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French ship Duguesclin (1848)
Suffren-IMG 8647.jpg
1/20th scale model of Suffren, lead ship of Duguesclin's class, on display at the Musée national de la Marine
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Duguesclin
Namesake: Bertrand du Guesclin
Builder: Rochefort [1]
Laid down: 26 March 1823 [1]
Launched: 3 May 1848 [1]
Struck: 17 December 1859 [1]
Fate: Ran aground and lost, scrapped on site
General characteristics
Class & type: Suffren class ship of the line
Displacement: 4 070 tonnes
Length: 60.50 m (198.5 ft)
Beam: 16.28 m (53.4 ft)
Draught: 7.40 m (24.3 ft)
Propulsion: 3114 m² of sails
Complement: 810 to 846 men
Armament:
Armour: 6.97 cm of timber

The Duguesclin was a 90-gun Ship of the line of the French Navy. She was the second ship in French service named in honour of Bertrand du Guesclin.

Career

Bayard was first used as barracks for prisoners sent to deportation to Îles du Salut, and then as a transport for those sent to the Bagne of Cayenne. She then took part in the Crimean War in the Black Sea in 1854 and 1855.[1] On 6 July 1854, Duguesclin ran aground on the Warren Rock, off Cronstadt, Russia as the buoy marking it had been removed by the Russians. Her upper and middle deck guns had to be removed before she could be refloated.[2]

On 14 December 1859, as she conducted trials of her newly installed steam engine under Commander Choux,[3] she ran aground on Île Longue. All efforts to raise her proved fruitless and she was scrapped.[1] Her engine was used on Jean Bart.[3]

Notes, citations, and references

Notes

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Roche, vol.1, p.162
  2. "The War". London. 24 July 1854. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 90-guns ships-of-the-line Archived 2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine.

References

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