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Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin Freiherr von Forcade de Biaix
Born Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix
(1784-05-12)12 May 1784[1]
Brieg, Silesia, Prussia[1]
Died 22 October 1840(1840-10-22)[1]
Breslau, Schlesien, Prussia[1]
Cause of death accident, fell to death[1]
Title Baron,[2] Freiherr[1]
Herr of Schleibitz, Hamm, Gross-Naedlitz and Loslau
Kammerherr[1]
Drost in Neuenrade
Spouse(s) Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Elisabeth von Poser and Gross-Naedlitz, from the house of Peuke (1804)
Children 5
Parents Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix
Johanna Christine Wilhelmine von Koschembahr und Skorkau from the house of Ossen
Military career
Allegiance  Prussia
Service/branch Prussian Army
Years of service 1797-1804, 1813-1832
Rank Captain[1]
Unit 23rd Prussian Infantry Regiment (1797-1804)
8th Silesian Landwehr Infantry Regiment (1813-1832)
Commands held Company Commander , 8th Silesian Landwehr Infantry Regiment (1813-1832)
Battles/wars
Awards Knight of the Order of Saint John (1817)
Knight of the Iron Cross 2nd Class (1813)
Campaign Medal 1813-15

Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin Freiherr von Forcade de Biaix,[1] aka Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix,[3][4] Herr of Schleibitz, Hamm, Groß-Naedlitz and Loslau, aka the Baron von Forcade,[2] (* (1784-05-12)12 May 1784, Brieg, Silesia; † 22 October 1840(1840-10-22),[4] Breslau, Silesia),[5] Royal Prussian Major, Knight of the Iron Cross 2nd Class[5][6] on 26 August 1813, knighted by His Majesty Frederick William III of Prussia as Knight of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)[3][5][6] (Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens Sankt Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem) in 1817, Royal Prussian Chamberlain[3][6] (Kammerherr)[1][2] and Castellan (Drost) of Neuenrade in the County of Mark,[3] after his father's death in 1808. He was also a publisher author and theater director.[7]

Military career

File:The Red House near Dresden 1813.jpg

The Red House in Strehlen near Dresden, 26 August 1813, during the Battle of Dresden

He followed the military tradition of his family, and:

  • 1797, entered Prussian military service in the 23rd Prussian Infantry Regiment.
  • 1804, discharged from Prussian military service.
  • 1804, his Majesty Frederick William III of Prussia awarded him office of Royal Chamberlain (German language: Königlicher Kammerherr).
  • 1806, Standesherr in Loslau
  • 1808, inherited the office of Castellan (German language: Drost) of Neuenrade in the County of Mark upon his father's death.[3]
  • 1813, responded to the general call-up and mobilization of military reservists and Landwehr, and reentered Prussian military service.
  • 1813, helped organize and train six Companies of Landwehr.
  • 26 August 1813, recognized for his heroic actions defending the so-called Red House at Strehlen near Dresden against a vastly superior enemy during the Battle of Dresden.
  • 1813-1815, participated in the Campaigns of 1813-1815 during the War of the Sixth Coalition as a Captain and Company Commander of the 8th Silesian Landwehr Infantry Regiment.
  • 1817, his Majesty Frederick William III of Prussia awarded him Knight of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)[3][5] (German language: Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens Sankt Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem).
  • Captain in the Gendarmerie in Breslau
  • 1825, awarded the Knight of the Iron Cross 2nd Class for his heroic actions defending the so-called Red House against a vastly superior enemy during the Battle of Dresden on 26 August 1813.
  • 1832, took his retirement.

Family

Coat of Arms

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms, Prussian Branch, circa 1820

The family motto of the Prussian branch is "In Virtute Pertinax".[8]

Coat of Arms: An escutcheon with the field divided into four parts. Left half: argent tincture, a gules lion holding a sinople eradicated oak tree between its paws; azure tincture charged with three or mullets; Right half: a gules castle with three towers on an argent tincture; sinople tincture charged with three argent roses below it. A Grafenkrone (Count's coronet) as helmut on top of the escutcheon, crested with a or fleur-de-lis. Two or lions supporting the escutcheon. Motto: "In Virtute Pertinax".

Heraldic Symbolism: The lion symbolizes courage; the eradicated oak tree symbolizes strength and endurance; the towers are symbols of defense and of individual fortitude; the mullets (5-star) symbolizes divine quality bestowed by god; the rose is a symbol of hope and joy; the fleur-de-lis is the floral emblem of France; the coronet is a symbol of victory, sovereignty and empire. A Count's coronet to demonstrate rank and because the family originally served the counts of Foix and Béarn during the English Wars in the Middle Ages.

