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The '''GHQ Line''' (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the [[United Kingdom]] during [[World War II]] to contain an expected [[Nazi Germany|German]] [[Operation Sealion|invasion]].
 
The '''GHQ Line''' (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the [[United Kingdom]] during [[World War II]] to contain an expected [[Nazi Germany|German]] [[Operation Sealion|invasion]].
   
The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in [[France]] after the [[Operation Dynamo|Dunkirk]] evacuation. It was therefore decided to build a static system of defensive lines around Britain, all designed to compartmentalise the country and delay the Germans long enough for more mobile forces to counter-attack. Over 50 defensive lines were constructed around Britain, the GHQ Line being the longest and most important, designed to protect London and the industrial heart of Britain.
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The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France after the [[Operation Dynamo|Dunkirk]] evacuation. It was therefore decided to build a static system of defensive lines around Britain, all designed to compartmentalise the country and delay the Germans long enough for more mobile forces to counter-attack. Over 50 defensive lines were constructed around Britain, the GHQ Line being the longest and most important, designed to protect London and the industrial heart of Britain.
   
The GHQ Line ran from the northern end of the [[Taunton Stop Line]] near [[Highbridge, Somerset|Highbridge]] in Somerset, along the [[River Brue]] and the [[Kennet and Avon Canal]] to Reading, around the south of London south of Guildford and Aldershot, to [[Canvey Island]] and [[Great Chesterford]] in Essex, before heading north to end in Yorkshire.
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The GHQ Line ran from the northern end of the [[Taunton Stop Line]] near [[Highbridge, Somerset|Highbridge]] in Somerset, along the [[River Brue]] and the [[Kennet and Avon Canal]] to Reading, around the south of London south of Guildford and Aldershot, to Canvey Island and [[Great Chesterford]] in Essex, before heading north to end in Yorkshire.
   
On the section of the line in Essex, between Great Chesterford and Canvey Island, the defences were made up of around 400 FW3 type concrete [[Bunker#Pillbox|pillboxes]], which were part of the [[British hardened field defences of World War II]]. Well over 100 pillboxes still exist on this section in 2012, with around 40 highly visible FW3 Type 22, 24, 26, 27 and 28 boxes between the Rettendon Turnpike and [[Howe Green, Chelmsford|Howe Green]], mostly alongside the recently constructed [[A130 road|A130]]. Many more FW3s are still in place north of [[Chelmsford]] along the Chelmer Valley and towards [[Great Dunmow]].
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On the section of the line in Essex, between Great Chesterford and Canvey Island, the defences were made up of around 400 FW3 type concrete [[Bunker#Pillbox|pillboxes]], which were part of the [[British hardened field defences of World War II]]. Well over 100 pillboxes still exist on this section in 2012, with around 40 highly visible FW3 Type 22, 24, 26, 27 and 28 boxes between the Rettendon Turnpike and [[Howe Green, Chelmsford|Howe Green]], mostly alongside the recently constructed [[A130 road|A130]]. Many more FW3s are still in place north of Chelmsford along the Chelmer Valley and towards Great Dunmow.
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Latest revision as of 14:25, 19 April 2017

A FW3/22 type pillbox near the Kennet and Avon Canal

The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion.

The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France after the Dunkirk evacuation. It was therefore decided to build a static system of defensive lines around Britain, all designed to compartmentalise the country and delay the Germans long enough for more mobile forces to counter-attack. Over 50 defensive lines were constructed around Britain, the GHQ Line being the longest and most important, designed to protect London and the industrial heart of Britain.

The GHQ Line ran from the northern end of the Taunton Stop Line near Highbridge in Somerset, along the River Brue and the Kennet and Avon Canal to Reading, around the south of London south of Guildford and Aldershot, to Canvey Island and Great Chesterford in Essex, before heading north to end in Yorkshire.

On the section of the line in Essex, between Great Chesterford and Canvey Island, the defences were made up of around 400 FW3 type concrete pillboxes, which were part of the British hardened field defences of World War II. Well over 100 pillboxes still exist on this section in 2012, with around 40 highly visible FW3 Type 22, 24, 26, 27 and 28 boxes between the Rettendon Turnpike and Howe Green, mostly alongside the recently constructed A130. Many more FW3s are still in place north of Chelmsford along the Chelmer Valley and towards Great Dunmow.

See also[]

External links[]

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