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French ship Bordelois (1763)
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Bordelois[notes 1]
Namesake: City of Bordeaux
Builder: Bordeaux[1]
Laid down: January 1762[1]
Launched: 26 April 1763[1]
In service: July 1763[1]
Out of service: 19 June 1779[1]
Renamed: États d'Artois in 1779
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Artois
Acquired: captured by HMS Romney on 1 July 1780
General characteristics
Displacement: 1100 tonnes[1]
Length: 50.7 metres[1]
Beam: 13.8 metres[1]
Draught: 6.3 metres[1]
Propulsion: Sail, full rigged ship

56 guns:

Armour: Timber

The Bordelois was a 56-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, lead ship of her class. She was funded by a don des vaisseaux donation from the city of Bordeaux, and built by engineer Léon Guignace on a design by Antoine Groignard.[1] Complete too late to serve in the Seven Years' War, she was razéed into a frigate and used as an East indiaman. She was rebuilt into a frigate to serve in the War of American Independence. Captured by HMS Romney, she was brought into British service as HMS Artois.


Bordelois was commissionned in July 1763 under Captain Charles de Cornick-Duchène, arriving in Rochefort on 6 September after the end of the Seven Years' War.[1][2] In 1768, she was razéed to a large frigate, while her spare timber was used to rebuild the Ferme.[1]

From 1776 to 1778, Bordelois was used as an East Indiaman, after which she became a hulk in Lorient.[1]

In 1779, on the background of the Franco-American alliance, Bordelois was sold and rebuilt into a 40-gun frigate; her refitting having been financed by the States of Artois, she was renamed to États d'Artois . She entered drydock in June 1779, to be launched in January 1780 and commissioned in May 1780.[1]

On 1 July 1780 Artois was captured by HMS Romney, and brought into British service as HMS Artois.[1]

Notes and references[]


  1. "Bordelois" is an ancient graphy of "Bordelais"


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. pp. 79. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 
  2. Levot, Prosper (1852) (in French). Biographie bretonne: recueil de notices sur tous les Bretons qui se sont fait un nom. 1. Caudran. pp. 456. 

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