Forcade-Biaix Coat of Arms,[4][9] Silesia Branch, date unknown, pre-1900

Parents

His father was Friedrich Heinrich Ferdinand Leopold von Forcade de Biaix[3] (1747-1808), a Royal Prussian Lieutenant Colonel, recipient of Kingdom of Prussia's highest military order of merit for heroism, Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite[3] and Castellan (Drost) of Neuenrade in the County of Mark.[3]

He married in 1782[3] at Ossen Manor in Oels, Silesia, to Wilhelmine von Koshembahr und Skorkau[3] (1762-????), from the house of Ossen.[10] She was the daughter of Christian Leopold von Koschembahr und Skorkau, Herr of Ober- and Nieder-Ossen, Pühlau, Dörndorf and Jacobsdorf, and his 2nd wife Charlotte Wilhelmine Wutge von Wutgenau.

Marriage

Friedrich Wilhelm Leopold Konstantin Quirin von Forcade de Biaix married at the Rittergut Peuke in Oels county on 26 November 1804[3] with Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Elisabeth von Poser und Gross-Naedlitz,[3][5] from the house of Peuke[3][5] (* 25 November 1785, Rittergut Peuke, Oels; † 11 September 1818,[3] Waldenburg near Breslau), the daughter of Johann Gottlieb Sylvius von Poser und Groß-Naedlitz, Herr of Perschau and Domsel (1739-1817), a Royal Prussian lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp (German language: Flügeladjutant) to Frederick William III of Prussia, and his 4th wife, Amalie Johanna Henriette Helene von Loeben (1762-1823).

Children

The couple had had at least five daughters, but by the time his wife died in 1818, only one daughter was still alive. The family line extinguished in 1840 without a son to carry it on.

  • Adelheid von Forcade de Biaix (* 23 October 1805 at Schleibitz Manor, Oels; † 4 July 1808, Schleibitz Manor, Oels)
  • Emilie von Forcade de Biaix (* 13 October 1806 at Schleibitz Manor, Oels; † 23 July 1808, Groß-Nädlitz near Breslau, Lower Silesia)
  • Johanne von Forcade de Biaix (* 29 December 1807 at Groß-Nädlitz near Breslau, Lower Silesia; † 10 June 1810, Schleibitz Manor)
  • Amalie Wilhelmine Henriette Ernestine Bianca von Forcade de Biaix (* 27 July 1811 at Schleibitz Manor, Oels, Silesia; † 16 April 1880, Lauban, Silesia). She married 17 January 1832 at Krakowahne Castle, Trebnitz County in Silesia with Heinrich Sylvius Friedrich Adolf von Randow, Herr of Pangau (* 25 January 1807, Oels, Silesia; † 29 September 1859, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Royal Prussian Captain in the Artillery and a professional engineer (railways), who emigrated in 1853 to Brazil.
  • an unnamed daughter (* 13 March 1818, Klein Ullersdorf), who died an infant.

Other Family

Titles and Offices

Historical terms, in particular those related to offices, titles and awards, are often outdated in their usage to the point that modern dictionaries no longer contain them. To understand their meaning in the present day context it is necessary to look into dictionaries from the period. Historical terms in German used in the production of this article, and their English definitions, include:

Drost zu Neuenrade

Castellan of Neuenrade

  • Drost (der): synonym with "Landdrost", "Landshauptmann" and "Landsvogt"; a Lord Seneschal, a Governor of a certain part of a country, an Upper Bailiff, a Castellan See: Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 1: ... Containing the Letters A - G of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796, Page 618 (in German and English)

Kammerherr

Chamberlain

  • Kammerherr (der): a Chamberlain; see also Kammerer See: Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 2: ... Containing the Letters H - R of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796, Page 284 (in German and English)

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Breslau (Wroclow) Garrison Parish, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths 1805-1905, p. 288 (in German manuscript) (subscription required)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Wendt, 1831, p. 17 (in German)
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 391 (in German)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Blažek, Part 3, pp. 131-132 (in German)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 2, Page 180 (in German)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 1839 Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof, Page 10 (in German)
  7. Deutsch Biographie (in German)
  8. Champeaux, Page 105 (in French)
  9. Blažek, Part 3, p. 267, Table 85 (in German)
  10. Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 390 (in German)
  11. VIFA - Ausländer im vorrevolutionären Russland, Institut für Ost- und Südeuropaforschung, Erik-Amburger-Datenbank, Datensatz: 86859 (in German)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Zedlitz-Neukirch, Band 4, Page 392 (in German)

