|Galeão Air Force Base|
Base Aérea do Galeão
|IATA: none – ICAO: SBGL|
|Airport type||Military: Air Force Base|
|Operator||Brazilian Air Force|
|Serves||Rio de Janeiro|
|In use||1941 – present|
|Commander||Ten. Cel. Av. Saulo Valadares do Amaral|
|Elevation AMSL||9 m / 28 ft|
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|Sources: Air Force Base Website, Brazilian Air Force|
Galeão Air Force Base – BAGL (ICAO: SBGL) is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named after Praia do Galeão (Galleon Beach), located in front of the original passenger terminal of the airport and presently the passenger terminal of the Brazilian Air Force. It was at this beach that in 1663 the galleon Padre Eterno was built.
It shares some facilities with Rio de Janeiro/Galeão-Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport.
The history of the Base begins on 10 May 1923 when a School of Naval Aviation was established near the Galeão beach. On 22 May 1941 with the creation of the Air Force Ministry in Brazil, the school became the Galeão Air Force Base and a terminal and hangars were built at the location and the runway extended. Those buildings still exist. When Brazil declared war against the Axis on 22 August 1942, the aerodrome began to be intensively used by the Allies for military operations related to the World War II.
With the end of the war, the increase of tonnage of aircraft flying on international routes and number of passengers, and being Santos Dumont Airport unable to handle all the traffic international flights gradually shifted to the site of the Air Force Base. Although it informally handled long-haul international traffic, services were however precarious and a decision was made to build a brand new passenger terminal, opposite the Air Force Base, across the runway. On 1 February 1952 the passenger terminal was opened and public and military services were separated.
After the completion of a new passenger terminal in 1977, the original public facility became the passenger terminal for passenger flights operated by the Brazilian Air Force. Since then it is informally known as Terminal do Correio Aéreo Nacional (Terminal of the Brazilian Air Force Passenger Services).
On 3 May 1982 a Royal Air Force Avro Vulcan bomber was intercepted by the aircraft of the 1° Grupo de Aviação de Caça (1ºGAvCa) based at Santa Cruz Air Force Base. The Vulcan had finished the Operation Black Buck 6 during the Falklands War and was returning to Ascension Island when it suffered technical problems: while attempting to refuel from a tanker aircraft, the tip of the probe broke. With insufficient fuel to return to its base at Ascension Island, the Vulcan declared mayday, it was intercepted upon entering Brazilian airspace and made to land at Galeão Air Force Base. The Brazilian aircraft flew back to Santa Cruz Air Force Base having successfully accomplished their mission. The Vulcan and its crew were interned at Galeão Air Force Base for nine days, before they were returned on 11 June, when diplomacy of the countries involved clarified the incident.
The following units are based at Galeão Air Force Base:
Subordinated to the command of the 5th Air Force (V FAe), which is dedicated to Transport Aviation:
- 1st Squadron of the 1st Transportation Group (1°/1°GT), the Gordo Squadron, using C-130H and KC-130H (Lockheed C-130 Hercules) aircraft for transport and aerial refueling missions.
- 1st Squadron of the 2nd Transportation Group (1°/2°GT), the Condor Squadron, using C-99A (Embraer ERJ 145) aircraft for transport, including for the missions of the Brazilian Air Force Passenger Services.
- 2nd Squadron of the 2nd Transportation Group (2°/2°GT), the Corsário Squadron, using KC-137 (Boeing 707) aircraft for aerial refueling and transport missions.
Subordinated to the command of the 3rd Regional Air Force Command (III COMAR):
- 3rd Squadron of Air Transportation (3°ETA), the Pioneiro Squadron, using C-95 and C-95B (Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante) and C-97 (Embraer EMB 120 Brasília) aircraft for transport, logistics, and humanitary missions.
Additionally, the Batalhão de Infantaria de Aeronáutica Especial do Galeão (BINFAE-GL), an Infantry Battalion of the Brazilian Air Force that guards the Base, is also based at Galeão Air Force Base.
Accidents and incidents
- 25 February 1960: (1960 Rio de Janeiro air crash) a United States Navy Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6A) registration 131582 flying from Buenos Aires-Ezeiza to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão Air Force Base collided in the air over Guanabara Bay close to the Sugarloaf Mountain with a Real Transportes Aéreos Douglas DC-3 registration PP-AXD operating flight 751 from Campos dos Goytacazes to Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont. The probable causes of the accident are disputed but include error of personnel and faulty equipment. Of the 38 occupants of the American aircraft, 3 survived. All 26 passengers and crew of the Brazilian aircraft died.
- 12 November 1990: a Brazilian Air Force de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo registration FAB-2350 crashed upon take-off from Galeão Air Force Base. Of the 9 occupants, 1 survived.
- 2 August 2011: a Brazilian Air Force Cessna C-98A Grand Caravan registration FAB-2735 en route from Canoas Air Force Base to Galeão Air Force Base crashed near the location of Bom Jardim da Serra. All eight occupants died.
The base is located 20 km from Rio de Janeiro downtown in the district of Governador Island.
- Rio de Janeiro/Galeão–Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport
- Air Force Base Official Website
- Brazilian Air Force Official Website
- Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica (1990) (in Portuguese). História Geral da Aeronáutica Brasileira: de 1921 às vésperas da criação do Ministério da Aeronáutica. 2. Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro: Itatiaia and Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica. pp. 58–74.
- Pereira, Aldo (1987) (in Portuguese). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Europa Empresa Gráfica e Editora. pp. 403–405.
- "Operation Black Buck". Mongsoft. http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/mongsoft/black_buck_page.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- Casado, José; Oliveira, Eliane (April 21, 2012). "País temia um conflito de grandes proporções nas Ilhas Malvinas" (in Portuguese). O Globo. http://oglobo.globo.com/pais/pais-temia-um-conflito-de-grandes-proporcoes-nas-ilhas-malvinas-4707912. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Chant, Chris (2001). Air War in the Falklands 1982. Osprey Publishing Limited. p. 92. ISBN 1841762938. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6gcWXswKueAC&pg=PA92&dq=vulcan+1982+brazil+XM597&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zKnpUO7AGMeY1AX9roHQAg&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=vulcan%201982%20brazil%20XM597&f=false.
- "1°/1ºGT – Esquadrão Gordo" (in Portuguese). Spotter. http://www.spotter.com.br/esquadroes/gordo_02.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "1º/2ºGT – Esquadrão Condor" (in Portuguese). Spotter. http://www.spotter.com.br/esquadroes/condor_02.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "2º/2ºGT – Esquadrão Corsário" (in Portuguese). Spotter. http://www.spotter.com.br/esquadroes/corsario_02.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "3ºETA – Esquadrão Pioneiro" (in Portuguese). Spotter. http://www.spotter.com.br/esquadroes/pioneiro_02.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "Accident description 131582". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600225-3. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "Accident description PP-AXD". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19600225-2. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Torre de Babel" (in Portuguese). O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 182–186. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- "Accident description FAB-2350". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19901112-0. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- "Accident description FAB-2735". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20110802-0. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Airport information for SBGL at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for SBGL at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for SBGL at NOAA/National Weather Service
- Accident history for GIG at Aviation Safety Network
- Photos of the C-130 used by Gordo Squadron at spotters.com.br
- Photos of the C-99A used by Condor Squadron at spotters.com.br
- Photos of the KC-137 used by Corsário Squadron at spotters.com.br
- Photos of the C-95 and C-97 used by Pioneiro Squadron at spotters.com.br
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