|French ship Scipion (1779)|
|Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5096.jpg|
|Fate:||Ran aground 1782|
|Class & type:||Scipion-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1,500 tonnes|
|Length:||53.8 m (177 ft)|
|Beam:||14.1 m (46 ft)|
|Draught:||7.3 m (24 ft)|
|Armament:||74 to 78 guns of various weights of shot|
Scipion was a French warship of the 18th century, lead ship of her class. It was completed in 1779.
Accounts cited that it was one of the three new naval vessels - along with Hercule (1798) and Pluton (1778) - built by the French that was so top-heavy, they nearly capsized. To correct Scipion's problem, a stowage was altered and a ballast replaced a part of the water supply. These remedies, however, failed so the French had to shorten the mast to make it seaworthy.
In the Action of 18 October 1782, under Captain Nicolas Henri de Grimouard, Scipion fought gallantly against two British ships of the line of 90 and 74 guns. Through good sailmanship, she managed to damage HMS London and escape, but was destroyed the next day after she was chased and ran aground.
- Dull, Jonathan R. (1975). The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774-1787. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 146. ISBN 9781400868131.
- Morton, Brian N.; Spinelli, Donald C. (2003). Beaumarchais and the American Revolution. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. pp. 231. ISBN 0739104683.
- Reed, Edward James (2011). A Treatise on the Stability of Ships. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 222. ISBN 9781108026437.
- Allen, Joseph (1852). Battles of the British Navy. London: Henry Bohn. pp. 349–350. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_PVE2AAAAMAAJ. "Scipion."
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