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Front of Patriotic and National Parties
Participant in Lebanese civil war (1975-1990)
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Front of Patriotic and National Parties logo (1976-1982).
Active Until 1982
Leaders Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila
Headquarters Beirut
Allies Syrian Army
Opponents Lebanese Front, Lebanese National Movement (LNM)

The Front of Patriotic and National Parties – FPNP (Arabic: Jabhat al-Ahzab wa al-Kiwa al-Wataniyya) or Front Patriotique des Parties Nacionaux (FPPN) in French, was a Syrian-backed coalition of Lebanese Political parties formed in the late 1970s.

Origins

It was formed in late March 1976 at West Beirut by breakaway sections of the Lebanese National Movement (LNM), which included the pro-Syrian factions of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP) and the Lebanese Baath Party, the Shia Amal Movement led by Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila’s Union of Working People’s Forces (UWPF) and the Kurdish Razkari Party.

Decline and demise

The alliance lasted until mid-1982, when it collapsed together with their LNM rival in the wake of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

See also

References

  • Edgar O'Ballance, Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92, Palgrave Macmillan, 1998. ISBN 0-333-72975-7
  • Rex Brynen, Sanctuary and Survival: the PLO in Lebanon, Boulder: Westview Press, 1990.

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