References

  • Blažek, Konrad: J. Siebmacher's grosses und allgemeines Wappenbuch in einer neuen, vollständig geordneten und reich vermehrten Auflage mit heraldischen und historisch- genealogischen Erläuterungen; Sechsten Bandes Achte Abtheilung. Der abgestorbene Adel der Preussischen Provinz Schlesien. Dritter Theil, Nürnberg 1894, Page 131 & Page 267 Table 85. (in German)
  • Champeaux, Joseph de: Devises, cris de guerre, légendes, dictons, Dijon 1890, Page 105. (in French)
  • Preußen: Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat für das Jahr 1839, Berlin 1839, Page 10 (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: E - H, Band 2, 1836, Pages 179-180. (in German)
  • Zedlitz-Neukirch, Leopold von: Neues preußisches Adelslexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten von den in der preussischen Monarchie ansässigen oder zu derselben in Beziehung stehenden fürstlichen, gräflichen, freiherrlichen und adeligen Häusern mit der Angabe ihrer Abstammung, ihres Besitzthums, ihres Wappens und der aus ihnen hervorgegangenen Civil- und Militärpersonen, Helden, Gelehrten und Künstler: P - Z, Band 4, 1837, Pages 390-392. (in German)

Literature

  • Archiv der Stiftung Zentralstelle für Personen- und Familiengeschichte, Berlin-Dahlem
  • Danty, Pierre: Revue de Pau et du Béarn, Une famille béarnaise au service de la Prusse : les Forcade-Biaix, La Société des Sciences Lettres et Arts de Pau et du Béarn, 1978, Nr. 6, Pages 269-272. (in French)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 1: ... Containing the Letters A - G of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 2: ... Containing the Letters H - R of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Ebers, Johann, The New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English Languages: composed chiefly after the German Dictionaries of Mr. Adelung and of Mr. Schwan / 3: ... Containing the Letters S - Z of the German Alphabet explained in English, Leipzig 1796 (in German and English)
  • Gieraths, Günther: Die Kampfhandlungen der brandenburgisch-preussischen Armee, 1626-1807, Band 8, Berlin 1964, Pages 79 & 111. (in German)
  • Kneschke, Ernst Heinrich: Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon, Band 3, Leipzig 1861, Pages 293-294. (in German)
  • König, Anton Balthasar: Biographisches Lexikon aller Helden und Militairpersonen, welche sich in Preußischen Diensten berühmt gemacht haben: A - F, Band 1, Pages 429-432. (in German)
  • Komander, Gerhild H. M.: Der Wandel des "Sehepuncktes". Die Geschichte Brandenburg-Preußens in der Graphik von 1648 bis 1810. Münster 1995, Pages 310-311. (in German)
  • Kroener, Bernhard: Potsdam: Staat, Armee, Residenz in der preussisch-deutschen Militärgeschichte. (in German)
  • Ledebur, Leopold von: Allgemeines Archiv für die Geschichtskunde des Preußischen Staates, Band 17, Berlin 1835, Page 43. (in German)
  • Priesdorff, Kurt von: Soldatisches Führertum, Band 1, Hamburg 1937, Pages 354-356, Nr. 371. (in German)
  • Schöning, Kurd Wolfgang von: Die Generale der chur-brandenburgischen und königlich preussischen Armee von 1640-1840. (Chronologische Uebersicht der Brandenb. Preuss. Generalität seit 1640.) Eine historische Uebersicht, sammt vielen eingewebten urkundlichen Notizen als Jubelschrift dem vaterländischen Kriegesheere geweiht, Page 71, Nr. 364. (in German)
  • Wendt, Dr. Johann (General-Sekretair).: Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Uebersicht der Arbeiten und Veränderungen schlessichen Gesellschaft für vaterländifche Cultur im Jahre 1830. Allgemeiner Bericht über die Arbeiten unp Veränderungen der Gesellschaft in verfloßnen Jahren 1830, vorgetragen in der allgemeinen Sitzung den 17. Dezember., Die Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Graß, Barth und Comp., Breslau 1831, p. 17. (in German)
  • Wendt, Dr. Johann (General-Sekretair).: Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Uebersicht der Arbeiten und Veränderungen schlessichen Gesellschaft für vaterländifche Cultur im Jahre 1837. Allgemeiner Bericht über die Arbeiten unp Veränderungen der Gesellschaft in verfloßnen Jahren 1837, vorgetragen in der allgemeinen Sitzung den 15. Dezember., Die Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Graß, Barth und Comp., Breslau 1838, pp. 16, 24, 67, 176, 222. (in German)
  • Wendt, Dr. Johann (General-Sekretair).: Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Uebersicht der Arbeiten und Veränderungen schlessichen Gesellschaft für vaterländifche Cultur im Jahre 1840. Allgemeiner Bericht über die Arbeiten unp Veränderungen der Gesellschaft in verfloßnen Jahren 1840, vorgetragen in der allgemeinen Sitzung den 18. Dezember., Die Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Graß, Barth und Comp., Breslau 1841, p. 16. (in German)

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