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His Excellency Excelentísimo Señor
Fructuoso Rivera
1st President of Uruguay

In office
November 6, 1830 – October 24, 1834
Preceded by Luis Eduardo Pérez
Succeeded by Carlos Anaya
Personal details
Born (1784-10-17)October 17, 1784
Durazno, Uruguay
Died January 13, 1854(1854-01-13) (aged 69)
Melo, Uruguay
Nationality Uruguayan
Political party Colorado Party
Profession Military

José Fructuoso Rivera y Toscana (October 17, 1784 – January 13, 1854) was an Uruguayan general and patriot who assisted in the efforts to force Brazilians out of the Banda Oriental.

Founder of Colorado Party and President of Uruguay

He founded the Colorado political tradition. He served as the first President of Uruguay from 6 November 1830 to 24 October 1834.

Varied reputation

Rivera's brilliance as a military figure is widely recognized, though his two presidencies (1830-1834 and 1839–1843) were characterized by ineptness and neglect. He was responsible for the Salsipuedes Genocide in 1831.

Later legacy

His later legacy in Uruguayan political history, and more particularly among members of the Colorado Party, lies somewhat in symbolizing strong personal leadership. A 'Riverista' tendency (among others, represented by Jorge Pacheco Areco and the Bordaberry family) in the Colorado Party has long existed as a counterpoint to the 'Batllista' and other sectors.

Preceded by
Luis Eduardo Pérez (interim)
President of Uruguay
1830 – 1834
Succeeded by
Carlos Anaya
Preceded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
President of Uruguay
1838 – 1839
Succeeded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
Preceded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
President of Uruguay
1839 – 1843
Succeeded by
Joaquín Suárez de Rondelo

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