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French ship Flamand (1764)
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Flamand
Namesake: States of Flander
Builder: Bordeaux[1]
Laid down: October 1762[1]
Launched: 11 May 1765[1]
In service: July 1765[1]
Out of service: 1785[1]
General characteristics
Displacement: 1100 tonnes[1]
Length: 50.7 metres[1]
Beam: 13.8 metres[1]
Draught: 6.3 metres[1]
Propulsion: Sail, full rigged ship
Complement: 560 men[2]
Armament:

56 guns:

Armour: Timber

The Flamand was a 56-gun Bordelois-class ship of the line of the French Navy. She was funded by a don des vaisseaux donation from the States of Flander, and built by engineer Léon Guignace on a design by Antoine Groignard. Completed too late to serve in the Seven Years' War, she later served in the Indian Ocean under Suffren during the American War of Independence.[1]

Career

Commissioned in July 1765, Flamand arrived in Rochefort on 16 July 1765, after a three-day cruise from Bordeaux. She was refitted in 1771, and took the Bayonne station in 1773.[1]

During the American War of Independence, Flamand was part of Suffren's squadron in the Indian Ocean. She took part in the Battle of Sadras under Captain Hyacinthe-Marie Cavelier de Cuverville, and battled the much stronger 74-gun HMS Hero at the Battle of Negapatam. The year after, she took part in the Battle of Cuddalore under Captain Périer de Salvert, and later first officer Trublet de Villejégu after Salvert was killed in action.[1] There were talks to sell her to the Ottoman Empire like her sister-ship Ferme, but the 100 000-piastre sell price of Ferme had discouraged the Turks.[2]

Notes and references

Notes

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. pp. 202. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. pp. 198. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 

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