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French ship Couronne (1636)
Couronne IMG 7007.JPG
The Couronne. Frontispiece of Hydrographie by Georges Fournier, 1643.
Career (Kingdom of France) French Navy Ensign
Builder: Charles Morieu
chantiers de La Roche-Bernard
Commissioned: 1636
Decommissioned: 1645
In service: 1631
Out of service: 1645
Fate: scrapped
General characteristics
Length: 52 metre hull, 10 metre-long bowsprit
Beam: 14.30 metres
Complement: 643 men
Armament:

68 guns:

  • Lower battery 32 18-pounder long guns
  • Upper battery: 24 9-pounder long guns
  • Castles: 16 6-pounder long guns
Armour: Timber

The Couronne (French for "crown") was an emblematic ship of the French Navy built by order of Richelieu.

The Couronne was the first major warship to be built by the French themselves in accordance to Richelieu's plans to renew the French Navy, after a series of warships had been built by the Dutch. The construction was supervised by Isaac de Launay Razilly (died in Arcadia 1635),[1] and overseen by the famous carpenter Charles Morieu, from Dieppe. She was being constructed at La Roche-Bernard and was one of the most advanced units of her time. After launch in 1632 or 1633, she was moved to Brouage in September 1634 where she was completed around 1635 by Mathieu Casteau. She carried 68 heavy guns, 8 firing to the bow and 8 to the aft, an unusual feature until Dupuy de Lôme redesigned naval artillery.

The Couronne took part in the Battle of Guetaria in 1638, and another expedition to Spain in 1639 under Henri de Sourdis.

The ship was disarmed in 1641 and scrapped between 1643-1645.

References

  1. Instruction sheet for "La Couronne", Heller Model Company

External links

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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