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Sir George Johnson
Born (1903-11-28)November 28, 1903
Died Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{". 23 July 1980(23 July 1980-Expression error: Unrecognized word "november".-{{{3}}}) (aged Error: Need valid year, month, day)
Place of birth Walton, Cumberland[1]
Place of death Walton, Cumberland
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1925–1957
Rank Major General
Service number 28480
Unit Scots Guards
Commands held London District
1st Guards Brigade
32nd Guards Brigade
201st Guards Motor Brigade Group
3rd Battalion, Scots Guards
Battles/wars Arab revolt in Palestine
Second World War
Palestine Emergency
Awards Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order

Major General Sir George Frederick Johnson, KCVO CB CBE DSO DL (28 November 1903 – 23 July 1980) was a senior British Army officer who fought in the Second World War and was Major-General commanding the Household Brigade and General Officer Commanding London District.[2]

Early life and education

Johnson was born at Castlesteads House in Walton, Cumberland, to Frederick Ponsonby Johnson and Frances Mary Gray, daughter of William Gray. Sir Frederick Hankey was his grandfather and Sir Robert Johnson was a cousin.[3] He was educated at Eton College and King's College, Cambridge.[2]

Military career

He entered the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Scots Guards in 1925.[4] Promoted to lieutenant on 28 November 1925,[5] he attended the Staff College, Camberley, from 1934 to 1935.[6] He then served in Palestine during the Arab revolt as a General Staff Officer Grade 3 (GSO3) with the 5th Division, before appointed a GSO at London District in 1939.[4]

He served in the Second World War, becoming Commanding Officer (CO) of the 3rd Battalion, Scots Guards in 1940.[4] He went on to be Commander of 201st Guards Motor Brigade Group and was captured while fighting in the Western Desert Campaign in North Africa in 1942 and became a prisoner of war in Italy, but escaped in 1943.[4] In December 1943 he succeeded Brigadier John Marriott in command of the 32nd Guards Brigade, part of Major General Allan Adair's Guards Armoured Division, commanding the brigade throughout the campaign in North West Europe from 1944 to 1945.[4]

In July 1945, he handed over the brigade to Brigadier Joe Vandeleur and commanded the Scots Guards and then became commander of the 1st Guards Brigade in Palestine during the Palestine Emergency in 1947.[4] In 1949 he was made Chief of Staff at Scottish Command and in 1953 he was appointed Major-General commanding the Household Brigade and General Officer Commanding (GOC) London District.[4] He retired in 1957.[4]

He lived at Castlesteads near Brampton in Cumbria. He was appointed High Sheriff of Cumberland for 1966.[7]

Family

In 1938, he married Lady Ida Mary Ramsay, daughter of the 14th Earl Dalhousie, at Brechin Cathedral. They received a silver bowl from King George VI and Queen Elizabeth as a wedding present.[8] They had one daughter and two sons.[2]

References

  1. 1911 England Census
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Obituary: Maj-Gen Sir George Johnson". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 24 July 1980. p. 19. 
  3. Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1910) (in en). Armorial Families: A Directory of Gentlemen of Coat-armour. T.C. & E.C. Jack. p. 882. https://books.google.com/books?id=M2VHAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA882&dq=Frederick+Ponsonby+Johnson+and+Frances+Mary+Gray,+daughter+of+William+Gray.+Sir+Frederick+Hankey. Retrieved 18 February 2020. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Sir George Frederick Johnson Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  5. "No. 33214". 22 October 1926. p. 6751. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33214/page/6751 
  6. "No. 34017". 23 January 1934. p. 540. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/34017/page/540 
  7. "No. 43921". 11 March 1966. p. 2704. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/43921/page/2704 
  8. "Wedding Presents – Captain G. F. Johnson And Lady Ida Ramsay". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 4 January 1938. p. 15. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Julian Gascoigne
GOC London District
1953–1957
Succeeded by
Sir Rodney Moore

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