)
Seven Years' War (1756–63)

Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)
Commanders
First commander Mamuka of Mukhrani
Notable
commanders
  • Kaikhosro Gurieli
  • Knyaz Amilokhvarov
  • Franz de Swatschek

The Georgian Hussar Regiment (Russian: Грузинский гусарский полк; Gruzinskiy Hussarskiy Polk) was a military unit of the Russian Imperial Army which predominantly consisted by Moscow's Georgian community.

History

In 1722 King Vakhtang VI of Kartli declared his resolve on making the alliance with Russian Empire. The alliance with Russia aggravated Europe and all Near East who were overconcerned about the whole issue. Persia, Ottoman and Dagestan clans made preparations for Kartli's severe punishment. In 1724 Peter the Great signed a truce with Persia, and his successor, Catherine I gave no real help but allowed Vakhtang to settle in Russia, granting him a pension and some estates. Following the Vakhtang’s death in 1737, his nobles pledged their loyalty to the Russian crown and joined the Imperial army, forming a Georgian Hussar Regiment.

The Georgian Hussars had origin from volunteer Hussar companies served in Russian army during the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–1739. During campaign in 1739, "Wallachia Russian Army" under Field marshal Minikh included 4 companies of Georgian Hussars. During the regency of Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna, on 14 October 1741, four Hussar regiments, a Serbian (Serbskiy), a Moldavian (Moldavskiy), a Hungarian (Vengerskiy) and a Georgian (Gruzinskiy) were authorized.[1]

In theory, it then counted 10 companies for a total of about 962 men (800 troopers). However Johann Gottlieb Tielke specifically mentioned this regiment as counting 600 men.

References

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