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French ship Borée (1805)
the Borée
Portrait of Borée on 12 April 1807, by Antoine Roux
Career (France)
Name: Borée
Namesake: Boreas
Ordered: 4 January 1803 [1]
Builder: Toulon [1]
Laid down: 19 August 1803 [1]
Launched: 27 June 1805 [1]
Commissioned: 29 May 1805 [1]
Struck: 1828 [1]
Fate: Broken up in 1828 [1]
General characteristics [2]
Class & type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
Displacement: 2,966 tonnes
5,260 tonnes fully loaded [1]
Length: 54 m (177 ft 2 in) [1]
Beam: 14.3 m (46 ft 11 in) [1]
Draught: 6.7 m (22 ft 0 in) [1]
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails [1]
Complement: 678 men [1]

74 guns:

16 × 8-pounder long guns
4 × 36-pdr carronades

Borée was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Design and construction

Designed based on plans by Jacques-Noël Sané, and updated by Maillot, she and her sister (Pluton) were the prototypes of a new variant of the Téméraire class designed to have a smaller draught, allowing the production of ships of the line in the shallow harbour of Antwerp.[1]

The construction of Borée was delayed due to a lack of timber, causing her completion date to fall behind that of Pluton, a sistership then under construction. Borée was retro-fitted with improvements introduced on Pluton.[1]


In May 1805, Borée was commissioned and Captain Louis-André Senes took command on 29 August.[1][3][4] She was part of the Mediterranean squadron under Vice-Admiral Ganteaume, in Toulon.[5]

From February to April 1808, Borée took part in Ganteaume's expedition to Corfu.[3]

In April 1809, she took part in the escort of a convoy to Barcelona, in a division under Rear-Admiral Cosmao.[3]

In October 1809, she resumed escort duties for a convoy to Barcelona, this time in a division under Rear-Admiral Baudin. The fleet departed Toulon on 21st,[6] In the morning of the 23rd, the convoy was intercepted by a British squadron under Admiral Collingwood; Baudin ordered the convoy to escape to the bay of Roses, while the escort attempted to distract the British. By noon, fourteen British ships were chasing the three French ships of the line and two frigates. In the morning of 24th, the French squadron anchored close to the coast; it departed the next day at 5, and Baudin gave his captains liberty of manoeuvre to negotiate the shallow waters.[7]

Borée reached deep waters, accompanied by the frigate Pauline, and was chased by HMS Tigre and Leviathan; the running Battle of Maguelone ensued,[8] Senes attempting to moor his ship off Sète. The aviso Provençale had witnessed the fight and her captain, Ensign Vallat, proposed to lead Borée into the harbour of Sète. The delicate manoeuvre succeeded, putting Borée out of reach of the British squadron.[7] Borée and Pauline returned to Toulon, where they arrived on 19 November.[9]

In 1811, Borée remained in Toulon with the Mediterranean squadron, under Senez.[10] On 18 November 1812, Captain Jean-Michel Mahé took command of Borée, part of the squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Émeriau.[10][11] He captained Borée during the Action of 5 November 1813 and until her decommissioning on 13 June 1814.[11]

Borée remained decommissioned in Toulon until 1828, when she was struck and broken up.[1]

Notes and References


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 Roche, p.79
  2. Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". Retrieved 4 April 2013.  (French)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Quintin, p.341-342
  4. Fond Marine, p.341
  5. Fond Marine, p.372
  6. Troude, p.56
  7. 7.0 7.1 Troude, p.57
  8. Bataille de Maguelone
  9. Troude, p.58
  10. 10.0 10.1 Troude, p.119
  11. 11.0 11.1 Quintin, p.254


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